• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the Concepts of Anicca and Anatta

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Explain the Concepts of Anicca and Anatta The concepts of anicca and anatta make up two thirds of the three marks of existence, which is the fundamental basis for the Buddhist world view, and essentially, it is that everything in our world is conditioned, impermanent, causes suffering and is dependent on everything else. Buddhists believe that people do not really understand and realise that the world is this way and so they believe this ignorance is the root cause of the suffering they endure. Buddhists believe that in order to achieve enlightenment, individuals must dismantle the ideas they have of the world and themselves so that they may understand how things really are. The Buddhist path relates to freeing yourself from a distorted view of reality and the suffering that it brings. Anicca is the concept that everything is impermanent and changing and implies that nothing is permanent or stays the same. In Buddhism, anicca is believed to be a fact of life; as soon as something comes into existence, its impermanence is guaranteed. ...read more.

Middle

Everything is subject to this change process all the time. It is due to this subtle level of change that change eventually appears visibly at the gross level. The visible changes do not happen suddenly but are instead the result of an accumulation of numerous smaller changes. Buddhists explain that momentary change happens as a continuum of linked moments. Buddhists believe that if individuals realise that everything changes and that everything we experience will eventually come to a natural end, that it will prevent them from hanging onto things and will eventually make things easier when these things happen ? accepting that change is a natural part of life will make us happier. The second mark of existence is Anatta, and Anatta is a concept which is unique to Buddhism and it is developed from the idea of radical impermanence, the fundamental idea of which indicates that nothing has an unchanging essence or ?self?. Everything is made up of lots of constantly changing parts and everything is a process. ...read more.

Conclusion

Nagasena uses the chariot story to explain the concept of anatta. He asks what a chariot is; is it the pole, the axle, the wheels or the reins? The answer is obviously that it is none of these things and is instead a combination of all of them. The Buddha is believed to have said that everything that is perceived by the senses are not really ?I? or ?mine? and therefore people should not cling to them and therefore it is the individual thought that oneself is ?I?, that creates ignorance. It is believed that once a person stops identifying self, they can free themselves from ignorance. This idea relates to the Skandhas which are the five aspects that establish a human being, the Buddha said that identifying any of the Skandhas as ?self? resulted in dukkha (the final mark of existence). These Skandhas are; Form ? the physical world and the material body, Sensation ? individual?s abilities to sense feelings and events, Perception ? how things are seen and reacted to, Mental Formations ? thought processes and Consciousness ? mental awareness. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Buddhism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Buddhism essays

  1. Emergence Of The Buddha

    The Buddha wanted to go to the forests to meditate and reach Nirvana. The Buddha did not want his teachings to be taken as something sacred in itself, but as a means to an end. He made it clear that any teachings, including his own were not to be accepted

  2. Today is a result of yesterday, tomorrow is a result of today.(TM) To what ...

    and can never be a complete guide to our action in the present. This therefore would conclude that if right and wrong actions are only connected with today, and not the past nor future - No actions of yesterday impede on tomorrow.

  1. Teachings Now the ...

    Right understanding: to know and understand the Four Noble Truths. 2. Right attitude: to have three kinds of thoughts or attitudes: (i) Thoughts of renunciation or an attitude of "letting go". (ii) Thoughts of goodwill to others, which are opposed to ill will.

  2. Buddhism is one of the biggest religions founded in India in the 6th and ...

    An entire group of literature grew up around these previous lives of Buddha, called the Jataka or "Birth Stories" (Halverson 154). While we do not know much about the earliest forms of Buddhism, there is some evidence that the earliest followers believed that there was only the one Buddha and that no more would follow.

  1. In what ways and to what extent did the European Enlightenment challenge established sources ...

    Society was ruled by hierarchy with the position of God high up and the position of man low down. The beliefs of the church were considered to be the truth and anyone that questioned God was seen as being a sinner.

  2. Life of the Buddha.

    This garden was near the kingdom called Nepal, at the foot of the Himalayan mountains. The beautiful park with its sala trees and scented flowers and busy birds and bees attracted the queen. Since the park was a good resting place, the queen ordered the bearers to stop for a while.

  1. A discussion of the Buddhist beliefs about Buddha and Christian beliefs about Christ

    Although some Christians may believe in every aspect of Jesus' birth, I believe that the truth has been embellished to increase the symbolism in the story. The story of Siddhartha's birth may also hold some truth as the Queen Maya may have had a caesarean, and this was exaggerated to signify the importance of the Buddha.

  2. Buddhism - Select, describe and explain the events in the life of Siddhartha Gautama ...

    The devil then left and Siddhartha carried on meditating until he became enlightened, and experienced the peace of Nirvana. He had found a whole new way of seeing and relating to life. Siddhartha now became called the Buddha, or enlightened one.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work