• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Should a DNA profile be taken at birth?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A DNA profile should be taken from each newborn baby. "DNA profiling (also called DNA testing, DNA typing, or genetic fingerprinting) is a technique employed by forensic scientists to assist in the identification of individuals on the basis of their respective DNA profiles."1 Within a clinical context DNA profiling has many potential human uses; immigration applications, determining adopted siblings, paternity testing and of course criminal justice. Limitations of the procedure include; it can only give statistical probable data, it is ethically wrong according to some experts, this then reliable source will be easy to plant in crime scenes and of course minorities may abuse DNA manipulation.2 DNA profiling at its current state is a tool used to gather circumstantial evidence, within the forensic and healthcare fields. Without scientific thought this process is a revelation but many ethical issues including human rights have been foreshadowed. Should a DNA profile be taken from each newborn baby? Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is the cornerstone for human genic makeup, which serves as an instruction manual and blueprint for everything in your body. The process of electrophoresis is used to gather 'non coding DNA' (areas of short tandem repeats, STRs) ...read more.

Middle

DNA samples from crime scenes could potentially determine the guilt or innocence of a potential criminal through the use of a DNA database. Blood, skin, hair and or even fingernails may be manipulated to inevitably be the overriding evidence needed to convict potential criminals.5 The National Policing Improvement Agency (NPIA) expects this technology to revolutionise the way the criminal system works and states; "The benefits of this new technology lie not only in detecting the guilty swiftly but also in eliminating the innocent from police inquiries."6 Another useful advantage of DNA profiling is disaster victim identification. Through the production of a DNA database forensic scientists would be able to identify the body through DNA obtained from body parts or teeth. This process would be revolutionary as it is often difficult to identify victims after disasters such as bombing or fires. DNA profiling is also a useful tool in the paternity sector. Substantial chromosome matches can determine paternity ties, analysing and exploring family relationships. Advancements in technology are ongoing, but according to Bristol Universities Professor Jean Golding of Avon's Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children; "Provided the proper safeguards are in place - the benefits to ...read more.

Conclusion

A DNA profile of all newborns is a gigantic task that needs to be planned out toughly before continuing. Ethical issues need to be compromised if not overcome. The price and feasibility of this project is vital in making correct informed assumptions, in any case I believe the modern world has space for a DNA profile database. 1 Define - DNA profiling, accessed 17 June 2011, <http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/DNA+Profiling> 2 DNA profiling June 2011, accessed 22 June 2011, <http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/DNA_Profiling> 3 What is DNA? June 20, 2011, accessed 28 June 2011, <http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/basics/dna> 4 Crierie, A & Greg, D 2011, Biology Essentials Workbook, 2nd edn, Adelaide Tuition Centre 5 Biotechnology Online- CSRIO, DNA profiling, Australian Government, accessed 28 June 2011 <http://www.biotechnologyonline.gov.au/human/dnaprofile.html> 6 Grey, R 2011, 'New DNA profiling technology could tell police who suspects are in under an hour', The Telegraph, 19th Of June, accessed 04 July 2011, <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/science-news/8584014/New-DNA-profiling-technology-could-tell-police-who-suspects-are-in-under-an-hour.html>. 7 Kerswell, N., Should We Collect DNA From Every Newborn, accessed 04 July 2011 <http://www.bristol.ac.uk/alspac/documents/hgc2.pdf> 8 Nichole, D 28/02/2010, Discover The Pro's and Con's, accessed 05 July 2011, <http://www.brighthub.com/science/genetics/articles/65420.aspx>. 9 Nichole, D 28/02/2010, Discover The Pro's and Con's, accessed 05 July 2011, <http://www.brighthub.com/science/genetics/articles/65420.aspx>. 10 Human Genetics Commission, Profiling the Newborn, accessed 06 July 2011 <http://www.hgc.gov.uk/UploadDocs/Contents/Documents/Final%20Draft%20of%20Profiling%20Newborn%20Report%2003%2005.pdf>. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Applied Biology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Overall this essay is quite confused. The understanding of the technical aspects is lacking, and the technical parts are mixed in with the moral parts without there being any clear structure. 3 stars.

Marked by teacher Rebecca Lewis 03/04/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Applied Biology essays

  1. SDS-PAGE and Western Blotting Lab report (extensive methods section)

    The proteins in the electrophoresis gel are then transferred to a membrane of nitrocellulose (or sometimes Polyvinylidene Fluoride). The membrane is then treated with specific antibody solution which is known to target the protein in question. The protein is now 'tagged' and can be further treated to give a visible colour on the membrane.

  2. Effect of exercise on heart rate and arterial blood pressure in young healthy volunteers.

    Inside the pericardium is another membrane called the epicardium. Between these layers is a narrow space filled with fluid which allows the heart to move freely when beating. The walls of the heart are made primarily of myocardium, which is composed mainly of cardiac muscle cells.

  1. Lab report: food dehydration. This experiment focuses on the follow four questions: ...

    Three treatments were performed for both carrots and potatoes, including (1) unblanched; (2), blanched for predetermined term; and (3), over blanched, blanched for 15 min. two trays of food were used in each treatment. d. Blanching time for the second treatment was determined by the following steps: (1), place small

  2. The functional part of the kidney are called the Nephrons, in each of the ...

    The Bowman's capsule contains a dense capillary network called the glomerulus. Blood flows into these capillaries through a wide afferent arteriole and leaves through a narrower efferent arteriole. The control of water by the kidney takes place through a process known as ultra-filtration.

  1. Discuss the biology of Alzheimers disease

    In the nerve cells, there are normally tau proteins that bind together and contribute to the stability of neurons (Maslow, K, 2008). However, the defective tau, tangled and twisted fails to perform these actions, thus the neurons are no longer stabilised.

  2. OBJECTIVES: To determine the fragility of the erythrocyte membrane against the hemolytic effect of ...

    Test tube is shaking carefully and centrifuged for 9 minutes at the velocity of 2000 rpm. 5. Supernatant is transferred to labeled cuvettes. 6. Using supernatant from the test tube, which is labeled 0.85% NaCl as reference (0% haemolysis)

  1. Investigation of the effect of increasing amount of lead nitrate on hydrolysis of starch ...

    As the concentration of lead nitrate increases there are decreasing amylase activity. Amylase activity in this case has been calculated by the conversion of starch iodide complex measured by colorimeter.

  2. Comparing and and contrasting the endocrine system with the nervous system in their control ...

    The hypothalamus is the main control centre that interacts with the nervous and endocrine system to maintain homeostasis (Bradley & Calvert 2011). It has been learn that most of the cells in the body send signal molecules to the extracellular fluid, and which can influence other cells at a distance (Bradley & Calvert 2011).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work