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Russian Revolution Sources Questions

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Introduction

Russian Revolution 1. The personalities of the Tsar and Tsarina was one of if not the main reason why there was a revolution in March 1917. This is because the Tsar could have handled Russia's problems like bad living and working conditions and fuel and food shortages better so his personality of being lazy and selfish was the main cause of the revolution in March 1917. Nicholas II became Tsar in 1896 and was in total control of the Russian Empire. He was the autocrat of Russia. Nicholas II replaced his father Alexander III who had respect from his people. In contrast Nicholas II was the opposite. He was weak, knew little about leadership and was shy. At his coronation in 1896 there were mass crowds and 1200 people were crushed to death. The Tsar took little notice of this tragedy and went to a party that very night. This gave him a disrespectful image towards his people from the beginning of his rule. It shown that he was uninterested in the feelings of the Russian people and only cared about his family and social life. Nicholas II himself said ' I am not prepared to be Tsar, I never wanted to become one, I know nothing of the business of ruling.' It seemed as though Nicholas II was only ruling as Tsar because he had to. ...read more.

Middle

The personalities of the Tsar and Tsarina was one of the major causes of the Russian Revolution as most of the other causes were due to the Tsar and Tsarina's incompetence. The Russian people know that the Tsar and Tsarina's weaknesses and indecisiveness was the cause of all of their problems. Nicholas II came into power as the Tsar of Russia in 1896 after a tough reign from his father Alexander III. This was 21 years before the March 1917 revolution, which makes this cause long term. If the Tsar actually listened to the people and took notice of the problems his people had, then he could have improved the living and working conditions and could have solved one of the long-term causes. The Tsar also failed in the war, a short term-cause, which made his people angry. The disastrous defeats in the war caused major fuel and food shortages. The Tsarina was left to keep the country in order but she did not take any notice of the peoples needs either and the shortages got worse. Her indecisiveness and lack of leadership qualities caused her to be influenced greatly by the crazy monk Rasputin. The Russian people had been living with problems like poor living and working conditions for over 21 years so Nicholas II could have taken notice and improved their situation. He never did so the people were angry and revolution was imminent. ...read more.

Conclusion

The war created fuel and food shortages which added to the already terrible conditions that the Russian people were living in; so fuel and food shortages, a short-term cause, made a long-term cause, poor living and working conditions, even worse. The shortages came about during the war, in 1915, which makes this a short-term cause of the revolution. Men fighting in the war prevented them from working in agriculture and industry. The Tsar his people in appalling conditions and by entering the war those conditions wee made worse. He was concentrating on the war but was losing so everyone suffered. Many remaining workers went on strike and the price of food rose dramatically because of the shortages, so many people died of starvation. The Tsar failed to keep his country in order and failed in the war. He was a failure all-round as a leader. Both short-term and long term causes contributed towards causing the March 1917 revolution in Russia. The long-term causes were what created opposition to the Tsar. The personalities of the Tsar and Tsarina and the poor living and working conditions of the peasants made people angry with the Tsar and Karl Marx gave them the inspiration to revolt against the Tsarist government. The short-term causes finally pushed people over the edge to revolt like the failures in World War I, the fuel and food shortages and the role of Rasputin. ?? ?? ?? ?? Year 11 History Coursework David Haigh Page 2 5/1/2007 ...read more.

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