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Was Lenin a success or a failure to Russia?

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Introduction

Was Lenin's policy success of failure for Russia? Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, leader of the October Revolution, which brought the Bolsheviks to power in 1917, and the first head of the Russian Soviet Socialist Republic, was an eminent political person for his aims but was not renowned for his achievements. He arose as the leader by dissolving the Provisional Government, setting up his own and making it an illegal institution. So could Lenin's outlaw policy bring a better life and could his objectives be reached? Were they? First of all, Lenin created a state with a new ideology - socialism. It was a whiff of hope of a better world to live in, with a different society and people. Many believed in this utopia sincerely, including the Bolsheviks themselves, hoping to create something perfect and eternal. At the same time it was a kind of experiment and there was no experience to follow, no mistakes to learn from. It could therefore hardly achieve an ultimate success. The Bolshevik Party, later renamed to The Communist Party, had many difficulties in contemporary Russia to deal with: First World War, food shortages, threat of foreign intervention, a significant decline of industrial production and no support to the Party from outside the main cities. ...read more.

Middle

Foreign intervention, made by Allied leaders suspicious of socialism in Russia, also failed because of weak offense and lack of organization. The Red Terror, applied with will of Lenin, was a savage, cruel and inhumane destruction. The Cheka, or Secret Police, established quickly after Lenin became the leader of the country, was given an admission to follow and terminate anyone who contradicted Party's interests. It was a very powerful weapon and a good use was made of it. The Whites did some terror as well as the Reds did, but theirs was "not so efficient". Some estimate there were over 250,000 victims of Cheka's activities. These must have been really bad people if creation of a better society required their sacrifices. One of the effects of the Civil War in Russia was "war communism" policy. The industry was brought under state control, people from towns roamed in the countryside searching for food, ruble's value was destroyed after the Bolsheviks started printing paper money accelerating hyperinflation. Requisition of grain surplus from peasants was introduced but this only deepened the crisis. ...read more.

Conclusion

A series of strokes had been hitting him since 1921 and in1923 he decided to write his will. Neither of Party's comrades, neither Stalin nor Trotsky, Kamenev or Zinoviev, was mentioned as a proper leader in the future. Lenin even edited his testament later, describing Stalin as a man who has too much power in his hands being the General Secretary of the Party and was not very friendly with his comrades in the Party. Stalin neglected Lenin's will and became the next leader of the Communist Party. Though he tried, Lenin did not manage to keep Stalin away from the leadership. Lenin had plans for a bright future but his works made it only a dream. The situation seemed to be the worst at any time of Bolsheviks' rule but kept getting worse. A civil war, famines, terror, hundreds of thousands dead and a country falling back to the past while other advancing to the future. Not only his policy didn't trigger off a worldwide uprising of socialism but it seemed to be not more advanced than capitalism. We could say Lenin saved Russia from a huge failure adopting NEP but he only saved the country from a disaster he created himself. ...read more.

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