• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent do official crime statistics provide a realisable estimate of the amount of crime committed in England and Wales

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent do official crime statistics provide a realisable estimate of the amount of crime committed in England and Wales? The Criminal Justice System is an area of the English Legal System that strikes a balance between punishing the guilty and protecting the innocent. This balance has been the subject of much debate in the last 20 years because there has been a large number of miscarriages of justice, where innocent citizens/ people are sent to prison. This then suggested that the system had tipped this balance too far and was greatly engaged in proving guilt. Examples of high profile cases that show some of these miscarriages of justice are , The Birmingham Six and The Guilford Four. The Criminal Justice System also helps to regulate and control anti - social behaviour. The police play an important role as they have responsibility for investigating crimes, gathering evidence and deciding whether to prosecute or not. These powers over suspects also enables them to help convict the guilty or, as the miscarriages of justice has shown, abuse to convict the innocent. As a result of these miscarriages of justice some changes were introduced to prevent them happening again. The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE) ...read more.

Middle

According to the BCS, the main reasons for not reporting are that the police would not be able to do anything about it. People also tend to report crimes where there is an obvious advantage in them doing so. For example 98% of car thefts are reported presumably because that is necessary in order to make an insurance claim. Other factors which the survey has highlighted are that some crimes are regarded as personal matters, to be sorted out between the individuals; victims may want to protect the offender, particularly in crimes such as child abuse or domestic violence; and the victims are too embarrassed especially when the offence is of a sexual nature. Even where a crime has been reported to ( or discovered by ) the police, it will not necessarily end up being recorded by them because they have a wide discretion regarding the recording of crime. They may see the crime as too trivial to waste their time on (theft of a small amount of money) and in some cases whether an individual's behaviour is regarded as a crime depends on how they label an offender. ...read more.

Conclusion

So in order to get detailed and accurate crime figures; * Stereotypical view of criminals should be erased. Most officers suggest that most crime is committed by young, working-class, black males and sometimes are more heavily represented than might be expected from the proportion of the population that they make up. * Reality of crime statistics should be presented not the picture of crime as a whole. In some geographical groups or areas, police are too busy trying to picture the whole frame of crime and in doing so forget the reality of crimes statistics for these minor groups or areas. * There should be more police on the streets so that as people get more familiar with them, they'll have more confidence to report more. * Repeat victimisation should be reflected properly as they help to make decisions on policy and allocation of resources. So six burglaries in the same estate should not be recorded as one. * All police force should be made to report crime in similar ways in order to make figures comparable. Which includes recording anything reported as a crime as a crime. And also no crime should be seen as too 'trivial', as only a few of summary offences are reported. ?? ?? ?? ?? Seun Alli - Shobande. LAW. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Why is so much crime committed in urban areas?

    To a more centralised police force that concentrate their resources on fighting the more organised crimes, has led to communities feeling alienated from the justice system, and a distrust of the police to be willing to help. A report in the Sunday times (December 2004)

  2. Free essay

    Assess the view that crime and deviance is the result of labelling, the media ...

    So Miller has got similar views to why people deviate in society that Cohen saying that it is the individual that chooses to deviate or not. The labelling theory unlike Millers theory fails to analyse the source of this power to deviate.

  1. Are women underrepresented in crime statistics because of sexism within the criminal justice system?

    known that sexual harassment against women in the workplace is widespread in many industries. Heidensohn argues that this control restricts women in regards to the opportunities they will have and so views low rates of female crime not as the result of agencies of control not seeing women as criminals,

  2. Stratification of crime. Most crime is committed by teenagers. Men are convicted of more ...

    In 2001, 167 per 10 000 of the male population were found guilty or cautioned for an offence compared to 3.7 per 10 000 of the female population. Men are convicted of more crime than women. Men are suspected, charged and convicted of crime of all types more than women

  1. Discuss the accuracy of Crime Statistics in The Uk

    still under the 'iceberg effect' where a lot of the crime that is committed cannot be seen. There are other reasons why crimes may not be reported to or recorded by the police. For example, a victim of a minor offence may report a crime to the police, but in

  2. Free essay

    Assess the extent to which we can uncover the true figure of crime.

    Some crimes are recorded, but due to work loads of officers may later be removed from records and classified as 'non-crimes' in order to decrease heavy work schedules. A second problem with official crime statistics is that many crimes go unreported, particularly domestic violence and sexual abuse; this is due

  1. crimes committed by males and females

    Many sociologists argue that these aggressive characteristics are brought about through the way in which male and female are socialised. According to one approach, girls are socialised differently to boys. The values that girls are brought up to hold are those that simply do not lead to crime.

  2. Poverty and Crime rates

    If one commits a crime in Canada they feel guilty and very afraid of the horrible outcomes such as all of the punishments and years in prison they have to deal with. Therefore, the population of Canada would tend to commit fewer crimes in fear of the outcomes.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work