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Nazi Rise to Power.

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Introduction

Nazi Rise to Power The Nazi Party's rise to power was not simply due to luck. There were many key events and factors involved that were all partly responsible for the Nazis coming of power in 1933. A delicate democracy, an economy in which was crushed to pieces and an mortified people all played into the hands of the Nationalists. Hitler encouraged these theories claiming that he would rebuild Germany and lead his country to glory. The new republic faced crises on a number of fronts, but it was severely handicapped by a new constitution which was based on "proportional representation." This system of voting meant that often the government was unable to pass laws in the Reichstag. Frequently the Chancellor would discard democracy and fall back on Article 48, which enabled him to rule singly. It was clear that the democracy was not successful, and the government was incapable of ruling the country. The Nazis used the constitutional weaknesses to great advantage, attacking the government and offering themselves as an alternative. The Nationalists could improve on the mess that democracy had made of Germany, they said. ...read more.

Middle

However this did not solve Germany['s economic problems. The country was still greatly in debt . In desperation, more money was printed, which led to hyperinflation. Businesses closed, unemployment rose, and the middle class saw their savings disappear. The suffering caused by the extreme poverty of the hyperinflation turned people against the Republic. The strengths of the Nazis also helped greatly in Hitler's coming to power. They were masters of propaganda and used it to create as much fear and hatred of the Communists as possible. Nationalist leaders trained local groups in propaganda skills. They even went so far as to provoke violent confrontations at election meetings which would then be crushed by S.A who could be seen to be dealing with the "communist threat" The Nazis also used their figure head, Hitler to gain popularity. H e was cast as the powerful leader that Germany longed for. Posters were printed which managed to transform this short ugly man-the opposite of the Aryan ideal into Superman He became adept at working the crowds in the many mass rallies that were held all over the country. A further bonus for the Nazis , and a blow for the Republic was the Great Depression. ...read more.

Conclusion

However Hitler used his position in government to increase his power, and became dictator in 1934, and the Weimar Republic was finally destroyed. However this factor was not entirely responsible for the Nazi rise to power. Mostly it was the failure of the Weimar Republic that caused such a rise in popularity for the Nazis. The events of 1923 were disastrous for the Government, and therefore advantageous for the Nazis. If the Weimar Republic had succeeded in handling the problems that arose and worked well as a democracy, the Nazis would have stood little chance of even winning a fair number of seats in the Reichstag. Yet it is not entirely the fault of the Weimar Republic, that democracy and the Government had failed. The problems that arose were in some cases completely unavoidable. For example, the signing of Treaty could not have been avoided, and the "stab in the back" theory was flawed. The depression too, and the suffering caused was not down to the government. Nazi strengths made best use of the Republic's downfall, using propaganda to their best advantage and appealing to all areas of society Hitler encouraged all doubt of the Government.. He struck in the time of crisis for the Weimar Republic- the hyperinflation and the invasion of the Ruhr, with the Beer Hall Putsch. ...read more.

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