• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What do recent attempts to adopt 'partnership' approaches and practices suggest about the changing management priorities in industrial relations?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What do recent attempts to adopt 'partnership' approaches and practices suggest about the changing management priorities in industrial relations? Introduction In order to answer this question effectively I intend to split it into four distinct sections. In the first section I will outline what the term 'partnership approaches' actually means. In order to do this I will discuss the differences between 'social partnership' and 'partnership at work' and outline why partnership at work has been adopted as the dominant partnership approach in Britain. The following sections will form the body of the essay. Within these sections I intend to discuss whether the adoption of workplace partnership initiatives has been successful or unsuccessful, thus indicating to us whether management priorities are changing or not. This will be done mainly via the use of relevant authors and case studies. However my argument will mainly be based around the fact that, although in some cases partnership approaches are being adopted successfully, there has in fact only been a limited adoption of such practices, and in many cases management have little intention of changing their priorities. After discussing whether or not partnership approaches appear to be succeeding or failing, I hope in the final section to be able to draw some conclusions as to whether the adoption of such approaches are having any impact upon management priorities, and briefly suggest what the future is likely to hold. Outlining Partnership approaches It is important for us to first define the meaning and significance of partnership approaches in Britain. 'Social partnership' is an imprecise term and in Britain carries a number of meanings and refers to a range of union activities (Ackers and Payne, 1998; Guest and Peccei, 2001; Tailby and Winchester, 2000). Indeed there is much debate over the exact meaning of partnership in Britain, Guest and Peccei (2001) confirm this argument, they argue that there is, in fact, no agreed definition or conceptualization of partnership in either academic or policy literature. ...read more.

Middle

has changed managements priorities, indeed management at Barclays now appear to be much more cooperative with unions allowing for greater communication and much higher levels of trust between the two parties. Finally the partnership agreements agreed by Welsh Water also indicate that management priorities are changing. A culture-change programme was initiated and two key foundations were put in place: a joint project to involve the unions in changing working practices; and a strong commitment to management development and training (Tailby and Winchester, 2000). Four partnership agreements have been agreed between management and full time union officials between 1991 and 1998 proposing such things as new pay formulas, more flexible working conditions, empowerment and greater job security. These packages have been hailed as a major breakthrough in union management relations as it indicates a move away from an adversarial structure of annual pay negotiations towards greater trust in relations between management, unions and employees based on job security (Tailby and Winchester, 2000). It can be argued that the above examples do indicate that management priorities in Industrial relations appear to be changing due to the adoption of partnership approaches. There appears, in the above companies to be a move away from previously adversarial bargaining structures towards a higher degree of trust and cooperation in line with the four-point model outlined at the start of this section. This has been achieved via the introduction (amongst others) of increased team working, job security, training opportunities and the development of such things as problem solving groups and company councils. The work of Tailby and Winchester (2000) helps us to sum up this section effectively. They argue that the process of developing, negotiating and gaining acceptance of partnership agreements within the organisation does seem to have some 'distinctive features' which imply 'an ideological break with past practice', in particular, a long term view of the organisation and employee relations, with an emphasis on 'jointism', openness and trust. ...read more.

Conclusion

in fact he argues that management may be using partnership under false pretences, to try and further incorporate unions into the organisation and thus reduce their influence further. The case for changing management priorities is further weakened by the fact that many partnership agreements arose from a business crisis, resulting in unions being forced into such agreements, thus indicating an employer-dominant process of reform. I presented the view at the start of this essay that although there is no doubt that in some cases partnership approaches are being adopted successfully and changing management's priorities, there has only been a limited adoption of such practices and in fact in many cases management have little intention of changing their priorities. In my opinion after looking at the evidence, this appears to be the correct conclusion. I do not pretend to deny that in some cases such as Welsh Water and Barclays, management appear to have adopted partnership enthusiastically and there does appear to have been a real change in their attitude / priorities from their previously adversarial approaches. However in the current industrial relations climate it appears to be the case that partnership is only having a limited adoption and in many cases both management and unions are sceptical of each others motives for adopting partnership approaches, with neither side wanting to loose influence. Kelly (1996) states 'it is hard for unions to achieve a partnership with a party who would prefer they didn't exist', and in many cases unions have no choice but to accept partnership agreements and thus incorporation into management's objectives. However is this always going to be the case? The future for industrial relations in Britain is still unclear, the current governments intentions appear to be to support partnership approaches, however the wider adoption of partnership approaches depends upon whether the current government will endorse forthcoming EU legislation regarding the introduction of Work Councils, which could lead to Britain having strong, statutory provision for worker representation similar to the likes of Germany. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Business, Companies and Organisation, Activity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Business, Companies and Organisation, Activity essays

  1. tesco aims and objectives

    In order for All2One to be successful, the owner has set himself some objectives to offer great customer service and to have competitive prices to overcome competitors to retain customers. He also has to keep up to date with the latest fashions which he can offer to his customers and keep them satisfied and shop their regularly.

  2. Functional Areas

    The Marketing and Sales department use the internet because they check how other competitions are doing. This has to be accurate because McDonalds may lower prices if they find out other competitors are selling the same product cheaper. If the communication is wrong and the prices are normal then McDonalds will loose out and not be making a profit.

  1. Trade Unions

    The Abbey National Group Union. * Craft unions - representing particular skilled jobs e.g. the General Union of Loom Overlookers. These have nearly all disappeared. What do trade unions do? * Collective bargaining - unions negotiate with employers to achieve better pay and working conditions.

  2. business aims and objectives

    * Increase quality of merchandise. * Reproduce 6 merchandise by end of week. * Increase 5% quality of merchandise by end of year. Operations for Sainsbury Opening times closing making sure that the day runs smoothly. * Open the supermarket early in the morning * Open supermarkets 10 minutes early then usual every day.

  1. Business Purposes of companies in different sectors of the economy.

    Dyson has more than 2.950 employees in the nation; this includes all the scientist and engineers. Tertiary - K1 Tyres Ltd. K1 tyres are mechanics that specialise in repairing and servicing cars. They are located in east London (Essex) Ilford.

  2. Business Studies

    > Changes to the Workplace Relations Amendment Act 2005 increased the coercive power of managers Management as negotiating and bargaining; > Insight into the negotiating and bargaining aspects of management eg) managers need to negotiate and enterprise bargain with a union acting on behalf of the workers - Structure as

  1. How the Equality Act, Employment Act and Health and Safety at Work Act ...

    This shows Primark cares and it is legal evidence . All visitors need to a visitor badge so staff in Primark and in the front of the shop everyone is aware who they are. Induction training In the induction training the employees should be shown how to lift and move boxes of clothing /accessories without hurting themselves.

  2. Analysis of the Major Sectors of Employment in Gloucestershire.

    Environmental technologies and care activities due to response to an ageing population also predicted for future growth. Businesses are expected to remain competitive to potentially develop, export and sell overseas. Is Gloucestershire prosperous or in decline? Gloucestershire is prosperous due to the fact it is a young city with nearly

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work