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Psychological perspectives P1

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School of Health, Social Care and Early Years Assignment Cover Sheet and Assignment Task(s) National Diploma in Health and Social Care 2009 / 2010 Student Name: Joanne Watson Class Group 1J Tutor Name: Ida Kee Information about Your Assignment Task(s) Unit No: 8 Assignment~ Task No: 1a Unit Title: Psychological Perspectives for Health and Social Care Assessment Evidence: Written assignment Assessment Criteria being addressed: P1 Hand out Date: Mon 5th Oct. Hand in Date: Mon 2nd Nov. Common Guidance for all your Assignment Tasks- In order to achieve merit and distinction criteria your work must have a Reference list. It is vital that work is submitted on the 'hand in date'. Late work will receive only limited feedback, the highest grade you will be able to achieve is a PASS. Declaration That All Work is Your Own- I declare that the work contained in this assessment is all my own work. 1. I have not copied work from another student. 2. I have not copied work directly from the notes given to me by my tutors. ...read more.


Classical conditioning This is a theory which was originally developed by Ivan Pavlov in his experiments on a dog salivating when being shown food, it was discovered when the dog had learned the arrival of the assistant meant food was coming and so the dog salivated early (before even smelling the food.) from this experiment we can understand why classical conditioning is to do with association, some psychologists (evolutionary) say that some of the prehistoric phobias were survival related for example associating heights or oceans of water with death therefore creating the phobia of heights and water which make you avoid them in order to avoid death. In my opinion this makes sense, in the same way that animals and prehistoric hums would have avoided brightly coloured berries as they were poisonous. Applying classical conditioning to the health and social care sector Like any behaviourist theory of learning, classical conditioning helps explain certain behaviourisms and why we do specific things that we do. For instance it can help explain why people have phobias or eating disorders due to a food aversion. ...read more.


to treat and needs to taken great care that the patient makes a little progress rather than to un-do all the work and development which has been made. To help treat people with addictions such as alcohol, classical conditioning is used like in the case of George Best where he was given medication which had no effect unless he drank any alcohol when he would become violently sick, for a while the patient may still drink alcohol but once they have become so sick they will eventually avoid drinking the alcohol because they associate it with the unpleasant vomiting. In conclusion My conclusion is that classical conditioning is still used a lot in health and social care setting although more so to help people who have specific illnesses/addictions or fears, rather than helping to improve behaviour or learn mentally challenged children to overcome their habits such as bed wetting which is wear the operant conditioning would come into place. The two theories are both good although would both be used in very different situations. ?? ?? ?? ?? Psychological Perspectives in Health and Social Care Task 1 Joanne Watson Page 1 of 4 ...read more.

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