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GCSE: Abortion and other medical issues

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  1. Religion and Medical issues - fertility and transplants.

    'Straight surrogacy' is when your partner's sperm is conceived with the surrogates' eggs. This would mean that the surrogate mother will be the biological mother. 'Host surrogacy' is when the natural mother and father give their own eggs and sperm and place that into the surrogate mother. Therefore, the surrogate mother will not be biologically related. Artificial Insemination by Husband treatment (AIH) is when the sperm is put into the woman by a tube, rather than natural sex. This is by using the husbands' sperm. . Artificial Insemination by Donor treatment (AID) is when the sperm is put into the woman by a tube, rather than natural sex but this time it's by using a donor's sperm.

    • Word count: 1172
  2. Abortion Should Never Be Justified. Discuss

    Many would argue that the mothers life is also more important than the fetus' - the mother is already established in the world, has directly influenced the people and community around her, and has already established bonds with people who would be absolutely overcome with grief at her death, whereas the fetus is yet to influence the world, and would not cause anywhere near as much grief as the mother's death would. The mother already has responsibilities in the world, whereas the fetus is merely hindering those responsibilities by causing physical pain and suffering upon the mother, as well as preventing many of these responsibilities' undertaking in the latter stages of pregnancy.

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  3. Describe the Muslim Teaching on the sanctity of life and how this can be applied to abortion.

    'Sanctity of life' refers to the idea that life is sacred, an idea that is highly prioritised in Islam, and in turn, many, or even most Muslim scholars agree that a foetus is a soul, a human life. However, the actual point of becoming as valued as a human is disputed. Some scholars believe it to be 120 days, whereas others believe it to be 40 days. Another opinion is when the baby voluntarily moves inside the womb. There are situations in Islam, however, where abortion is permitted, and indeed recommended.

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  4. Abortion, the contention: A Christian could never agree to having an abortion is difficult to find a definitive, clear-cut answer.

    Why is it that they are often given a lot of care and protection in order to protect them from harm? Why is it that so many women and men are devastated by miscarriages? The foetus is developing into a human being in the womb. It could even be argued that it is a developing human being. Sure, the foetus may not even have a consciousness until Weeks 21 - 36, but bear in mind that the possibility of survival of a premature birth at 21 weeks is slim but still very feasible; at 21 weeks, a baby could already be independent of its mother's body - a real human being.

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  5. Abortion Arguement

    On the other hand supporters of abortion believe that the law does not go far enough and that abortion should be made more readily available. Although abortion is easily available within Great Britain, it is not obtainable in Northern Ireland unless serious complications may arise. Supporters of abortion feel that the situation is inadequate since it is out of step with the rest of the U.K. Yet many women from Northern Ireland travel over to Britain in order to receive an abortion, some even say this discriminates those who cannot afford to travel.

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  6. God,life and death

    We get these ideas from our families, own experiences & from reading the sacred texts. How do people experience God? * Miracle * Experiencing God * A wonder / supernatural happening * Act of benevolence * An act of generosity from God * An inner feeling * People just feel that God is there to support them etc * * Prayer * A way of thinking about God, feeling him, building a relationship with him * Worship * A direct relationship with God * A way of communicating * Reading the sacred texts * They have special meanings for different

    • Word count: 1910
  7. Explain why Religious people may have problems with transplant surgery?

    Many of these arguments occur between Christians. Most Christians agree with transplant surgery and some also carry donor cards, meaning that their organs can be used after their death, however some have concerns for the issue. For example some Christians have problems with using organs and tissue from dead people, but accept transplants using organs or tissue from living relatives. They have this attitude because, Christians believe that organs such as the heart are an intrinsic part of the individual who has been created by God.

    • Word count: 1910
  8. AQA Christian Responce

    The Catholic view on the value of life at the beginning of life isn't universal for all Christian denominations. Some Christian Churches teach that the mother of the child has the right to have an abortion, as long as she is informed of the process and thinks it is necessary. As for contraception many Christian Churches allow their members to freely use methods of contraception as they believe that sex is a way of showing the love between two people, and if they are unwilling to raise a child then that shouldn't prevent their love. All Christian Church's find euthanasia totally indefensible; since there cannot be any arguments on if someone has the right to end that life unlike abortion.

    • Word count: 1373
  9. Life Issues

    In many religions, abortion is seen as the murder of a child. Religious people think that a baby who is in the mother's womb is going to survive and be another life. Religious Jews believe that any death is unjust, 'Do not kill,' Exodus. This is the view of Jewish people and so if a Jewish person does not murder someone why should they murder a viable foetus? Another belief is that life begins at conception and that God should decide who dies and who is born.

    • Word count: 1006
  10. Religion courseowrk, sancity of human life, abortion and euthanasia

    Also the fifth commandment is, "You shall not kill", (Exodus 20:13) So it is clear from the bible that human beings are not meant to choose when it is they're supposed to die. "Life and death, poverty and wealth all come from God" (Ecclesiastes 11:15). God is our creator and is the giver of life and he alone will decide when we are to return to him. Each of the Christian churches has their own teachings about the sanctity of human life. The Catholic Church believes that the sanctity of human life is that it is unparalleled in holiness and that the premature taking of a human life is never justified.

