• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline ways in which Stalinism deviated from the principles of Leninism

Extracts from this document...


Outline ways in which Stalinism deviated from the principles of Leninism Soviet communism was shaped by the decisive personal contribution of the two Bolshevik leaders, Lenin and Stalin. Lenin was both a revolutionist and an Orthodox, where he remained faithful to the idea of revolution. He believed that parliamentary politics were just a Bourgeois pretence, seeking out to deceive the proletariat into believing that political power could be exercised through the ballot box. Lenin echoed Marx's call for transitional dictatorship of the proletariat to overthrow capitalism and achieve 'full communism'. However unlike Marx, Lenin believed there needed to be a new kind of political party, a revolutionary party or vanguard party to develop a revolutionary class-consciousness for the proletariat as he thought the working class were all deluded by the ideas and beliefs of the Bourgeois. ...read more.


According to Lenin, the government would cause the revolution. Especially by particular groups of people like the secret police. It would be when the communist party is ready to attack the weak capitalist government. As Lenin puts it 'War is the locomotive of history. Just as Lenin, Stalin did use the secret police and labour camps but on a greater scale. He used them to an extent where he was alleged to have built up a 'cult of personality' and personally responsible for the brutality and suffering of the 1930's. Where Lenin had helped the success of the Soviet Union becoming a major industrial power expanding with the establishment of communist rule in Eastern Europe, Stalin dilapidated this idea and considered it as a form of 'bureaucratic degeneration'. ...read more.


During October 1917 Revolution Lenin planned 'Coup d'etait' from exile where he set clearly all his theories and saw the aftermath as much more important. During that aftermath Stalin saw it as a re-writing of history. The central belief of Euro communism was rejection of the Leninist idea of revolution in favour of a gradual and peaceful transition towards socialism. Euro communist principles departed fundamentally from those of Orthodox Marxism-Leninism by accepting the principle of political pluralism and relinquishing their ambition to establish one-party communist rule. Lenin understood historical materialism creating a classless society but taking time for this process to further a do. Stalin conversely does not believe in historical materialism, instead he believes in Dialectic materialism. Where one can remove class antagonism but not class division i.e. Terrorism. Politics Homework ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. In the process of consolidating his position, Napoleons reforms, had by 1808, destroyed the ...

    But what was it that the Revolution represented? Though it is common knowledge that the Revolution embodied the phrase, "Liberty, Equality and Fraternity", did the French Revolution put into practice the principles it claimed to idolise? The historian Fran´┐Żois Furet believed that "the Revolution had been blown 'off course' after the destruction of the monarchy and had become

  2. Russia and its Locomotive of History

    It could even be argued that Alexander II never really planned to change anything, but rather tried to appease all members of the society whilst in parallel maintaining the autocratic order with his powerful position. The lives of the peasants in some aspects did not dramatically change, as they were still tied to the 'Mir'.

  1. To what extent can Lenin be considered the begetter of Stalinism? Frank Carson - ...

    One such historian writes 'Excesses were the essence of historical Stalinism, and they are what really require explanation'2. Identified here is the fact that many of the ideas and practices seen under Lenin were continued and most importantly, developed by Stalin.

  2. Compare the Characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin

    Not only was Russia a communist country for the next seventy years, he set a one party state, where only one political party were allowed and changed the government from an autocracy to a dictatorship. This was a long term change as dictatorship remained for many years and completely overturned the autocratic government that had existed for centuries.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work