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GCSE: Julius Caesar
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- Marked by Teachers essays 6
Call it my fear." (2.2.50). Caesar agrees to this arrangement temporarily with a veiled acknowledgment of the reality- a rhetorical question relating to the fact that he is "afeard to tell the graybeards the truth" (2.2.67). Caesar then immediately displays his weak resolution when Decius easily persuades him to reverse his earlier decision, and he proceeds to greet the senators, demonstrating another hazardous trait associated with women, inconstancy. Portia similarly behaves in accession with the low expectation of women and demonstrates "how weak a thing/ The heart of woman is!"
- Word count: 1750
Compare Brutus and Antonys speeches in Act III Scene 2 of Julius Caesar. Analyse the dramatic effects created by Shakespeares use of language4 star(s)
Using a chiasm (repeating words in a different way) makes Brutus' words more emphatic. From line 22 onwards Brutus is explaining his reasons for killing Caesar. Brutus uses memorable sentences such as: "Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more." Here Brutus is stating that he did indeed care about Caesar. However, he was prepared to sacrifice Caesar's life for the benefit of Roman citizens. Brutus maintains a consistent pattern where he presents Caesar's action and then his own reaction: "As Caesar loved me, I weep for him; as he was fortunate, I rejoice at it; as he was valiant, I honour him: but as he was ambitious, I slew him".
- Word count: 1218
An example of pathos2 is,'...I should do Brutus wrong and Cassius wrong (who you all know) are honourable men. I will not do them wrong; I rather choose, to wrong the dead, to wrong myself and you, then to wrong such honourable men.' This quote in some ways appears at first glance to be pro-Brutus but the undertones are more malicious and if said in grief3, could evoke powerful emotional reactions from the audience which is one of Antony's main objectives, so to make the plebeians4 turn against the conspirators in their, and at the sight of Antony's grief.
- Word count: 1187
I believe this flaw to be the fact that he is too noble; this leads to naivety and allows him to be deceived by the other characters in the play to his downfall. He is na�ve of some of Cassius' true character even though he is his friend. He is also over trusting of Mark Antony which is clearly shown in act 3 scene 1 where he makes the mistake of allowing Antony to make a speech at Caesar's funeral, even though his fellow conspirators advise him otherwise: 'Brutus, a word with you.
- Word count: 1205
In trying to solve a problem, he had inadvertently created one and caused great unrest in Rome and the outer lying territories. So this raises the question, does Brutus deserve the title of "Noblest Roman of them all" or was he nothing more than a naive politician who replaced one corrupt system with another? Before the actual murder, Brutus was a great friend of his target and had not actually joined the conspiracy. He was in great favour with him but was starting to feel Caesar was going too far and getting too much power.
- Word count: 1312
To summarise on Brutus' speech, I will give a short pr�cis of his language. Brutus' language was clearly controlled, as he spoke very cleverly to entice the audience. He also as a stoic, didn't show his emotions, and didn't sound like he cared about Caesar. However this was not the case in reality, as Brutus was once good friends with Caesar, so needed lots of manipulation and forcing to make him join the conspirators. The main person that forced Brutus to join them was Cassius who used his cunning and deceit to win Brutus over.
- Word count: 1532
The audience will be affected by these characteristics of Caesar's character because they were very superstitious people. They would pick up on when he ignores superstition, like the soothsayer, and grow wary of his character because of this. They would be more comfortable with his character later in the play after Shakespeare deliberately conveys this character personality alteration. When Julius Caesar is murdered, the all of the conspirators stand around Caesar and all stab him together on the cue: "Speak hands for me."
- Word count: 1881
Julius Caesar - How does Shakespeare use the events, themes and language present in act 3 scene 2 to make Mark Antony(TM)s speech so effective?
The crowd are then surprised at Brutus' technique as he says that he loved Caesar more than anyone else; "Brutus' love to Caesar was no less than his". This builds up suspension as the crowd are waiting to hear a reason for his thinking. Brutus then explains that he did it for the benefit of Rome, "not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more" the crowd's reaction is swayed as Brutus puts up a good explanation for the assassination, this shows that Brutus believed Caesar would destroy and neglect Rome and he thought he did what was best for the empire.
