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Organizing Space Adolf Loos' Raumplan

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Introduction

´╗┐Organizing Space ? Adolf Loos' Raumplan Introduction Architecture encloses spaces within a volume of mass. These spaces creates various experiences as people stay in them or move between different spaces. Spaces are created with various methodologies. Spaces are also articulated and defined in various ways. In this essay, methods of creating and articulating spaces used by Adolf Loos will be analysed and how they demarcate spaces will be discussed. Loos? Villa Muller will be used as an example to show how spaces are articulated with different methodologies and their corresponding effects. A conclusion on these questions how spaces should be created and articulated shall be done. The Context of the Project Spaces in houses of modern architecture were not merely created without reasoning. The composition of spaces within a house is created with different methodologies according to various reasons. For example, the relation to the site, ease of access etc. The features of the composed spaces are further enhanced by articulations created by methods such as varying datum levels, positioning of openings etc. Transitions in between spaces are also dealt with methods such as interlocking two different materials used by two different spaces next to each other. There are also approaches in which boundaries in between space are not well defined. ...read more.

Middle

The next part rises a level up, which consist of laundry facilities and boiler room. The last part rises another level up, which is the entry point of the villa. Together, these three parts of different levels constitute one complete rotation. The rotation continues upward with three levels, each rising a consistent height from the previous level: the marble hall, then to the dining room and kitchen, and finally the boudoir and library. This completes the second rotation. The spiral stops at the flat plane of the bedroom level. Such methodology is used to define basically and position spaces within a house, not just creating space without order and reasoning. Definition of Space Fig. 3: Marble Hall There are many features created by Loos within each room of the villa to define the room distinctively. Different features are placed in the room to create a sense of closure for each space in the villa, notably distinct cladding materials, stabilizing room-specific symmetries, thresholds marking the points of entry and etc. For example, in the Marble Hall, the room is outlined by beams and is symmetrically composed, with marble slabs marking the longitudinal center of the room. The center in transverse direction is marked by a single door which leads to the terrace. There is also a distinct material palette in the hall. ...read more.

Conclusion

Lines of movements in these connecting spaces are never the same with the axes of symmetries of the rooms. Using an example to illustrate the effect of this, the Marble Hall can be entered through a framed entrance by paired columns and pilasters and a vista through a distant window, but after a few steps into the hall, the axis of motion by the frame is displaced by the axis of the room due to the implications of axial center by the marble slabs mentioned previously. Conclusion Adolf Loos said, ?This is the great revolution in architecture: the solution of the plan in space, just as mankind will eventually succeed in playing chess in the cube, so too other architects will, in the future, solve the plan in space.? Adolf Loos? Villa Muller is a great execution of his idea of ?Raumplan?, the planning of space in a more free way without the constraints of the idea of storey. Moreover, the articulations and markings of space through datum shifts, material pattern cladding and distinct demarcations of axis of individual rooms have been successfully carried out, defining individual spaces distinctly from other spaces. Villa Muller is a great example of space planning and defining, exhibiting the prominent effect of organizing and demarcation of space. Reference 1, 2. Leslie Van Duzer & Kent Kleinman, Villa Muller: a work of Adolf Loos, (New York: Princeton University Press, 1994) Fig. 1. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/36/Villa_Muller_099.jpg Fig. 2. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-4u9YVNJeLo0/T12fOI64uqI/AAAAAAAAAVw/ATD6tKEohJo/s1600/sections.jpg Fig. 3. http://www.icandela.com/en/img2/2012/01/mueller_salon_3058.jpg Fig. 4. http://www.adolf-loos-film.com/images/11_Villa_Mueller-Prag.JPG ...read more.

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