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GCSE: Ian McEwan

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    Analyse the breakdown of the relationship between Joe and Clarissa in Enduring Love by Ian McEwan.

    4 star(s)

    This quote does not doubt this fact - it does begin to put a new spin on things though. But why does Joe not tell Clarissa about the phone call? There are several reasons why this may be, but looking at Joes character - quite a straight laced, level headed person - it is more likely that Joe was embarrassed by what was said during the call as it is not your everyday occurrence that a strange man calls to tell you that he loves you in the early hours of the morning. It is probable that Joe also feels that he has indirectly been unfaithful to Clarissa as the phone call was directed at him and so it is possible Joe is feeling guilty.

    • Word count: 1077
  2. Through a close analysis of the description of the temple, consider McEwans use of symbolic settings in Atonement.

    These feelings seem a stark contrast to Briony 'slashing nettles', allowing the reader to discern older Briony's narrative position. This ability to convey adult perception and emotion in a childish narrative through setting allows the reader to appreciate older Briony's atonement, whilst also allowing them to recognise the power of descriptive language and setting. McEwan uses a semantic field of decay to indicate the corruption within the Tallis family. When the temple is first mentioned, McEwan has Briony describe it as 'crumbling' and 'stuccoed' to allow the reader to immediately appreciate its run down features, similar to the 'ugliness of the Tallis home'.

    • Word count: 778
  3. "Enduring Love" Questions

    The context of Joe and Jed are very important to the entire storyline. As Jed compels Joe to face all hurdles, including the instances of murder and madness; she adds enough excitement to the novel. There are innumerable instances when the reader faces suspicion, surprise and above all fear. The complicated relationship between these two characters adds the elements of mystery to the plot. As the author starts getting into the complicated aspects of murder and mystery; the novel turns itself into a detective genre. There is a parallel plot justifying 'emotional justice' followed by 'unconditional love' in the novel.

    • Word count: 1058
  4. What are our impressions of the narrator in the opening section of

    The passage opens with a rhetorical question; "What was Clarissa doing?" This question is automatically accusing and straight away gives a negative impression of the narrator. He then continues by writing; "She said she walked quickly towards the center of the field." This sentence is again accusing the "She said," particularly making it sound as though the narrator is in some doubt as to whether what Clarissa says is true. This gives us the impression that he readily doubts those he is supposedly close to. Immediately after this we see another negative aspect of the narrator's personality.

    • Word count: 706
  5. Obsession is a major theme in the novel Enduring Love by Ian McEwan

    Parry loves Joe because he thinks that they had a moment down the bottom of the hill after the balloon incident that led to Mr. Logan's drastic death. This is the instance that Parry first felt as though Joe was in love with him although Joe rejected Parry by not praying with him. With the missed calls that occur later on in the novel, Joe begins to feel frightened and sickened with Parry. Joe feels as though his personal space has been violated and feels as though his life could be in danger if he acts in the wrong way

    • Word count: 1227
  6. Aim: What effect does the dual narration have upon the readers understanding of the text? Michael Frayn has a unique way of writing the Novel 'Spies'. Stephen is a character, which

    quotations imply that something is waiting to revealed to the reader, this is called delayed revelation, and Frayn uses this to build up to an event slowly and reveal what the something is, this takes in the reader's attention by leading the reader on to the next big thing which is coming up by continuing to read the novel. Furthermore, adult Stephen remains for all of chapter one . Prior to this, adult Stephen observes himself, when he was young in 3rd person "this is what I see as I look at it now...

    • Word count: 963
  7. Enduring Love - by Ian McKewen - Discuss the changing relationship between Clarissa and Joe.

    longest Clarissa and I had spent apart in our seven years" This gives you the idea that he is excited to see her and they are in a very strong loving relationship as they have been together for a long time and he has missed her. Through out the balloon incident it doesn't make reference much about their relationship, but does state how Clarissa puts her arms around his waist and how she tells him to slow down because she is worried about him.

    • Word count: 2112
  8. Evident throughout the entire plot of 'Enduring Love', Ian McEwan fuses three different genres: love story, detective story and thriller

    "We set off down our path arm in arm...the warmth and tranquillity in her voice", Concentrating on the 'romance' genre, McEwan allows the reader to feel a connection with Joe as we are made aware of his emotions for Clarissa. Exploring different themes of love, we become acquainted with Clarissa's love of Keats poetry, "Clarissa's interest in these hypothetical letters had something to do with our own situation" and the love for others surrounding Joe at the station "it was smiles and hugs, and in thirty-five minutes I experienced more than fifty theatrical happy endings".

