• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explaining what an organisational structure is, going through organisation chart and giving examples of different kinds of organisational structures.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Task three - organisational structure In this task I will be explaining what an organisational structure is, going through organisation chart and giving examples of different kinds of organisational structures. I will also be going through a chain of command and give an example of one. Organisational structure An organisational structure is when employees are grouped into functional areas, which relate to their job, so that people doing similar jobs work in the same area. These areas are then linked in an overall structure. In a large organisation you are likely to find more functional areas than in a small or medium- sized one. The way in which an organisation is structured is shown on its organisation chart. Organisation chart An organisation chart is a diagram, which shows the structure of the organisation. It shows the job titles of employees and their relationship with each other .At the top of the chart are the more senior staff. They have more responsibility than those lower down. * Horizontal links on a chart show staff who work at the same level of each other and who relate to each other. * Vertical links on a chart show the staff for which a particular manager or supervisor is responsible. Jaguars organisation chart + Above the organisation chart shows where certain people should be for a certain job .It also shows who is responsible for which jobs or targets .It ...read more.

Middle

Divisions can be by Function, Product or Geography. By Function MD Sales Finance Production Marketing By Product MD Plastics Fertilises Drugs Cosmetics By Geography MC Donald's (USA) Mc Donald's Mc Donalds Mc Donalds (UK) (France) (Germany) Organisations have problems maintaining a flat structure as they expand. Advantages with a flat structure * Communication is better (because there are less layers of hierarchy) * People are more friendly and sociable * The employees have more responsibility (so they feel valued and they are motivated) Disadvantages with a flat structure * You can only employee a certain amount of staff (so the structure stays flat) * More responsibility to the staff below i.e. this could be a problem because staff may not have the right skills for the job. Each level in the organisation chart has more responsibility and authorities than the level below .I have drawn a diagram to show who has got the most responsibility to who has got the least. It is in a pyramid shape. Managing director Directors Managers Supervisors Shop floor workers Chain of command This is the path down which orders and demands are passed from the top of the organisation to the bottom. In a company this goes from the board of directors down to shop floor workers. Below is an example of one of Jaguars chain of command from the Product Engineering function: Director of product Engineering Manager Production supervisors Team ...read more.

Conclusion

who is not * You cannot tell who is the best worker, nor who willingly takes on additional responsibility, nor who is most likely to get the next promotion. * You cannot tell from the chart weather the style of company is formal or informal, whether management is fair or hash, whether the organisation would be good to work for or not I have thought about some suggestions that could improve Jaguars organisational structure and the way the business functions. * Delayering - large businesses try to resolve this problem by flattening the chain of command by delayering. This involves cutting out large numbers of middle managers and pushing responsibility and decision making further down the chain * Shorter chain of command - otherwise messages can get lost or distorted, it takes longer between decisions being made and action taken and it can be more difficult to make changes, as there are more groups to resist change. * Jaguar could use the Matrix structure - this is where the businesses is organised into different functions (or departments), but people from each department work together on special project teams. E.g. an example of a special project team might be the development of a new product. (E.g. car) a team of people from different department/functions will work together to develop the product. So each member would be in charge of: * Marketing * Production * Human Resources * Finance ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE People in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE People in Business essays

  1. Tesco's different stakeholders are:Employees

    before, they want more customers as more customers means more profit which will give them more money on improving the store to, yet again, gain more money. If the shareholders are not happy because they have been refused longer opening hours because of the customers they might sell their shares.

  2. What are the staff positions in a typical police department? Is there a difference ...

    Supervisors (sergeants at the first-line level) are at the second lowest level of the typical hierarchy pyramid; above only line staff and support personnel. They are "working" managers, meaning they still work amongst their subordinates day to day while leading them.

  1. This report is to investigate Coca Cola Company. On this coursework I will look ...

    one of our most important relationships is the one we share with our bottling partners. In 2003, those relationships became more profitable and productive. 4. Serve customers with creativity and consistency to generate growth across all channels We will continually strive to increase growth for the customers' businesses, helping create a context for the company's growth.

  2. current structure and original structure

    This means that the staff needs to be able to understand the human resource manager. Additionally the human resource manager needs to have good written communication. This means they need to be able to write probably with the correct grammar, spelling and punctuation.

  1. The Organisation

    The members must feel they can trust other members and rely on them if necessary. All information should be shared to every member and decision making is done as a whole group rather than one individual. Members are encouraged to share their feelings and grievances.

  2. Describe and discuss the difficulties encountered when managing organisation wide change in a hierarchical ...

    and operational (evolutionary) change. Yet it is also mentioned that a strategic change can be pursued by both revolutionary and evolutionary means. With this introduction to organisation change, now lets look at how the organisation structure has an impact on these two types of change.

  1. I have decided to investigate a large hotel chain called intercontinental hotels group PLC. ...

    For e.g. if the room has still got old bed sheets the customer will complain and this will look bad on the cleaning department. There rooms should be located near all facilities so they have easier access to them customers don't want to be walking long distance just to go to the bar to have a drink.

  2. From Production Line to Segmentation of Production

    Project management means the totality of executive functions, the techniques, and means necessary to carry out a project. Replacing "project" by "change", change management can be addressed as the totality of executive functions, techniques, and means that are necessary to alter something old into something new.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work