• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Protestant politicians explain the social, economic and political differences between Catholic and Protestant?

Extracts from this document...


How did Protestant politicians explain the social, economic and political differences between Catholic and Protestant? Since there were different Prime Ministers of Northern Ireland at the time we are studying they explained social, economic and political differences differently. However basically there are two different explanations, one of a moderate Unionist and one of an extreme Unionist. The Prime Minister in Northern Ireland Terence O'Neill came to power in 1963 after Basil Brooke had ruled Northern Ireland. Basil Brooke was an extreme unionist and his thoughts on Catholics were shown in his speeches, "there is this feeling that here is a man who is out to destroy Northern Ireland if he can possibly do it.... They say why aren't we given more higher positions? But how can you give somebody who is your enemy a higher position in order to allow him to come out and destroy you?" This is a quote from a newspaper article on Protestant fears and it is a true source since it was Basil Brooke saying this. This is the kind of discrimination which was happening and this was being said by the Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. This is not a good example to set, and by him saying this would encourage the Protestant people of the country to attack and discriminate Catholics. Another quote from Basil Brooke is this one where he said that "I recommended people not to employ Roman Catholics, who were 99 per cent disloyal." ...read more.


Terence O'Neill understood that and when he came to power he knew that reform was needed. On the 22nd of November 1968 O'Neill announced a list of reforms which he wished to be achieved. The reforms were, 1. Local Councils would allocate housing on a needs related points system, so that those most in need were given houses. 2. Some of the powers of the Northern Ireland government's Special Powers Act were to be removed. 3. An independent OMBUDSMAN would investigate complaints against local authorities. 4. The principle of universal suffrage (one person one vote, regardless of whether or not they owned property) in local elections would be considered. 5. The Londonderry Corporation was suspended and replaced by an appointed commission which took over all of its functions. The appointed commission consisted of people who were effectively civil servants who would run services and facilities until democratic reforms took place and a new Corporation could be elected. These are the list of reforms that O'Neill brought into place. I myself agree with them all and I especially agree with the one man vote and the houses problem. These two are both rules which were made just for middle class Protestants and both of these rules made it so hard for the Catholics to live a life which they wanted to. In my point of view Terence O'Neill was a good and fair Prime Minister because he knew that Northern Ireland was in a mess and he knew that the Catholics were obviously being discriminated. ...read more.


In Northern Ireland at that time Ian Paisley basically said what he wanted and he didn't hesitate in saying these things. Another example of when Ian Paisley would stir up trouble is when he ordered the removal of an Irish Flag from a window in the Catholic Divis Street area of Belfast. This was obviously going end up in violence as it did because the Catholics despised Ian Paisley as he did to the Catholics. Ian Paisley had a lot of very loyal supporters and if you were a supporter of him you would have to be loyal because of the ideas he had were very radical. I think that Ian Paisley in a way hypnotized the people of Northern Ireland to think that the Catholics were the devil of Rome. To conclude the moderates explained the disadvantages in a fair way and they knew that it was results of events which had happened hundreds of years before. The moderates were open minded and they knew that things had to be changed as it would result in Northern Ireland being seen as a very discriminative place and one which needed a better leader. On the other hand the extremists explained the disadvantages as it should happen and that Catholics are a threat. The extremists basically thought that nothing should be done with disadvantages facing Catholics since they were a threat to them. ?? ?? ?? ?? David Drayton ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    As they sit at the talks at the moment, the best that can be given is an interim judgement. And interim judgement is that the IRA and the Republican movement have led through their own mistakes, also through their own heroism, and also through their own ruthlessness.

  2. How did Protestant Politicians explain the social, economic and political differences between Catholics and ...

    They also feared that they would be completely separated from Britain and the Monarchy. So they believed that through gerrymandering and discrimination they could stay loyal to Britain, which they believed their country was part of. That was another big thing they desperately wanted, to be part of Britain.

  1. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    He stood in the Cure East by - election, openly declaring his belief in an Independent Irish Republic. He won easily, but refused to take up his seat at Westminster as part of Sinn Fein's policy of abstention. The Sinn Fein candidates became popular because the British had blamed them

  2. How did the Protestant politicians explain the social, economic and political differences between Catholic ...

    This dislike towards Catholics is traditional as past incidents are often remembered, such as the massacres of 1641, which fosters the hatred between them. By the 1960s, they were living in separate communities and educated in completely different ways. In 1921, when the Republic was declared a separate country, the

  1. Ireland - What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and ...

    A lot of them also did not want to break up the United Kingdom; they wanted to keep it as one. Though all Unionists opposed Home Rule, there were tensions and disagreements within Unionism. Moderate Unionists felt that support for Nationalism was simply because of the backwards economy and poverty in the rural areas of Ireland.

  2. Ireland's incredible economic success has left many countries in complete fascination.

    Aimed at eliminating British control of Irish industry the Control of Manufacturers Act was also abolished8. Lemass aimed to attract direct foreign investment to Ireland, in particular in the manufacturing sector. This policy proved extremely successful as successive governments for over 40 years consistently followed it.

  1. Ireland coursework-Part AIreland has had a lot of trouble over the years for many ...

    As well as introducing internment the unionist government had also banned all marches, making this one illegal. The marches were intending to go to the guildhall through the Catholic Bogside area. However the army wanted to deal with the march in a low key way so put up 26 barriers to contain the marches within the Bogside area.

  2. How did Protestant politicians explain the social, economic and political differences between Catholics and ...

    This seems to be a bit one-sided and biased. But in fact it was a cover up for the discrimination the Protestants gave to the Catholics. They blamed the Catholics for every aspect of life and most probably to cover up their unfairness.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work