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Ibsen's realist play, A Doll's House, is an accurate imitation of life in this era.

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Introduction

The Victorian Time period was a time of inequality between men and women; men dominated society, and women's roles were limited to caring for their husbands, children, and the drudgery of housework. Ibsen's realist play, A Doll's House, is an accurate imitation of life in this era. The Bourgeoisie society was a time of internal conflict between duty to oneself and duty to others; Ibsen reveals the clich�s of this society through Nora's transformation from a doll to a woman, Dr. Rank's character and through Torvald. Ibsen's use of symbolism reveals the true inner nature of the characters throughout his profound play. The Bourgeoisie society revolves around the fake mind-set that money can bring true happiness. Ibsen portrays money as a symbol of power and the determinant of a person's rank in society; in this time period, people are born into their rank, a woman can only move up in society if she marries into a rich family. The people of this society led the belief that money is a measure of the amount of one's happiness. Torvald, a firm believer in reputations and the Bourgeoisie society, says: "[...] No debt, no borrowing. There can be no freedom or beauty about a home life that depends on borrowing and debt. ...read more.

Middle

The macaroons symbolize Nora's willingness to disobey her husband. In act one; Torvald asks Nora if she has been eating macaroons when she had just eaten a couple. She responds to him by saying, " I should not think of going against your wishes" (Ibsen, page 6) In this black and white society, a woman must never disobey her husband, yet Nora continues to eat the macaroons and hides it from Torvald. This proves that inside, Nora truly is independent and has the ability to lie to her husband. She reveals to the reader that she is not as innocent as she portrays herself to be; she manipulates Torvald and lets him believe he has full control over her, yet she really has him wrapped around her finger. Nora puts on the charade of playing the roll of the doll to get what she wants. At this point, Nora still has not decided whether she wants to remain a doll or become an independent woman; she knows if she remains a doll she will be wealthy but if she becomes independent she will no longer have a stable status in society. Dr. Rank's character is a depiction of the Bourgeoisie society. Dr. ...read more.

Conclusion

(Ibsen, page 63) Nora is telling Torvald that she thought she was happy but that happiness was only temporary; she is telling him that true love can only bring permanent happiness. Nora is no longer being na�ve and has successfully transformed from a doll to a woman! Ibsen's play is based on self-realisation and being true to oneself. He is showing society that times are changing and women should be treated as individuals with minds of their own rather than doll's. He is trying to show society that money can only buy materialistic goods, it can not buy love, or true happiness. Ibsen is foreshadowing the changes in the future through Nora's transformation from a doll to a woman; he is giving hope to the women of the Bourgeoisie society that there is room for change. Ibsen is sending a message to society; a woman's duty does not always have to be to others and there should be a balance between a woman's duty to oneself and her duty to others. He is telling women around the world to always be true to their hearts, and to never pretend to be someone they are not. Through Dr. Rank Ibsen is showing that it is healthy to have a fear of change, but change is also healthy; one should not run away from change because change is always at a constant. 1 2 ...read more.

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