• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine how classes have different class conditions, communities and values in both North and South and The Road to Wigan Pier

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked ?Capital is reckless of the health or length of life of the labourer, unless under compulsion from society? ? Karl Marx: In light of this view examine how ?classes have different class conditions, communities and values? in both ?North and South? and ?The Road to Wigan Pier? Introduction: Elizabeth Gaskell?s social novel is set in the industrial town of Milton in the North of England. Where protagonist Margaret has been involuntary forced out of her home and settles with her parents in Milton. The industrial revolution progressively takes impact leaving employers and workers clashing in the first organised strikes. Margaret is in favour of equality between the classe and among the working class citizens of Darkshire she encounters Bessy Higgins. The wedge between John Thornton, a mill manufacturer, and Margaret Hale steadily increases, yet, they confide in one another till the very end of the novel. The novel reflects Margaret?s understanding of the complexity of labour relations and her impact on mill owners, and her conflicted relationship with John Thornton. Similarly, George Orwell?s sociological investigation ?The Road to Wigan Pier? accounts of the bleak living conditions among the working class in Lancashire in the first half of his work. The second half is an essay focused on middle-class upbringing and questioning British attitudes towards socialism. The investigation opens new ideas for readers about the conditions both working class and middle class faced, and challenges stereotypes attached to these classes. Ideas based on ?class condition, community and values? can be identified in both ?North and South? and ?The Road to Wigan Pier?. Both authors share a similar view on society and sympathise for the working class throughout the texts. ...read more.


Having ?faith? not in religion but the ?union? was as ironic at the time. This was because the Church of England was very powerful during the 1800s. Religion affected the behaviour of ordinary people and had great influence over people?s life, yet, at the same time, the first seeds of doubt were sown. Working class weren?t usually very religious hence having faith in something socially constructed as the ?union? helped form a strong working class community. Those striking hold a great emphasis of faith hoping they will change and challenge the current system. This educates the audience that the working class had a strong community in the late 1800s as most individuals faced the same situation and would come together to form one solution. However, modern readers may respond with shock. Individuals within society today are aware of the vast amount of help available for those who need it such as occupational centres for unemployed citizens. COMPARISON Orwell focuses on the different subcultures formed within the working class community. Orwell investigates the different groups and explains why an individual cannot be place themselves in a category, but, groups of people can be categorised into different sectors from society based on judgements on occupation, values and dialect. The working class community is fragmented with many subcultures involved. Some employed, some unemployed, leaving some with basic literacy skills whilst other have none. Orwell has meets a few people who have acquired the ability to succeed with their righteous educational background ?to meet unemployed men of genuine literary ability? was considered rare at the time. ?Genuine literary ability? refers the skill set as well as mind set for the love of learning. ...read more.


‘The average gross earning per week is £2 15s. 2d’, coal mining is a dangerous industry with a ‘little under than 1,300 being killed every year’ ‘and one in six being injured’. Although the figures show the danger of being a coal miner, employment has improved the lives of many as well as their standards of living. Brooke’s essay focuses on employment being beneficial In Britain during the 1950s, working class living standards were undeniably improved by full employment and comprehensive welfare provision (Brooke, 2001). As a result of this those employed from a working class background value their jobs. Values differ to both working and middle class civilians. Society enable people to believe their values despite not changing much, an example of this is the continuous strikes that members of the working class community had held against their trade union. Both authors clearly explore how values were represented in society during two different time periods. In the 1800s people valued their image mostly middle class citizens valued this. In comparison to working class in the late 1900s wanted a job in order to provide food over the table. Conclusion: Class conditions, community and values are explored similarly in both texts. Both Orwell and Gaskell clearly show how classes are represented through two different time periods and illustrate how society would perceive the working class and the middle class. Class is a dominant theme in both texts and overlap with the two other subject matters of this essay. Both writers briefly talk about communities and values and how these are formed through class backgrounds. For example a working class community will share similar values in comparison to a middle class community having different values. Both writers clearly focus on how class shapes individuals and what their position is in society with their beliefs and values and the community they belong in. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Criticism & Comparison section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Criticism & Comparison essays

  1. A well-known movie is Minority Report, which uses several themes from Oedipus the King.

    This film thus proves that fate cannot be defeated. Even when John Anderton decided to arrest the victim rather then kill him, in the end Mr. Crowe still dies. It also shows that fate might not always be clear. This is because the vision of Crowe?s death is with John killing him but in reality Crowe killed himself.

  2. Jane Eyre Is A Feminist Novel: Discuss.

    Her final oppressor, St. John had quite strong opinions of the purpose of women and thought that a woman?s worth was only recognised only when she devoted her life to a man. He thought that it was an honour for Jane, if she married him and helped him with his work in India.

  1. Compare and Contrast the Roles of Gender in The Yellow Wallpaper and The Bluest ...

    is also a practical physician believing that Jane is suffering from no more than a ?slight hysterical tendency? and for this he prescribed her the rest cure, confining her to the nursery and preventing her from exercising her mind in way that could be deemed creative, whilst also treating her in the same manner as he would a juvenile by.

  2. Cold War Literature - the particular ways of thinking present throughout the Cold War ...

    Apart from a criticising intelligence work, Le Carre also questions both the direction and morality/amorality of humanity itself. Through the use of ?benefit?, the reader is forced to ask if any death is a ?benefit? to society, allowing contextual components to come into play.

  1. Compare the ways in which Philip Larkin and Carol Ann Duffy present the theme ...

    Similarly, ?The Suicide? provides as an example of how death can be cryptic as the persona presents a gothic scene breathlessly. The irregularly long opening line coupled with the pathetic fallacy in ?bitter moon? and ?smudgy clouds? conveys the speaker's rambling tone and her disorganised state of mind as she appears to plan her own death.

  2. Write a comparison of the ways in which ideas about female transgression is presented ...

    On the other hand, the Lady of Shalott?s death could be seen as her release. Transcending beyond society and breaking the rules could make her death the symbol of liberation, demonstrating how limiting society is, as death is seen better than life.

  1. Comparing "That surprising Craig girl!" advert (Text 25), and the online news article "Why ...

    It is similar to Text 25 with the use of pictures to act as an eye-catching focal point in the article, however the pictures also have a different purpose. The picture of the young, healthy person eating a greasy, fattening kebab is meant shock the reader because it is perceived

  2. Our identity in a community is determined by ones own internal emotional view of ...

    This extended metaphor shows how having a lack of structure or authority leads to chaos and isolation 4. Similarly, in Winton?s novel this aspect of literature is shown through the quote ?I liked books ? the respite and privacy of them ? books about plants and the formation of ice and the business of world wars.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work