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The effects of the three gorges dam

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Introduction

Three Gorges Dam Three Gorges Dam Official name ?????? Impounds Yangtze River Creates Three Gorges Reservoir Locale Sandouping, Yichang, Hubei, China Maintained by China Three Gorges Dam Project Length 2,335 metres (7,661 ft) Height 101 metres (331 ft) Width (at base) 115 metres (377 ft) Construction began December 14, 1994 Construction Cost Estimated 180 billion yuan (39 billion U.S. dollars) Reservoir information Capacity 39.3 km3 (9.4 cu mi) Catchment area 1,000,000 km2 (386,102 sq mi) Surface area 1,045 km2 (403 sq mi) Bridge information Carries 177 Toll �10.00 ID number 7649 Geographical Data Coordinates 30�49�48"N 111�0�36"E? / ?30.83, 111.01 Location The River: The Yangtze River, or Chang Jiang, is China's longest river. The name Yangtze translates as, longest river. It is also the longest in Asia and is ranked third world-wide, after the Nile and the Amazon. It's source has an elevation of about 16,000 feet in the Kunlun Mountains in Tibet, in the Qinghai Province, flowing eastwards towards Shangai to it's mouth, 6,380km later. The Mouth of the River The Dam The Three Gorges region is located along the Yangtze River between the cities of Fengjie (??) and Yichang in Chongqing municipality and Hubei province. The gorges are a great tourist attraction. There are towns and cities built within the region. Gorge Chinese Length (km) Range Qutang Gorge ??? ...read more.

Middle

The dam sections and the electricity station on the right riverbank will be constructed and the installation of all machinery will be finished. Main Features Key Features * The dam is 2 km in length * It will produce a 600km long reservoir * It's expected to generate 288.514 MW of hydroelectricity. * 13 major cities are to be lost, 140 towns and 4,500 villages. * Along with 1.2 million people having to be relocated * Estimated cost of �16 billion! * In the past 2,000 years, the Yangtze River has experienced 215 catastrophic floods. * In 1998 flooding in the area expected to be controlled by the dam resulted in 4,000 dead, 14 million left homeless and $24 billion in economic loss. In the 20th century, flooding of the Yangtze river claimed over 500,000 lives. The last major flood took place in 1998. The floods take and destroy cities, towns, economy and many other things. It also ruins the soil, leaving a lack of nutrients preventing crops growing (which are either to use locally or export). The dam's main feature therefore is to prevent the flooding of the river Yangtze. Conclusion With most things, different people have different views. Each group of people have their views for and against the project. From what I've researched, I've found more arguments against than for, however the arguments for are so strong, they even out. ...read more.

Conclusion

These are all great things for the long run, however like most good things there are things which bring it down. The dam is to submerge the cities and landscape etc. These ideas I am against however, if I was in situation that each year my family, friends and I were in threat due to floods, and loosing our houses. I wouldn't like the thought of moving at first and starting all over again would make me think twice at first. I disagree with the amount of compensation being given to the millions which have to be moved is not really that substantial for them to obtain a new home. Another doubt I have is that with the dam being built in an earthquake zone, could possibly kill more lives than it would save. It is going to be sad to loose the historical sights, in other places, history is being destroyed each day, there's still going to be museums with bits of what is going to be lost still there; also history is being made each day... the gorges dam sight could possibly be classed just as historic in years to come. The dam has also created thousands of temporary and permanent jobs which I think balances out the jobs which were lost with the cities flooding, the dam jobs could possibly be better than those current. Overall the results for the dam overweigh those against. http://darwin.bio.uci.edu/~sustain/state/kmin.html http://www.pbs.org/itvs/greatwall/dam1.html http://www.ccds.charlotte.nc.us/History/China/02/edwards/edwards.htm http://us.chineseembassy.org/eng/zt/sxgc/t36502.htm ...read more.

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