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'Nothings Changed' and 'Ogun are examples of hymns of protest - Examine the ways in which the poet's views and anger are expressed through the poems.

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Introduction

'Nothings Changed' and 'Ogun are examples of hymns of protest. Examine the ways in which the poet's views and anger are expressed through the poems. 'Nothing's Changed' and 'Ogun' are very good examples of hymns of protest. A hymn of protest is a poem that raises awareness about an unjust issue or suffering in the world. The main reason why these poems were written was to show suffering, inequality, racism and slavery in the world. Therefore their aim is to raise the awareness of the reader and motivate them into action. Tatamkhulu Afrika wrote his poem, 'Nothing's Changed' as a result his of personal experience of living in Cape Town, South Africa. He shows separation between the blacks and whites by describing he appearances of a working man's caf� and a restaurant. As a child he lived in District Six and it was destroyed by the whites for construction in 1966 as a result of the apartheid. As a result 55,000 black Muslims were made homeless and had to struggle to survive. Building work has not been completed, even today and Afrika is very angry with that all those people were made homeless, just because they were different. Tatamkhulu Afrika was an Egyptian-born, child of an Arab father and a Turkish mother. ...read more.

Middle

It also presents the blacks from entering the restaurant as windows are made of glass. Glass is also see through, so the poet can see what is going on inside but can not go in because the glass prevents him from doing so. It also shows the wealth of the restaurant. All this makes the poet angry and separated just because of his race. 'Hands burn for a stone, a bomb' Showing his frustration, he simply wants to break the glass, with a stone to go in and end the separation. Words like 'haunte cuisine',' linen falls' and 'single rose' are used to describe how attractive the restaurant is and it also shows the restaurants high status. This shows the financial form of separation that the whites have introduced. It also shows how comfortably the whites live and live the blacks with absolute poverty. To describe the 'working mans caf�' he uses words like 'plastic table top'; 'wipe your fingers on your jeans' and spit a little on the floor to show the contrast between the two different eating-places. It also shows poverty. 'Nothings changed' The poem concludes in a negative way as 'Nothings Changed.' In Ogun, the poet creates the scenes of a journey by imagining his uncle actually making a statue and really into it. While working his uncle goes into nature and also becomes a part of it. ...read more.

Conclusion

This makes him very angry because they were made homeless for no good reason. This shows that he only uses short sentences to make a point and change the rhythm of his poem. He also uses long sentences to force the reader to read on and not stop. The short sentences also help the reader to visualise, what is going on. In the poem 'Ogun' the poet uses couplets to write his poem. He also uses long lines to create a sense of rhythm. The poet imitates the uncles movements in the workshop by using sounds such as clip clop and tat tat. This makes the poem real and makes the reader go into the poem and forces the reader to finish reading the whole poem and understand it. The similarities between the poems are that both show anger and separation. They both have long sentences and force the reader to read on. The differences between the poems are that in 'nothings changed' the poet actually experiences separation and in 'Ogun' the poet imagines his uncle's anger and poverty. He also talks about slavery, which Africa does not talk about. After examining both these poems they are 'hymns of protest' because they are protesting against an unjust issue and both show separation and poverty. Dip Shah/10HO/Mrs Huggins 1 English Coursework/Nothings Changed & Ogun ...read more.

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