    • Word count: 1969
  11. Exploring why people appose abortion?

    And do younger age groups have more or less abortions? So my essay I hope to achieve answering these questions I could use different methods including Primary and secondary methods of research. My secondary research will include using the Internet. This method would be a good method but not all things on the Internet are true so I would have to make sure it is a reliable website. Another Secondary method I could use is books to find out information because books are normally reliable sources and are more reliable then the Internet.

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  12. Abortion R.E

    Another reference is, 'you shall not murder.' This reference connotes that obviously you shouldn't murder but as Catholics are against abortion; this would come into effect as they believe abortion is murder, that they are disobeying God by putting this commandment into the opposite practice by killing the child within their womb. The Catholic Church believes that abortion is bad in every way, shape and form and under any circumstances! They believe that every unborn child is worthy of having a right to life.

    • Word count: 1371
  13. Religion and Medical Issues

    * In-vitro-fertilisation (IVF) * Artificial Insemination by husband (AIH) * Artificial Insemination by donor (AID) * Egg Donation * Embryo donation * Surrogacy In-vitro-fertilisation, the eggs are gathered from the woman's ovaries and mixed with the man's sperm in a dish in the laboratory, after this procedure has been done and the egg has been fertilised, the fertilised egg is placed back into the mother's womb. Artificial Insemination by the husband is when the warmed prepared sperm is introduced into the woman's uterus at around the time of ovulation, with the aim of getting the sperm nearer to the egg.

    • Word count: 1606
  14. religious studies abortion coursework:SECTION A

    This involves dilating the cervix and delivering the legs and torso of the baby. The head stays in the womb. The abortionist pierces the head and the contents of the skull are vacuumed out before the corpse is removed. One other method, which is very controversial, is saline abortion. This involves replacing amniotic fluid around the baby with a concentrated salt solution. This poisons the foetus and this results in a miscarriage. This is banned in Japan and Sweden. A hysterotomy is another method which is used.

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  15. religious studies abortion coursework:SECTION C

    These include the idea that it is a woman's right to do with her body as she pleases. Many people see a foetus as simply another part of the woman's body. This is one of the main arguments for abortion. Another is that if the woman's life is in danger then it is for the best to abort the baby. An adult female is a fully grown recognisable human being whereas a foetus is not fully developed so it is more important that the woman goes on living. The unborn child has had no experience of life and is free of sin. This would mean that the unborn child would be pretty much guaranteed a place in heaven.

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  16. GCSE Religion Abortion Coursework

    b. Any of various procedures that result in such termination and expulsion. Also called induced abortion. When does human life begin? Well, the bible states - "When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting the baby moved within her... And (she) said 'for as soon as I heard your greeting, the baby within me jumped with gladness."1 But who really 'owns' the child? Religious scholars maintain that the child is belonging to God. For the bible quotes - "God created man in the image of himself, In the image of God he created him, Male and female he created them."2 This clearly states that as God created mankind, he is the only one who has right over it.

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  17. Faced with the issues of abortion and euthanasia, explain the different ways in which Christians respond.

    Other Christians refuse this reason as the foetus is growing into a baby. If someone would define the word 'alive' they would realise that it means this being is growing, developing, maturing and replacing its own dying cells. It means not being dead. Moreover, the unborn baby is distinct from the mother right from the beginning-at conception. The zygote, or "fertilized egg", directs the pregnancy by establishing a placenta, organising their own developing tissues and organs eventually deciding on the timing of the birth.

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  18. Only God has the right to interfere with our genes. Do you agree?

    Recently cloning procedures have been used to grow healthy cells to replace the malfunctioning ones. This process involves creating stem cells either from embryos or from bone marrow or blood. Because of the use of embryos, this form of stem cell research was illegal until February 2001, when new government legislation was passed, because it went against the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act of 1990. Some people are against the continuing progress of genetic engineering because there's almost no information of the long term consequences.

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  19. Religion and Medical Ethics

    and was a result of 10 years of research by Dr R.G. Edwards who said, "a society that permitted eugenic abortion could hardly object to IVF which was trying to 'create life'." IVF is one of the only infertility treatments that can be used if both the husband and wife have fertility problems, such as damaged fallopian tubes or a low sperm count, and is often the only way these couples can have biological children. It is also the only treatment that lets women with the inability to conceive bare and give birth to their child.

    • Word count: 1162
  20. "Abortion is never justified". Do you agree? Give reasons to support your answer & show that you have thought about different points of view. You must refer to Christianity in your answer.

    "Be fertile and multiply" (Genesis 1:28). "Truly children are a gift from the Lord; the fruit of the womb is a reward" (Psalm 127:3). Some Christians may also argue that other people do not have the gift of children. God intended you to and if you deny that right by terminating the "Fruit of the womb" then not only is it a waste of something other people cannot have and want, you are also insulting God by abusing the gift he gave you.

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  21. B] Explain how Christians might put their beliefs about abortion into action.

