• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Crude Oil - Uses, Shortages and Alternatives.

Extracts from this document...


CRUDE OIL What is crude oil used for? Crude oil is fractionally distilled to be used as other useful fuels to make cosmetics and plastics and much more. This is done my fractional distillation which is where the crude oil is heated to make it evaporate it then cools down which causes it to condense and then it can be used as more useful fuels. Crude oil is used to make allot of different things here are just a few: Petrol - for fuelling cars/ motor vehicles etc. And to operate machinery. Fertilisers/Pesticides- Heating oil- Used to heat houses. http://www.hpa.org.uk/web/HPAwebFile/HPAweb_C/1194947327894 http://wanttoknowit.com/uses-of-crude-oil/ http://chemistry.tutorvista.com/biochemistry/industrial-chemicala-petrochemicals.html Alternative Fuels The main fuels that are used around the world are oil, petrol, gas and coal. An alternative fuel is a fuel that doesn?t use any of these fuels. A few examples of alternative fuels could be biodiesel, LPG, Natural gas and Fuel cell. Biodiesel is produced from the oil of crops such as waste oils from cooking and rapeseed. This fuel uses a major reduction of carbon emissions compared to other fuels. ...read more.


The main materials used that produce the bio plastic are wheat, sugar, corn, beets, sugar and other plants and also vegetable oils. This was invented around the mid-1980s. Out of the energy that is used by producing a petroleum based product only 65% of it is used when making bio plastic products so when making these we would save 35% of the energy that is now wasted on making traditional petroleum products. So when we look at the annual plastic products used in just Europe which weights no less than 50 million tonnes we can now see the dramatic change of the less amount of energy we would use if we just made Bio plastic products and scrapped petroleum products. http://www.uk-energy-saving.com/alternative_fuel.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemp http://www.articlesnatch.com/Article/Bioplastic---An-Alternative-To-Petroleum-based-Plastic/601346 When Will We Run Out Of Crude Oil There are many opinions and view of when crude oil will actually run out ranging from not long from now to many years away and some saying that it will never run out. One opinion is that Crude oil will never run out because they believe that there is all the oil in the ground that we ...read more.


My Opinion/Conclution I think that one day crude oil will run out but it won?t be for a very long time because I agree with the theory that when we start to run out of crude oil the price of it will shoot through the roof and become too expensive for many people so people will find alternatives like bio diesel instead of using diesel but I do believe that when this happens some people will still use it and then eventually but very slowly It will run out. And I also disagree with people that say it will run out in around 40 years because some people that say this only based on how much of the oil we have in are reserves, when I believe there is all the oil that we haven?t found yet and that as technology advances we will find much more so I don?t agree with statements that use that theory of just using how much we have left in the reserves. Also that using alternatives to crude oil is the best thing to do because most of the time the alternatives are much better for the environment and that it will prevent crude oil from running out for even longer. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Changing Materials - The Earth and its Atmosphere section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Changing Materials - The Earth and its Atmosphere essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How are products from oil obtained and used?

    4 star(s)

    Substances with very high boiling points (e.g. bitumen and fuel oil) condense immediately and are tapped of at the bottom of the column. These fractions not only have the highest boiling point, but are more difficult to burn and have the smokiest flame; they also have the largest molecules meaning they have a higher viscosity.

  2. Nuclear Waste and Radiation

    When the object, area or the substance gets contaminated or/and irradiated, they can be decontaminated by special procedures. Nuclear wastes are the excess of radioactive substance from nuclear reactors, research projects, and nuclear weapons and bombs productions.

  1. Should the UK government continue to invest in Nuclear power?

    This shows that the way in which energy is produced is very much the same ways in which fossil fuel power stations are run meaning that when transferring from one method to the other it will be easily done. Source 2 Nuclear power plants get go-ahead The go-ahead has been given for a new wave of UK nuclear power stations.

  2. Are fossil fuels being overused?

    Now as it looks here, natural gas isn't really being overused, however, around winter times it gets used way too much as it is constantly being used to heat homes, workplaces and industries. Although they may need heating all year round, they don't need anywhere near as much as they do when the weather is cold.

  1. Runny Oil Coursework.

    confident that my oil is the same, I will keep the angle of the tile accurate by measuring it with a protractor Equipment I have chosen equipment based on my previous knowledge of carrying out experiments and the background information I collected 1 Ceramic tile - the edges are even

  2. Human Impact On the Environment

    of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is 320 and the surface air temperature in 1960 was 0.3�c and the thickness of ice in the Canada Basin was 3.5 metres. However in 2000 the Global concentration of carbon dioxide was 370 parts per million and the surface air temperature in 2000 was 0.7�c.

  1. Should the UK build more Nuclear Power Stations?

    If a free neutron runs into a U-235 nucleus, the nucleus will absorb the neutron without hesitation which causes it to become unstable and split immediately.1 Nuclear Fission As soon as the U-235 nucleus captures a neutron, it splits into two lighter atoms and throws off two or three new neutrons.

  2. Are we making the best use of crude oil?

    Un even distribution of oil reserves is making our world more prone to wars for these resources Gulf war is a good example of this imbalance. Countries with more reserves are selling crude oil and selling products. (Source 9) Product of crude oil such as fuel cause pollution, this pollution is changing the earth.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work