• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Leadership- Winston Churchill

Extracts from this document...


Name: Rebecca Deeran Module: Leadership and Organisations Tutor Name: Anne Coggins Student Number: 17001531 Deadline: 17th December 2010 Assessment 2: Leadership Winston Churchill This report looks critically at leadership styles and the effectiveness of Winston Churchill's leadership and look at how leadership theories were actively demonstrated by Churchill. There are many definitions of leadership that have been derived from studies throughout the years. Daft (2000) stated "leadership is an influence relationship among leaders and followers who intend real changes and outcomes that reflect their shared purpose"i. I feel that for leadership to be effective, a shared purpose and vision needs to be created as demonstrated by Churchill. Churchill inspired and motivated people and rallied them behind the war effort to fight for their country. The vision he created was victory and no surrender in order to achieve a 'Greater' Britain. Winston Churchill was born in 1874 in Oxfordshire, and during his life held a number of senior public appointments, firstly in 1911 when he was First Lord of Admiralty and held this post in the first few months of World War 1 but resigned after being blamed for the disastrous Dardanelles expedition and rejoined the army. In 1924 Churchill was Chancellor of the Exchequer. In 1940 Neville Chamberlain resigned as Prime Minster and Churchill took overii. ...read more.


Churchill was partly an achievement orientated leader (appendix 7) and partly a directive leader. The characteristics of achievement orientated leadership are setting challenging goals for followers, and expecting them to perform to high standards, displaying confidence that followers will perform well, best used when the task is complex and when followers lack sufficient drive. Churchill displays the characteristics within this model in all areas and an example is that he set goals uniting Britain, saving democracy and winning the war which to many seemed impossible. Then I followed this up and looked at the four areas that affect a leader, these being subordinates, outcomes, work environments and the leader (appendix 8). An example of the effect of outcomes on Churchill's leadership was that he managed to secure the support of America in 1941 and Best (2010) stated "without whose material help - and better, military alliance - Britain, he well understood, had no chance of winning"vii. I feel that Churchill was a directive leader when comparing him to the directive leadership model (House 1971) as he possessed all of the required characteristics, in particular his ability to speak effectively, which can be shown through a quote from Ignatius J Reilly "It may not be an exaggeration to say that in 1940, Winston Churchill saved the world, and instrumental in doing that were the incredible power of his speeches"viii, this clearly supports the notion of Churchill being an effective speaker. ...read more.


Churchill throughout his life displayed this leadership, he showed the characteristics within the model. Whilst he was Prime Minster he showed personal humility by channelling his ambition to over come Nazi Germany and demonstrated to the whole country that he would do whatever was necessary to win the war. Overall I would state that leadership styles vary according to various situations. I feel effective leadership is a process where leaders uses their leadership skills to influence followers and in return achieves the set goal/s. After looking at all the models and applying these to Winston Churchill's leadership style it is clear that the reason why he was so effective was because he demonstrated traits such as communicating, self confidence, confidence to others etc. These traits contributed to his effectiveness. I believe that Churchill did all that he could to express himself. Warren Bennis (1998) summed this up as "leaders know what they want, why they want it, how to communicate what they want to others in order to gain cooperation and support"xvii. This is what Churchill did during a period of crisis. What would have happened if Churchill had not shared social identity with his followers, would he have been a leader that no-one spoke about today? If you delegate leadership then this clearly means you are progressively relinquishing the role of leader. Churchill clearly demonstrated that leadership is the one job which a leader cannot delegate. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Human Resource Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Human Resource Management essays

  1. No one best style of leadership

    Marks and Spencer may have been adopting a path-goal category, creating job security for their workers. The firm's recruitment policies were focused internally, promoting internal vacancies and scope for promotion. This was a key success in the past for Marks and Spencer.

  2. Transformational Leadership. Transformational leadership involves the provision of leader influence on subordinates, but ...

    ), creating a combined theory of leadership. For example, according to F. Fiedler, there are three main variables that are present in group processes and influence the effectiveness of the leader and the group as a whole: the nature of the relationship between leader and group members, the degree of

  1. Leadership. There are many styles or ways that a leader can use to motivate ...

    One mistake and one's company can be shut down. Employees know their rights, pay at equivalent organizations. Retention is becoming very difficult. Hencethe manager has to be careful and informed. He must act responsively. Biasnessof any kind should not be made and he should be ethical,than only he will be a real leader.

  2. Management and leadership within health visiting team in Edmonton locality.

    is happening within our practice at present as there are no mentors, no clinical supervisors and no personal supporter apart from child protection supervision. This does not reflect well on the Trust's recruitment and retention strategy for Improving Working Lives (IWL)

  1. What are the attributes of an effective leader? Discuss with reference to well ...

    "Leadership is not about position or title. It's about relationships, credibility, and what you do."(Kouzes and Posner, 2002, p. 383). There are many leadership theories that have formed our recent perception of leadership. This essay looks at some of the most common theories and leadership styles.

  2. Group Theory and Leadership

    Social Aspects of Groups in Organization In an organization much of social behaviour takes place in groups. Interests of management in group working have increased efficiently. Managements are highly using teams to arrange the work, expecting that teams will deliver more than individuals.

  1. International Leadership & HRM The effective leadership model

    And through the in-depth discussion internationalization and localization of different characteristics, to make examples that should notice items and skills in leadership. 1. The Leadership Style There have discussing in academics, which is the best leadership; what kind of leadership style can bring remarkable performance for organizations.

  2. The link between national culture and leadership style. Can one expect discrepancies between the ...

    individualism-collectivism, 2) uncertainty avoidance, 3) power distance and 4) masculinity, long-term orientation. These five dimensions are confirmed by gathered data from many different sources (Hofstede, 2001). The analysis made by Sondergaard showed that the dimensions of Hofstede are largely corroborated (Sondergaard, 1994). Hofstede?s concept of power distance shows how the different types of leadership behaviours are preferred within a particular culture.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work