- Word count: 1591
Shakespeare uses prose for some actors and verses for others, this helps us understand the play. Act three scene two has an important role in the play. As this scene is just after the assassination of Julius Caesar so all the Roman citizens and audience are listening to both sides, Brutus and Cassius or Antony to decide if Caesar's murder was right, and how Antony's use of language persuades us to his point of view. First Brutus goes to the pulpit and starts off by persuading us that we are his friends as Shakespeare writes "Then follow me and give me audience, friends.
- Word count: 1117
As he was fortunate, I rejoice at it. As he was valiant, I honour him. But as he was ambitious, I slew him". Brutus in this part of his speech is manipulating the plebeians by using positive and negatives to get the main point across, does this by starting with something positive and giving a negative right after dramatically changing the mood. Shakespeare does this again more effectively in the same lines, by praising all the things that Caesar had done and his reactions to them, but he eventually ends with what costs Caesar his life, and uses it as a comparison to the good things.(3.2.23-25).
- Word count: 1082
At the time, people believed in divine order, which meant rulers were God given; their power was divine. Rulers were therefore God's rulers on Earth, removable only by God and not by men. This led to a strong following and respect for the ruler due to their special bond with God. Therefore, any play drawing on the lives of rulers would greatly affect audiences, especially as they were very religious. In the play, we can see three different groups of the 'audience.' Firstly, the plebeians were those that saw firsthand Julius C�sar. This group is within the play, they are the ones that react to Brutus first positively and then turn on him because of his words and actions.
- Word count: 1564
During the course of the play, characters die in different ways for different reasons. Show how Shakespeare makes any four of the deaths interesting.
Caesar's death is sensational because he dies at the hands of men he called his "friends". Several armed conspirators were needed to kill Caesar a single unarmed man. His dying words "Et tu, Brute?" are very poignant (deeply moving). Even though the readers know Caesar's death is inevitable, due to the various warnings and omens, until the last moment, there is a thrilling suspense in which the reader wonders whether he will live or die. We feel sorry for him because he gives up only when he sees the ultimate betrayal of his friend Brutus.
- Word count: 1057
"wherefore rejoice? What conquest brings he home? What tribune follow him to Rome?" these rhetorical questions are used scornfully by Marullus and Flavius to try and discredit Caesar, the effect of this language is out of lack of sympathy. They are saying that he hasn't brought back anything good for the empire and that he has just thrown everything out of proportion, this is said with not feeling. Marullus and Flavius attempt to disobey Caesar, they are caught burning and vandalizing his banners and trophies "Marullus and Flavius, for pulling scarf's of Caesars images and put to silence" this could be Shakespeare
- Word count: 1105
We know that Anthony has been successful in conquering the crowd due to the fact that they are all shouting appraisal of Caesar just as they were when he was victorious over the great Pompey and they are already seeking to revenge him. Else where in the text (in the beginning), there is evidence of the Plebeians changing their allegiance when in Act One Scene One, Murellus says to a companion, " Why have you changed so suddenly into Caesars favour, when once you were climbing to the top of the house just to catch a glimpse of Pompey".
- Word count: 1530
Not too careful to stoop to deceit and duplicity, as Brutus claims to be, Antony proves himself an excellent politician, using gestures and skilled rhetoric to his advantage. In the play there end up being two people speaking at Caesar's funeral, Brutus and Mark Antony. It is weird in a way that Brutus speaks at the funeral seeing as he was the one that killed Caesar along with the conspirators but when he does it makes a massive impact on the crowd.
- Word count: 1377
As we can see, Brutus's main goal is to turn the Plebeians minds against Caesar. "Who is here so rude that would not be a Roman" - he tries to use devotion to Rome as an excuse for murdering Caesar, and tries to appeal to their sense of patriotism and nationalistic feelings. He did it to "save Rome", as he implies, and the crowd seem very convinced by this. They are fooled by Brutus's rhetoric and are quite susceptible to it. Antony enters with the corpse, and the crowd is at this point very much in favour of Brutus.
- Word count: 1897
Funeral speeches - I think that Mark Antony is by far more effective. He, like Brutus, also succeeds in getting the crowd to listen to him but unlike Brutus he makes them believe in his sincerity.
