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"A belief is what we accept as the truth" (J. W. Apps) Is this a claim that you could defend?

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TOK Essay "A belief is what we accept as the truth" (J. W. Apps) Is this a claim that you could defend? Let us start this essay by defining the two keywords in the question; belief and truth. What is a belief? The dictionary1 defines belief as an ideology. It is an idea that has not been scientifically proven. It is the persuasion of religious truths. Now, what is truth? Again, the dictionary1 defines truth as an agreement with reality. It is an established principle. It is that which has been scientifically proven. This essay will involve the analysis of certain common beliefs and to see whether they are actually true. I chose this topic because I felt a need to clearly distinguish between truths and beliefs. The first belief is the Existence of God. The existence of God has been a popular belief for a very long time. ...read more.


There is no solid proof to back this belief, only theories and ideologies. Were you born? You would say "yes, of course." I would reply, "How do you know?" do you have any pictures of your birth, any videos perhaps? Sure, you'll say I have baby pictures of my self. Yes, baby photos but not photos of your birth. You could have been put into this world without being born. What if we were in a situation similar to that in the movie 'The Matrix?' Where our minds are programmed to perceive what we are perceiving now? The minds of your parents could have been programmed with the memories of conception. Your mother's mind could have been programmed with the pain of you birth giving. The fact is that there is no solid evidence, no videos of the actual birth process; only beliefs. Aliens, extra-terrestrials, UFOs; whatever you wish to call them; the question is: "Do they exist?" ...read more.


We need solid proof to satisfy ourselves that aliens do not exist, not mere speculation. "Absence of proof does not mean proof of absence." - Anonymous. So in conclusion we observe that for a few popular beliefs we have not found any solid evidence to back up the belief, the theory. Therefore the claim "A belief is what we accept as truth" (J. W. Apps) is a claim that I cannot defend for that same reason. For a belief to be accepted as truth it must be proven scientifically, observed and recorded (pictures or videos) or proven logically. We have seen from the examples above that there has not been any authentic evidence to back up what people believe. Therefore there is no reason as to why the claims should not be classified as untrue. By Imran Meghji IB1 Word count: 947 1 The dictionary I used was "The Universal Dictionary" published by Psychology Publishing CO. LTD Marple, Cheshire. I also used the "Collins Paperback Thesaurus, Major New Edition" published by Harper Collins Publishers in 1995. ...read more.

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