• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was there a revolution in Feburary 1917?

Extracts from this document...


Why was there a revolution in Feburary 1917? The Russian revolution of 1917 was a series of events in imperial Russia that culminated in 1917 with the establishment of the Soviet state that later became known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). The sequences of the events prior to 1917, and their consequences lay at the core of understanding the reasons for the Russian revolution. The first revolution overthrew the autocratic imperial monarchy. It began with a revolt on February 23rd, 1917, according to the old style calendar then used in Russia. The second revolution, which opened with the armed insurrection on October 24th, organised by the Bolsheviks, effected a change in all economic, political, and social relationships in Russian society; it is often named the Bolshevik, or October revolution. The underlying, long-term reasons for the Russian revolution are rooted deep in Russia's history. One of them was that the Tsarist family had ruled Russia for nearly three hundred years. Despite the fact that there was a parliament, the Duma, it had little influence. In effect it was an autocracy. This meant that the Tsar had total power. Some politicians and non-politicians aspired to making Russia more democratic. ...read more.


(1) The tiny spark that started a blaze of public disorder occurred when an angry old woman threw a stone and broke a baker's shop window. Others joined in, and the next day more shops were stoned and looted. On February 26th Nicholas II dissolved the Duma; the deputies accepted the decree but reassembled privately and elected a provisional committee of the State of Duma to act in its place. On February 27th the revolutionary mood triumphed. Regiment after regiment of the Petrograd garrison went over to the people. Within 24 hours the entire garrison, approximately 150,000 men, joined the revolution, and the united workers and soldiers took control of the capital. The uprising claimed about 1500 victims. On February 27th the provisional committee of the Duma announced that it would handle restoration of order, and on February 28th it placed its commissars in charge of the ministries. The provisional committee formed the Provisional Government and demanded the abdication of the Tsar. The provisional Government faced an appallingly difficult task. In the midst of war and threatening economic collapse and social anarchy, it had somehow to establish itself as the legitimate government. Advised by his generals that he lacked the support of the country, Nicholas II informed the delegates on March 2nd that he was abdicating in favour of his brother, Grand Duke Michael. ...read more.


On the night of 25th October 1917 the Bolsheviks seized control of the Winter Palace in Petrograd almost without firing a shot. The authority of the government had virtually collapsed for some weeks before the Bolsheviks seized the Winter Palace with a relatively insignificant group of ill-armed Red Guards. These led to the establishment of the Bolsheviks Party as the ruling power. For many in the Soviet Union and around the world, the Revolution was an attempt to create a better society, which went dreadfully and cruelly wrong. But for many, including the last leader of the Communist Party Mikhail Gorbachev, the ideals rather than the reality had a profound and lasting influence. The impact of the Russian revolution on 20th century history has been profound. Many historians see it as probably the defining event of the century. BLIOGRAPHY CARR, E. H. - A History of Soviet Russia, (Macmilan) CARR, E. H. - The Bolshvik Revolution, 1917-23, Vol. 2 (Pelican, 1966) HOSKING, G. - A History of the Soviet Union, (Fontanna/Collins, 1985) McAULEY, M. - The Soviet Union since Ninteen Seventeen (Longmans, 1981) NOVE, A. - An Economic History of the U.S.S.R. (Penguin, 1989) Quotes (1) Collection of posters on Russian Revolutionary postcards, private collection. (2) BBC Library Archives. (3) Collection of posters on Russian Revolutionary postcards, private collection. Other Sources Internet sites: - www.thehistorychannel.co.uk/classroom/alevell/revol.htm - www.barnsdle.demon.co.uk/russ/rusrev.html - www.barnsdle.demon.co.uk/russ/datesr.html - www.onwar.com/aced/data/romeo/russia1917feb.htm 1 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Moon Landing: Conspiracy or Reality?

    true, would have been possible to survive the space flight to the moon through the Van Allen belt with out any dramatic consequences. Another point of interest for the conspiracy believers is the time lapse between the conversations of the astronauts and the NASA technicians, who were in constant communication.

  2. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    * The League could use two types of sanctions to punish a country, which broke the Covenant. Economic Sanctions banned trade; Military Sanctions meant a declaration of war by each member. * The Council of Ambassadors often took decisions, because the Council and Assembly only met occasionally.


    This was justified by the need to industrialise quickly. * Stakhanovites - shock workers who exceeded daily norms - helped raise output. In 1935 Alexei Stakhanov had cut 102 tons of coal in one single shift - 14 times the norm.

  2. Nothing short of war could have any effect on the Russian system of government- ...

    Subsequently, the long drawn out wars slowly demoralised the Russian people and resulted in discontent. Aside from destroying any pride they had in the "system", they were subjected to witnessing the death of their comrades and the draining of their country.

  1. American History.

    Chief Justice John Marshall, continued to uphold federal over states' rights and protect business interests, even after the DRs became a majority in 1811. Marshall was also responsible for elevating the stature of the judicial branch, especially through Marbury v.

  2. Russia: a Century of Upheaval.

    Yet, despite all the supposed advantages, they were completely defeated. The reasons behind this are quite evident in hindsight, although they had a common enemy; the anti communists were by no means friends. Almost every single group claimed legal leadership of the country, and at one point there were 20 different governments.

  1. How Stable Was the Tsarist Autocracy in 1914?

    For the liberals of this world, "1905 marked a turning point." Whilst one tends to agree with the liberals in saying that "the economic... record of tsarism was not unimpressive", neither was it impressive.

  2. Mao Tse-tung, who began as an obscure peasant, died one of history's great revolutionary ...

    His very words were the doctrine of the state. Printed in millions of little red plastic-bound books as "Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse- tung,"they were taken to possess invincible magic properties An Austere Style Although Mao commanded enormous authority--in 1955, in a casual talk with local officials, he overturned the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work