Factors Affecting Health and Well-Being.

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Task 2 – Factors effecting health and well- being

Many different factors affect a person’s health and well-being.  Health and well-being mean different things to different people. According to the Oxford dictionary, health is ‘the state of being free from an illness or a disease’ and well-being means ‘the state of being comfortable, healthy or happy.’ A person’s social, economic, cultural and physical environment in how people live their lives has a huge effect on their health and well-being. However a person’s genetics and behaviour also play a significant part in determining an individual’s health and well-being. Good health starts at where we live, where and how we work and learn and where to play.



Diet is a crucial part of the way a person chooses to live their life. It is essential a person has a balanced diet because it has a huge effect on their lives. A balanced diet is a diet that consists of the right nutrients in the right quantities for healthy growth and repair. The Eat Well plate shows the proportions of food groups that should be eaten daily in a well-balanced diet. The east well plate shows that a healthy diet should be high in both fruit and vegetables, and in starchy foods such as bread and pasta. It shows that you should have a smaller amount of dairy products such as milk and cheese and also have sources of protein like meat and fish within your diet. Foods that have are high in sugar or fat are needed in much smaller amounts such as chocolate and crisps. A balanced diet consist of six food groups which are, Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats,  Fibres, Minerals and Vitamins. Carbohydrates are made from simple sugars such a glucose which is used to give us a high amount of energy. Carbohydrates are found in foods such as potatoes, bread, pasta and chocolate. Proteins are made from amino acids which help us with our growth and repair. They are found in eggs, fish, turkey and cheese which all contain high amounts of protein. Fats are made from fatty acids and glycerol which gives an individual a high energy source; butter, ice cream, chocolate and pizza.  Fibres help to prevent constipation, heart disease and diabetes. They are found in breads, cereals and fruits.  However, there are three types of minerals which don’t provide an individual with energy. The three types of minerals are: iron which is good for the blood, calcium which is good for your bones and magnesium which is good for your nerves. All these three types of minerals are found fruits and vegetables. In order to have a balanced diet, vitamins are vital because they are good for our skin, bones, and teeth. Vitamins include vitamin A, B, C, D and E. Vitamins can be found in many products such as butters, milk, eggs, fresh fruit and vegetables. We also need water as part of our diet because we take it in when we eat and drink. Water is important for many different reasons such as chemical reactions take place in our cells when we drink water.

Having an unbalanced diet can have a huge effect on a person’s health and can carry out health risks. An unbalanced diet includes too much or too little of the recommended food group which can cause a person to become malnourished. An unbalanced diet can lead to health problems such as having high blood pressure, tooth decay, diabetes and heart disease. However the most common health problem is obesity. Obesity is when a person is overweight with a high degree of body fat.  Being overweight can create people suffering from diabetes, arthritis, heart disease and breast cancer. On average a physically active man needs around 2,500 calories per day, while a woman needs 2,000. If we eat any more, the extra energy is stored for later use, mostly as fat. A person can become underweight because they have low self-esteem or a poor self-image which will influence their body weight. Being underweight or overweight can put people at risk of dying.


Exercise is very important to keep your body working effectively as it can help improve a person’s health and fitness. According to the NHS, if a person wants to improve their general health, adults should do a minimum of 30 minutes of intense exercise for 5 days a week.  If a person doesn’t exercise on a regular basis it can lead to chronic disease and obesity. A person takes part in team sports or games it can improve their social, mental and physical health. It can improve their social health because they’re meeting new people so they’re able to make new friends and socialise with people. Exercising can also improve someone’s mental health because it can help an individual to lose weight, improve their posture and body shape so they can be more confident about their shape. Exercising also has mental benefits as it can improve an individual’s confidence and relieve their stress/tension so it can make them feel good. If an individual doesn’t exercise it can lead a person to being overweight which means they have a higher risk of developing heart disease, strokes and diabetes. Exercise has many benefits to it, for example it can promote good sleeping habits, reduce both stress and depression. Exercising can also lead to suppleness and stamina as well as improving a person’s respiratory, cardiovascular and circular system. Exercise can help to prevent many diseases such as bowel cancer as exercise can speed up the path of food through the colon so it will prevent constipation. If a person exercises on a regular basis and eats sensibly it is more likely the person has good health. There are many different types of ways to exercise such as running, swimming, walking and cycling.

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Exercise is necessary in order to stimulates the body’s own natural maintenance and repair their system.  A persons bones, joints and muscles and especially their heart, will all stay stronger if they keep them busy. However if a person is not physically active it can increase health risks in many ways. It can have huge risks to a person because it can increase their chances of being overweight, having strokes, high bloody pressure, coronary heart disease and a flabby body. It can also mean that a person has a poorer posture, stiffer joints, little energy and osteoporosis. Not exercising can ...

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