What Rosa parks done was spark the civil rights movement as buses in the south were lightening rods for civil right activists. It was because of her actions that led to the Montgomery bus boycott which overturned segregation and integrated the buses. If it wasn’t for her courageous efforts then the Montgomery bus system would have continued to discriminate against black passengers and the civil rights movement wouldn’t have been sparked. Rosa parks overcame racial discrimination at the time by making the buses integrate which improved life for black people today as this type of discrimination no longer occurs.
The NAACP was a group of black and white people determined to achieve equality and justice for African Americans. This association was formed to discuss present evils, the voicing of protests and the renewal of the struggle for civil and political liberty. The NAACP issued a call in 1909 which was an emotional appeal to reform society by discussing African American segregation and disenfranchisement at a national conference. The main activities that the NAACP carried out included legal aid, mass meetings to discuss injustices suffered, investigations into lynching’s and publicise the injustices suffered by African Americans. The NAACP would publish issues of a magazine called the crisis which would publicise injustices suffered by African Americans. Evidence that the crisis publicised injustices was in the primary source of the issue in May 1914 which features a paragraph of a person being lynched. “Some yelled hang him, some to burn him alive”, “then a yell went up from the crowd to shoot him and in an instant there were several hundred shots and the creature fell in his tracks”. These quotes from the primary source show how the NAACP used this magazine to publicise the injustices suffered by the black community to the white community. In doing this the NAACP was completing what it set out to complete and this was making the injustices apparent to the community so that the success of the Civil rights campaign would be possible.
The NAACP was one of the most successful organisations in the 50s and 60s in achieving equality and increasing the success of the civil rights movement as they devoted all their time to publicising the injustices and helping those who have suffered. The NAACP helped change life today as its efforts forced governments to pass laws and bills like the 3 anti lynching bills and the banning of extremely racist movies like the birth of a nation which advocated racism and violence.
The event that took place in Birmingham shocked the United States and the entire world as they realised how violent and unjust their actions were when it came to dealing with African Americans. The violence was so brutal that the “stars fell on Alabama” which is evident in the primary source which appeared in the Baltimore evening sun. The source shows stars falling off the American flag and down onto Birmingham. This shows the audience that what happened at Birmingham was shameful and that acts like that are slowly destroying the country and its prestige. In 1963 following martin Luther kings release from jail for earlier marches, 1000 students walked and sang in segregation. Police responded by arresting 90 per cent of these students aged between 6 and 16. King organised another march the following day where 2500 people of all age groups marched. Police responded brutally with clubs, attack dogs and electric cattle prods. Fire-fighters turned their high pressure hoses on the demonstrators knocking them into walls and onto the pavement. The horror of this could be seen in the two primary sources, the first showing the police releasing the dogs on a black man and the man is being bitten in the arm, the second shows the B.F.D opening high pressure hoses on the demonstrators smashing them across the pavement. Newspapers published these photographs all over the world. After this President Kennedy sent troops to restore order in Birmingham. People marched again a few days later and the police chief ordered police to again turn fire hoses but they refused. This shows us how significant the event was as it made those racists feel bad and shameful in what they done that they will no longer do this. This event was very important as it marked the success of the entire civil rights campaign as after this President Kennedy called on congress to pass more civil rights laws and then the civil rights bill became law when LBJ signed it on 4th of July 1964. This event shows us how the e hall overcome slogan was the capital force in driving people to strive for equal rights. That people constantly held this believe and together with their moral courage they mad the civil rights law happen.
In conclusion the slogan was truly the capital force the drove individuals like Rosa Parks, groups like the NAACP and people who took part in events like that in Birmingham to overcome racial discrimination and segregation, thus achieving civil rights and equality. These people and groups helped determine the success of the civil rights movement through their courage and determination.