Equality, Diversity & Rights

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Hayley Baxter

Unit 2

Equality, Diversity

And Rights

Benefits of diversity to society and the effects of discrimination on service users

For this assignment I have been asked to produce a report indentifying the benefits of diversity to society these include factors such as arts, food, education, language, cultural enrichment, tolerance and social cohesion. Within this report I am going to use recognised terminology, to explain the importance of promoting equality, diversity and rights in health and social care settings.

  • Equality as indentified in the oxford dictionary

>The state of being equal. The same size, quantity, quality, extent, level, status etc.


Equality is about creating a fairer society where everyone can participate and have the same opportunity to fulfil their potential. It is about ensuring that there is equal access to health care providers and job opportunities for everyone in our society. Equality is backed by legislation designed to address unfair discrimination based on membership of a particular group. Key legislation acts that best underpin equality include:

  • Race Relations Act 1976,
  • Sex Discrimination Act 1975,
  • Disability Discrimination Act 1995
  • Human Rights Act 1998.

  • Diversity as indentified in the oxford dictionary
    > noun (pl. diversities) 1 the state of being diverse. 2 a diverse range; a variety

Diversity is about recognizing and embracing that everyone is different in a variety of visible and non-visible ways it is important to respect people’s opinions and value their differences. You can relate to these values and differences by age, gender, race, disability and individual beliefs such as cultures and religions, some of these cultures or religions could include Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islamic, Judaism and Sikhism. There are 4800 recognised religions within our world. It is about creating cultures and practices that recognise, respect and value differences. Diversity also includes harnessing the potential to create a productive environment in which diverse needs of the patient can be met in a creative environment. It is about generating a workforce who feels respected and valued, and has the potential fully utilized in order to meet organizational goals. 

‘It is proven that by valuing diversity, organizations bring benefits to the people they work with, their local communities, as well as to themselves’ ()

The benefits of having a diverse country would include the different arts, food and education/language. By the term art’s we mean music, dance, fashion etc. There is now a wide variety of music such as classical, hip-hop, pop, dance, jazz, salsa and many more we never used to hear about. These different types of music are brought to our country from other people from other countries.

‘’Although multiculturalism is not a recent phenomenon within British society, today Britain has become more racially and culturally diverse then previously seen. This is due to many different nationalities choosing Britain as home or in some cases their place of refuge.’’
(BTEC National Health and Social Care, (Book 1) By Nelson Thornes)

These different cultures have vast benefits to society but just as many problems can arise with the opportunity for discrimination this brings. However the government is introducing policies they hope will maximize the benefits of diversity while minimizing the negative effects that can be caused by discrimination; this is evident in the national policies outlining anti-discriminatory practice within the heath service.

Despite anti discriminatory legislation, people’s lives are still affected by prejudice and discrimination. Following the statistics, discrimination still exists in society and even in health care services, but it is not easy to recognise. Discrimination exists in both ways overt and covert. Overt discrimination is the way health care professionals are treating someone differently to another, and can how it can be directly recognised by feelings and attitudes. Overt discrimination means it is open for example, ‘stating upper age limits on job adverts’ Covert discrimination is more invisible and a vulnerable individual is more unaware to realise it. Convert discrimination is concealed and not clearly stated. Discrimination can affect an individual by damaging their quality of life and human well being. Patients who live under pressure from unfair treatment usually live without safety needs and have a low self esteem. By Maslow’s analysis of human needs discrimination it shows how it affects people in negative ways.

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Discrimination may mean that individuals spend their life struggling with low self esteem which is likely to reduce an individual’s opportunity to self actualise. Also, non verbal responses from others can influence an individual to develop an interior sense of self worth, lack of love and belonging can mean that a person believes that they do not belong in our society. The safety and physical needs an individual requires to live are in threat of attack, verbal abuse and feeling unsafe. These individuals are likely to suffer physical damaged from assault, or even mental health issues directly to those people ...

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