    • Word count: 1241
  9. How does McEwan Present Ideas about Memory and Recall in "Enduring Love"

    The use of narrative and chronological time not being the same in the first chapter also gives the reader different views of Joe's own memory and what kind of state he is in within the first chapter; the change from people running towards the balloon to then of Joe's and Clarissa's reunion to then being back at the balloon accident. From the very beginning of the novel we, as the reader, see that Joe is a very rational person who has to think about every single detail of his own life and other people's lives around his own.

    • Word count: 1670
  10. Explore the waysin which McEwan presents obsession in Enduring Love

    This is a significant moment in the novel as we discover later on that this was the point when Jed's obsession began and the moment on which the rest of the story is based. McEwan uses religious imagery to convey the embarrassment felt by Joe and passion of Jed's beliefs. '..., as I saw it, to deliver me from the radiating power of Jed Parry's love and pity.' The use of the verb 'deliver' has religious overtones and suggests deliverance in the same Christian sense of Jesus 'delivered' mankind.

    • Word count: 1127
  11. Why And How Does The Introduction Of The Sub-Plot Link With The Novel So Far?

    'I had come to explain, to establish my guiltlessness, my innocence of his death' McEwan also links Jean Logan and Joe's meeting with the awkwardness seen in Joe and Jed's first meeting. Jean Logan is very harsh and snaps in a way similar to Joe's abrupt treatment of Jed. 'I don't know why you've come' she said. 'I hope it isn't to satisfy your curiosity'. Her behaviour is aloof and cold towards Joe. This behaviour is similar to Joe's first meeting with Jed as he refuses to go to a caf´┐Ż and seems eager to remove himself from the difficult situation 'We'll be fine right here', I said.

    • Word count: 1087
  12. Looking At The First Ten Chapters, Discuss What You Find Interesting In The Way The Writer Presents The Character Of Jed Parry

    It is when Jo describes Parry for a second time that a more distinctive physical description is given and the reader gets a true sense of character. (Chapter 2, page 19/20) "His long bony face was framed round a pained question. He looked wretched, like a dog about to be punished..." this is a perfect example of McEwan's gradual character delineation, where he firstly creates an aesthetic understanding of Parry, but holds back from informing the reader of his mental state/personality.

    • Word count: 1518
  13. Enduring Love- Theme of Conflict

    At the same time there is a connection between them and a conflicting repellence. Perhaps Joe imagined this when he says: "I was another man, my own s****l competitor." In the balloon accident when Joe had attempted the rescue but failed there is much argument between the characters of who let go of the rope. Perhaps Joe had his own selfish desire to become a hero and there is conflict between them as to who will be successful: "I knew that if I had been the uncontested leader." Science and Religion Conflict Jed's views of God disapprove Joe's own rational logic and uses the power of love to emphasise their relationship: "Reading you all night has strengthened me.

    • Word count: 721
  14. What do you find interesting about the way the writer presents the character of Parry (Enduring Love)?

    We are shown Joes scientific thinking by his descriptions and detail of the death on pg 23 " The closing down of countless interrelated nural and bio-chemical exchanges combined...". This contrastes with the very strong religious beliefs of Jed Parry, who translates Joe's unbeliefing undertone as being an indication for help. This interaction and then sudden removal beween Jed and Joe adds to the readers interest in Parry, as the situation is unresolved. Parry is then re-introduced by Mcewan very dramatically at the end of the next chapter, creating even more interest in the spiralling relationship between the now two main characters.

    • Word count: 900
  15. Ian McEwan stated that in writing "Enduring Love" he wanted to create a novel of ideas. What are the most important concepts that he explores in chapters one to five of "Enduring Love"?

    However this is simply the introduction to this theme as McEwan gently introduces it to the reader. Further on in the chapter three the deeper meaning of the story telling theme is portrayed. Joe and Clarissa arrive home after the traumatic experience of the accident and they retell each other their own personal narratives, the main purpose of this being so that they can gain some sort of explanation as they are confused by the whole event- "...how do we make sense of this?" Clarissa asks Joe at one point. All forms of narrative reach a point where issues are resolved and there is some form of closure achieved. This is what the couple are searching for.