A good example of this is when he says; "My heart is in the coffin with Caesar" This shows massive emotion on his part because just after he says this he pauses and this gives a much greater impact on the crowd. A final way in which the language is different between the two men is the way that they both use the truth to their own advantage. Brutus strongly relies on the truth to win the crowd over. "Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more" In Brutus' eyes this was the absolute truth because he firmly believed that was why he did it.
- Word count: 1237
As we can see during the play, people with power use power just for their convenience. During the first part of the play, Shakespeare introduces the characters and the situations. He makes us notice how powerful everyone is. Throughout the different meetings and the dialogues we can feel the power of the personalities of some characters, which in the nearly future is going to make a difference. The rulers of Rome have so much power that they can control the freedom of the people as we can see when Caesar gave an order to Antony.
- Word count: 1262
Mark Antony is portrayed in the play as brave, intelligent, cunning and loyal to his friend Caesar. Antony was distraught with Caesar's death and sought revenge first by speaking to the crowd in his speech. He showed how clever and cunning he could be when he convinced the crowd at Caesar's funeral ceremony to side with him and not with the murderers. He is politically ambitious and so believes that if he can take control while the state is in turmoil, he will remain in power.
- Word count: 1176
The rest of the conspirators turn up at Brutus' trying to get his decision, Brutus signifies his allegiance with the men with a handshake with all of them. Brutus then becomes the head leader of the conspirators where he makes some drastic last minute changes to the plan that was already made when Cassius was the leader; these are that Antony was to stay alive and that all men should stab Caesar to share the glory and that the murder would take place that night and that the men would parade around Rome covered in Caesar's blood.
- Word count: 1859
He is decribed as a traitor by Mark Antony: "more strong than traitor's arms". Brutus and Cassius are described as "madmen" by a servant: "like madmen through the gates of Rome". These words weren't true because the conspirators were well organised and almost nobody knew about what they were about to do to Caesar. However strong he is, he is still quite vulnerable. This is proved when he sees Julius Caesar's ghost. I think that Brutus' made a largest mistake: trusting Antony and allowing him to make a speech at Caesar' funeral, when Brutus (or no other conspirator)
- Word count: 1783
Immediately taking the full attention of the crowd, in the role of him saying this. He addresses the Romans in the very first word of his speech. Assembling the crowd feel important. Brutus was determined to convince the angry mourners why it was that Caesar needed to die. Despite his love for Caesar, he frankly and honestly felt that he had been forced to kill him in order to save Rome from dictatorship as he expresses in his speech: "Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more." Brutus' speech tells us that he had a deeper interest at heart for the whole of Rome, rather than Caesar alone.
- Word count: 1526
Dirty rags to show the audience what they earned from their worthless jobs are clothing the Plebeians. A balcony is used for speculation of the play. This is where a few Plebeians mix with the audience along with a few civil servants blending into the crowd of watchers. All of the Plebeians and the civil servants have a major role to play in the external part of the play, which shall be explained later. The stage is covered in debris and Plebeians are also scattered between and outside all four corners of the stage. Secondly, the properties, which are probably the most important aspects of this attractive scene, include a large proportion of Antony's properties.
- Word count: 1854
Antony realises the crowd react more to a 'friend' rather than someone from the senate, so continues to adhere himself to the crowd later, when he steps down and wants them all to physically move closer, gather round. The two speeches both end in with a pause. Brutus pauses, because he has just asked a rhetorical question, and knows no one will answer him. Antony pauses to gain the crowd's sympathy in a display of emotion for the death of Caesar, his 'dear' friend.
- Word count: 1766
This clearly indicated Caesar did not really take into consideration what the soothsayer said. In Act 1 Scene 2 Cassius approaches Brutus, a close companion of Caesar. Cassius aim was to persuade Brutus into disliking Caesar. Cassius started of by comparing himself and Brutus to Caesar, "I was born free as Caesar ; so were you ; we both have fed as well, and we can both endure the winters as well as he.'' Said Cassius. (Extract from Act 1 scene 2 lines 8,9,10)
- Word count: 1364