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What Problems threatened the survival of the Weimar Republic 1919 - 24?

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Introduction

What Problems threatened the survival of the Weimar Republic 1919 - 24? The Weimar republic was formed after the first world war, Any government facing the task of rebuilding a nation after a war undertakes a very difficult task, and this is even more so with a defeated nation. During this essay I will be discussing what threats the Weimar faced and the problem it brought to the Weimar Republic. The root to the problems facing Germany between 1918 - 23 leads to Germany's defeat in the first world war as it consequently brought about all the other problems that the Republic would face. The key element was the fact that Germany lost the war so the new government was in no situation to reject the Treaty of Versailles which was always going to be a harsh treaty with the allies. This resulted in compulsory military service being abolished, the army being reduced from 600 000 to 100 000, naval personnel not to exceed 15 000, and a limit of twenty-four naval ships with no submarines as well as stopping exportation and production or war materials. ...read more.

Middle

The KPD believed that Weimar had not gone far enough and were aiming to provoke a socialist revolution, taking inspiration from Bolshevik Russia. Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg were two key figures in the KPD and wanted to replace the Weimar with a new revolutionary government without using violent methods. On 6th January 1919 formed a Spartacist uprising in Berlin. The large number of workers in the uprising showed how unpopular the government was with the workers and this was very dangerous for them as the workers made up a huge majority of the population and could be a large influence in a general election. The government used the army, aided by the Freikorps, to put down this attempted revolution, and by the 13th January the uprising had been completely put down. Both Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebnecht were killed whilst in police custody. The way that the SPD dealt with this brought about resentment and sympathy from other people, even those who didn't support the KPD. However Right wing opposition posed much more of a threat to the Republic that left wing opposition, mainly due to the mass support that the right had. ...read more.

Conclusion

The kapp putsh showed how the government could not always rely on it's army or on its universal support, it also showed that politicians were unsafe in Berlin. The consequences of the Kapp Putsch failure brought more problems for Weimar in the shape of radical right wing terrorism, known as "White Terror". However many more problems faced the government through the unsettlement and bitter aftermath of the defeat in the war. Many people blamed the government that it was there fault that Germany lost the war. The 'stab-in-the back' theory was a very popular belief going around Germany as Germany to believe that they had almost won the war to have suddenly lost and the army blamed it on the government. Some Germans never wanted to give the Weimar a chance because they felt that it was a 'Diktat' as they believed it was going to be a fair treaty based on Wilson's 14 points. The invasion of the Ruhr sparked hyper-inflation which created all sorts of problems for the Weimar to deal with. More people were become unsatisfied with the work of the government as their standard of living was becoming worse and worse. ...read more.

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