    • Word count: 1687
  16. Explore in detail the presentation of the characters of Joe (the narrator) and Clarissa in the first three chapters of Enduring love

    She has been away in America looking for three or four unpublished poems from Keats. She believes there must be some letters sent in between the time of him dieing and the last letter as it is such a big gap. Due to a routine surgical procured going wrong Clarissa has been left unable to bear children. This has made her change her outcome in life since the operation. . A friends child died only being a few weeks old Clarissa was unable to cope with the lose of a small child and broke down " what was revealed was Clarissa's mourning of a phantom child.

    • Word count: 1046
  17. The opening three chapters of the novel 'Enduring Love' by Ian McEwan

    They were all farm labourers who were repairing a fence along the field's southern edge where it skirts the road. These characters were introduced at this running point because all these men (mark etc...) were all running towards the man who was shouting for help. Near enough at the same point we are introduced to another man who was also on his way to help, his name was 'John Logan', he was a motorist. Half way through the first chapter we here from Clarissa about a famous poet called 'John Keats' who she has followed and researched his work for quite some time.

    • Word count: 738
  18. Explore chapter 1 of Enduring Love and consider what it reveals about Joe as a character and a narrator

    John Logan flew with the balloon and all the other men were shocked by this terrible sight. First of all, Joe's character is revealed by the way he tells us the story. It is obvious that Joe is a scientist as he uses some very professional and scientific words to describe things he sees. The way he thinks is very logical and analytical. For example, when Joe talks about the balloon that they were running toward as "filled with helium, the elemental gas formed from Hydrogen in the nuclear furnace if stars..." He also uses words such as "direction of the force", "angles of collision", "relative distances and compass point" these phrases all show that he can't resist being related to science.

    • Word count: 1533
  19. How does Ian McEwan use narrative expectation in chapter one of Enduring Love?

    This builds a sense of suspense and uncertainty it can also be frustrating as the reader is not sure what is happening. The first chapter of Enduring love begins with a short introductory sentence, which gives insight into Joe's personality. The fact that Joe describes 'the beginning' of his story as 'simple to mark' and the idea of an event happening being 'the pinprick on the timemap' shows Joe's empirical character, it is obvious from the start that Joe has to think things through methodologically.

    • Word count: 1250
  20. What is the significance of chapter 21?

    The way, in which Joe's actions are unplanned and were therefore irrational, increases tension as the reader has no faith in Joe as he does not know what's going to happen either. The style of pace is both increasing and decreasing throughout the chapter. Generally this technique increases the pace of the chapter as a whole, which is structurally important as the plot is starting to reach a climax and therefore symbolises its significance. McEwan also uses sentence structures to increase pace, by means of a complex sentences followed by simple sentence such as "It was a while since I had heard this devise, the percentages snatched from the air, the unprovenanced research, the measurement of the immeasurable.

    • Word count: 1402
  21. What is the significance of science in Enduring Love?

    She could be implying that it's Joe's private way of expressing himself, indirectly. Joe's use of scientific and rational thoughts are emphasised by his language "What occurred simultaneously or in quick succession, what was said, how we moved or failed to move..." He uses complex vocabulary, which is more effective, such as: antecedent, transmutations, and articulate advocacy. This creates an atmosphere and is therefore symbolic to the reader. It could be suggested that science is a dramatic devise to distract the reader from knowing Joe's true feelings, leaving it up to the reader to question, and make up their own suggestions, allowing character development construction up to the individual.

    • Word count: 1930
  22. How does Ian McEwan commit the reader to the rest of the novel in the first chapter?

    This straight away starts to trigger off questions in the readers mind and increases curiosity. The opening scene involves emotion. Ian McEwan uses visual imagery, allowing the reader to associate with the characters and atmosphere by showing an emotional relationship. This instantly triggers questions of who, what, why, when, and how. We know they're celebrating, but we don't know why, "Clarissa was passing me the bottle..." This is McEwan's way of keeping the reader interested by withholding information. The reader starts thinking and therefore becomes more engrossed. The beginning paragraph symbolises to the reader that this event is meaningful and significant, "This was the moment", "Touched my palm", (in my opinion, this metaphorically means, touched

    • Word count: 1503
  23. Compare and contrast the presentation of Joe and Jed up to the end of chapter 12 in 'Enduring Love'.

