Analyse the linguistic and structural methods by which Huxley conveys the beliefs, practises and social issues raised in Chapter Three of Brave New World. Consider how he uses a variety of characters to show the ranges of social conformity.
Linguistically, Huxley cleverly incorporates different techniques into his writing to successfully portray both the structured views of the society in Brave New World and also, the necessity to conform to this society. One technique Huxley uses to convey beliefs clearly, and the idea of conformity is repetition. In pages thirty-eight to forty-six, a conversation takes place between Fanny and Lenina with voices in the background as a voice of the conformed society. ‘Ending is better than mending, ending is better than mending.’ These hypnopaedic voices clearly show how Lenina feels drawn to thinking and what their society regards as correct.
Fanny is also used as a voice for society in hers and Lenina’s conversation, when Lenina begins to think individually and differently to her own views. This conversation, however, appears strange to us as readers as the beliefs of the people in Brave New World are the opposite of our own expected reactions. Characters such as Lenina make how similar most other characters are increasingly obvious.
Idyllic language is also used when describing unpleasant subjects, which both shocks the reader and show how society differs, conveying lack of emotion. This is evident in this paragraph: “Outside, in the garden, it was playtime. Naked in the warm June sunshine, six or seven hundred little boys and girls…or squatting silently in twos or threes among the flowering shrubs”. The fact that the language used here is so idyllic, and almost poetic, disturbs the reader, as the subject matter is so shocking. Yet light atmosphere is created with the use of pleasantly descriptive imagery. A reader would normally associate these types of circumstances with dark, depressing and rather disturbing surroundings and imagery.