    Similarly if a Christian could vote for someone who wants to make abortion more available. Some Christians may take part/organise protests, both for and against abortion. In a protest for abortion Christians may raise the issue of the suffering of women and unwanted children, who are suffering because the mother decided against abortion maybe after being dissuaded. Christians who are for abortion may argue that God gave human free will. Therefore wanted us to live our lives as we want. They could offer support and advice to women recovering from abortion. By showing agape they could help the women cope with the after effects of abortion.

    • Word count: 1356
  22. Free essay

    Explain how Christians would respond to the issue of abortion and euthanasia.

    Some Catholics would protest outside of an abortion clinic and show the people that abortion is wrong and that Catholics offer lots of support instead of the women having to go through an abortion. Others may put pressure on local MP's to get the law changed so that at least abortion is not offered so freely to anyone. They could do this by getting as many signatures as possible on a petition and have many letters sent to them. Catholics would recommend to people, who want an abortion, to go visit Catholic Care, an organisation set up to offer advice

    • Word count: 1019
  23. Free essay

    Human growth and development-Conception to Birth

    * The placenta is formed, which lies against the uterus wall and acts as the liver, lungs and kidneys for the embryo and the foetus. The placenta is connected to the embryo's circulatory system by the umbilical cord. Nutrients pass through to the embryo and digestive waste products and CO2 pass from the baby to the mother.'(Btec national early years, Penny tassoni) * Week 4 - the neural tube closes( if this does not close spina bifida occurs)The embryo is around 6.4mm in length * Week 5 - the baby's heart be can be detected and the embryo is now the same size as a small seed.

    • Word count: 1961
  24. Christian views on abortion and euthanasia

    The Church of England believes that abortion is wrong however, there are a few exceptions such as; rape. If the mother has been raped should she ha to bring up the baby and have to look after her rapists face on her baby all her life? Another reason is if the mother is in danger of losing her life if she carries on with the pregnancy or finally if the baby will be born severely disabled and would not be able to live a normal happy life. The final way in which Christians respond is by their individual conscience.

    • Word count: 1031
  25. What your baby will be doing

    When you put toys out for your baby to play with put the toys further away from your baby so they have to crawl over. Social Development; When your changing your baby nappy or feeding her/him talk to her, get other people to speak to him/her so they can develop their skills. Emotional development; Always make sure you make your baby feel happy and secure, and always make them feel loved; always try to speak in a soft voice as this will comfort them.

    • Word count: 1584
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Religious Studies involves more than just study the world's great religions. In studying the subject you may end up covering how spirituality underpins our culture, how belief systems inform how we treat each other, animal life and the world around us, and the role religion plays in societies around the globe. Youll pick up some valuable skills along the way too: analytical thinking and critical judgement, the ability to work with others, skills of expression and discussion, and ways in which you can negotiate and resolve argument.

You will cover the major global religions (and specialising in one or two), ethics, crime and punishment, personal relationships and the family and the response of societies to issues like poverty in different parts of the world. You'll need to be able to clearly discuss relevantpoints in your assignments and Marked by Teachers have a comprehensive range of assessed RS essays, which you can access to build the skills you need.

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How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

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  • Christians should never agree with abortion. Discuss

    "In conclusion, although the foetus may not be a full human yet it still has that potential to be one, so that needs to be taken into account. God also should only have the power to give and take away life as Christians see everyone as Gods creation so therefore he should only have the right to take away our lives since he created us. But Christian should still agree with abortion in some circumstances such as the ones required by 1990 Human and Embryology act, which are if the mental or physical health of the mother or any existing children are at risk or if their was a risk that the baby would be born seriously handicapped. The reason for this would solely be to protect the people who are already alive and fully human which is very important for lots of Christians."

  • To what extent is abortion a justified action?

    "In conclusion, it is apparent that it is up to the individual as to whether they feel abortion is morally right or suitable for them. Obviously, circumstances with regards to finance and relationship change, and in some cases abortion seems the only sensible option. However, it is important to consider all the options available and other factors such as religious beliefs, which may effect the final decision Matthew Goodwin 10MA English Coursework"

  • Discuss and evaluate ethical dilemmas - Euthanasia

    "A case which would have been an excellent milestone did not go to court as the child in question died in his home from cerebal palsy. The parents of Thomas Creedon, who could not hear or see, claimed that their son was paralysed, had constant fits, was in constant pain and suffering by being forced to stay alive. The Times newspaper states that 'Thomas's doctors wanted to continue feeding him and were set to oppose his parents application. They disputed the Creedons belief that he was constantly in pain. Mrs Creedon had said "Thomas has a very distressing existence and I find it difficult to see how the medical profession in this particular area is prepared to perpetuate that suffering, no matter what the realistic outcome is likely to be.".'This was a case of distress for Mrs Creedon. Euthanasia raises many questions, is a doctor a judge or is he just a doctor, is one who involves oneself in euthanising another a saint or a sinner? What constitutes unbearable pain, whose dcision is it? All of these questions and many more all constitute to the cloudy and complicated legal system. Should euthanasia be legalised, is it right."

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