How Does Napoleon Take and Maintain Control
Of Animal Farm?
George Orwell’s character Napoleon is a very clever and sly animal. He uses several methods to take and maintain control of the farm. His primary methods are by using fear, by exploiting the animal and by bending the rules. Napoleon uses is intellect to good effect as far as self-interest is concerned.
Napoleon instills fear as a way of giving the animal no chance to argue about what he says. This allows him to run the farm in his own manner and gives him a more confortable life than the other animals. Early on in Animal Farm, Napoleon takes Jessie and Bluebells nine newborn puppies. These puppies become the forefront of his campaign of fear. He uses them to gain power by eliminating his nemesis, Snowball “They dashed straight for Snowball…he slipped through a hole in the hedge and was seen no more.” Also, Napoleon used the dogs in the public forum he created by setting an example of what would happen to those animals who chose to disobey him. When it was revealed that some of the animals had done things to side with the Snowball, Napoleon executed them in front of everyone else. Orwell’s character Squealer was given a great ability to speak, this helped Napoleon get out of sticky situations and inscribe fear into the animals’ heads all at once. When any of the animals questioned any of Napoleons actions, he would confuse the animals with his intellect but would do it in a cunning way by asking, “Surely Comrades, you do not want Jones back?” By using this persuasive rhetorical question, the animals wouldn’t question what it was Jones had done and would just get on with things.