Why did Germany lose World War Two?

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Why did Germany lose World War Two?

There are many reasons why Germany lost World War Two, namely Hitler’s underestimation of the Red Army, America joining the war and in turn their ability to rearm and produce a viable army and Hitler’s obsessive campaign to invade the USSR. However the reason which I believe has the most weight is Hitler’s miscalculations of both America and the Red Army.

Hitler was the supreme commander of Germany throughout the war so it seems inevitable that his decisions must be responsible for Germany losing the Second World War. He refused to listen to anyone else’s advice, not even his own officers’. He thought that he knew best in every situation when, of course, he did not. He over-stretched both himself and his armies. An examination of his decisions should therefore reveal why Germany lost.

Hitler's approach to Operation Barbarossa illustrates how unrealistic his thinking was and his total lack of understanding of the value of lives. Although before the Operation the fighting had gone quite well and he had advanced quite far from the East, Operation Barbarossa went wrong. He refused to let his troops retreat from Russia after the Operation had almost definitely failed, as he thought his troops were being cowards, although it was almost inevitable that they would suffer large losses and a massive defeat. Hitler was misguided and instead of heading straight for Moscow which would have most likely led to the Russian’s surrendering, he instead focussed too many of his troops on capturing the oil fields in the Caucuses and the food in the Ukraine, necessities for building his Arian race. When he eventually got as close as twenty miles away from Moscow, Hitler’s soldiers are exposed and Stalin releases his Siberian soldiers.
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Hitler’s underestimation of the Russian’s played a large part in the German defeat. The German attackers believed that Soviet Communism was a corrupt and primitive system that would collapse “like a pack of cards”. The evidence of how poorly the Red Army fought in 1941 confirmed theses expectations. More than five million Soviet soldiers were captured or killed in six months; they fought with astonishing bravery, but at every level of combat were out-classed by troops that were better armed, better trained and better led. The situation seemed beyond help and yet within a year Soviet factories were ...

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