    Jed is physically, merely described as: "He was twenty-eight, unemployed, living on an inheritance in Hampstead". (Chapter 1) In chapter 3, we learn through Joe, that he is feeling trapped, and imprisoned with the ballooning incident, with having to tell the story to so many of his and Clarissa's friends. The whole chapter exposes Joe's characteristics as a narrator. His uses scientific jargon a lot, evidence of his love for science, but I think that Joe uses all this scientific jargon, not only because he has good knowledge in the science field, but also because he may be re-assuring himself of his scientific potential, of being a true scientist and not an ordinary man who everybody has left on the shelf for someone with better knowledge, experience and success in science.

    • Word count: 1693
  24. A Critical Appreciation on Chapter 12 of Ian McEwan's 'Enduring Love'.

    This has left McEwan with an area to develop the plot. The primary theme in this chapter is around relationships: Joe's relationship with Clarissa and Jed's relationship with Joe. Joe is feeling as though he is a "failure in science". He is not sure whether it was "brought on afresh by Logan's fall, or the Parry situation, or by the fine crack of estrangement" between him and Clarissa. To the reader it is apparent that it isn't Logan's fall, as this hasn't been mentioned for some time. Strangely, Joe does not connect the "Parry situation" with the ever-widening rift between himself and Clarissa.

    • Word count: 995
  25. At the start of the novel the narrator is presented to the reader as a man who lives in a well ordered world. Examine the way in which your responses to the character are shaped up to and including chapter 15.

    At the airport, McEwan presents Joe as very analytical. This is a reflection of the work he does. He watches how people react with a cold detachedness. "...I experienced more than fifty theatrical happy endings, each one with the appearance of being slightly less well acted than the one before, until I began to feel emotionally exhausted." This is a brief view into how Joe thinks. He is very pessimistic about human emotions and how they are portrayed. He seems to think that the feelings shown at the airport are acted out. This kind of reasoning is common throughout the beginning of the novel.

    • Word count: 1128

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Compare Virginia Woolf"s novels Mrs. Dalloway and The Waves as the representatives of her early and late work.

    "To sum up, we would like to say that in these two novels of Virginia Woolf, many similar facts as well as the different ones can be found. However, Mrs. Dalloway is easier to read; it is easier to understand. We would say that Mrs. Dalloway is the real masterpiece of Virginia Woolf. In The Waves Virginia Woolf shows us that no rules must be followed. It is pure experimental work and the reader of this novel must be more experienced."

  • Compare the two occasions on which Joe Rose and Jed Parry meet {Chap 2 and Chap 7} - What is different and what is the same? Who is in love with whom? In Enduring Love by Ian McEwan.

    "In conclusion, I have decided that the way Joe treats Jed from the beginning, being unconsciously kind, is tragic but not his fault. This kindness clearly fuelled Jed's love but Joe could not have foreseen this. In Chapter 2 there is also a sense that Joe 'loves' himself, 'I read the fractional widening of the young man's eyes as respect. It was what I felt for myself anyway', and perhaps this is what the 'timid' Jed finds so endearing about Joe to start with."

  • Enduring Love - by Ian McKewen - Discuss the changing relationship between Clarissa and Joe.

    "The relationship, in conclusion, between Joe & Clarissa changed several times. They have always been in love, and the love has never died. It was questioned by both of them when Jed became involved. The trust and communication broke down. The support, friendship and love became lost. Clarissa doubted Joe's sanity, outlook, and did not believe him. She felt he became obsessed and blocked her out, pushing her away. Joe felt Clarissa was unsupportive of the fact he was being stalked and did not listen to him and that he felt he was increasingly on his own. They went up and down a few times, down usually when Joe's obsession seemed thrown back after an incident with Joe. Once the truth came out about Jed, Clarissa needed time away from Joe properly to think and went to live with her brother. Time and distance for them worked as a healer. There was no more need to be obsessed or to doubt each other. They had never lost sight of love they learned to overcome what had happened and got back together, and continued where they had once left off. They later completed what was missing, a child, and adopted."

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