Discuss Explanations of institutional aggression
Institutional aggression is a form of aggression that involves the behaviour of those people in institutions such as the police, security services and the military. Explanations of institutional aggression usually consider two different forces, Dispositional factors which can be explained though the importation model and situational factors which is explained through the deprivation model.
Zimbardo’s prison study highlights the strength of situational forces influencing aggression. This is when anti-social behaviour is shown due to the environment surrounding them. In Zimbardo’s study, guards subjected prisoners to solidarity confinement, humiliation and removed them from basic human rights. In response, prisoners went on hunger strikes, rebelled and showed aggression towards guards. All participants were tested and were found to have no anti-social behaviour which means results from this study are highly in favour that aggression can stem from the environment cues.
Further support was conducted by Paterline et al who argued that prisoner’s aggression is the product of stressful environments of the institution rather than the individual.