Why was the CPS created?
The obligations of the crown prosecution service (CPS) before 2000 was to instruct independent counsel (barristers) to prosecute cases in the Crown Court and other higher courts. After changes were brought by Access to Justice Act 1999 solicitors who are employed lawyers who have the right qualification could now be able to appear in the Crown court and the higher courts.
The Prosecution of Offences Act 1985 created the CPS, which only came into being in 1996. The Crown prosecution services have the responsibility of prosecuting people who have been charged with a criminal offence in England and Wales. The CPS is headed by under the supervision of an Attorney General the Director of Public Prosecution (DPP). It is an independent body that works with the police, the courts, the home office, the ministry of justice as well as other agencies that are in the criminal justice system such as the RSPCA.
Each year the CPS will have to deal with more than a million cases in the Magistrates court and around 130,000 cases in the Crown court, to deal with this there is around 8,775 staff that are employed by the CPS which is spilt into 3 different groups which are the prosecutors, paralegals and the administrators. The prosecutors are the barristers and lawyers who are called the Crown prosecutors because they have the responsibility to prosecute criminals on the behalf of the Crown court. The second group is the paralegals these are the employees that provide assistance in preparing cases for court to the first group, the Crown prosecutors. The third group is the administrators; these will then help support the work of the Crown prosecutors.