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What is Depression?

Depression is classified by psychiatric diagnostic manuals (DSM-V and ICD-10) as being a disorder that affects an individual’s mood, with the more severe forms of clinical depression having a significant impact on an individual’s day-to-day functioning. Depression is a very common form of mental illness with between 8-12% of the British population experiencing depression in any one year (Office for National Statistics psychiatric Morbidity report, 2001). Depression is also more commonly found in women, with 1 in 4 women at some point in their lives experiencing an episode of depression that requires treatment, compared to 1 in 10 men.

There are a number of different forms of depression that vary in symptoms, diagnosis and treatment; some of these include bipolar disorder (manic depression), postnatal depression and seasonal affective disorder (SAD). This study guide will focus on the most common diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD), also known as unipolar depression. There are also a number of different explanations of the causes of depression including biological explanations such as the roles of genetics and neurochemicals and psychological explanations e.g. cognitive and psychodynamic theories. In line with these different approaches to understanding depression are a variety of different treatments that aim to target the causal factor, including drug treatment, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and psychoanalysis.

Depression essays

What is depression? Here are some essays to help you understand more about depression

Critically Discuss the Causes of one Psychological Disorder Depression is one of the most common and treatable...

4 star(s)

Student: Zoe Wood Tutor: Nick Warmsley Theories of Depression ONCW - Psychology - Level 3 Assignment 2 Date of Submission: 15th March 2006 Critically...

Peer reviewed

Critically consider 2 or more psychological explanations of depression.

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Assignment title: Critically consider two or more psychological explanations of depression. The first psychological approach is the psychodynamic...

Peer reviewed

Discuss two biological therapies for depression. You should refer to research evidence in your answer.

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Discuss two biological therapies for depression. You should refer to research evidence in your answer. (8 marks + 16 marks) Drugs are...

Marked by a teacher

Compare and contrast the main approaches - Biological and Behaviourist, biological and cognitive, Psychodynamic and Behaviourist.

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Compare and Contrast the Psychodynamic and Cognitive approaches in terms of similarities and differences. [12 Marks] The cognitive...

Peer reviewed

Research Studies

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Describe and Evaluate Research studies into Infradian Rhythms (24 marks) Infradian Rhythms repeat themselves over a greater period...

Marked by a teacher

MENTAL HEALTH

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AO1 Mental health issues The concept of mental health There are a wide range of different terms that people use to describe mental health...