Assess the role played by conservative elites in propelling Hitler to power in Jan 1933.

Authors Avatar by hcornay (student)

Assess the Role played by conservative elites in propelling Hitler to power the Chancellorship in Jan 33?

Support your proposition by reference to 3 eminent historians:

In the years up to 1933, conservative elites played key roles in propelling Hitler to power. This was made up of the Old and New right, who collaborated with Hitler and helped him gain the Chancellorship. The Old right consisted of groups such as the army officer core, shabby deal, Harzburg front, Industrialists and Junkers and Judiciary, civil service and education. The new right was made up by Hitler and the Nazi party who, with there plans for national unity, prosperity and full employment, gained large amounts of support and propelled Hitler into the Chancellorship on January 1933.

The New right Hitler and the Nazi party played important roles in propelling Hitler into the chancellorship. The Nazi's offered national unity, prosperity, full employment and free of communism by ridding Germany of what they claimed were the real causes of the troubles, Marxists and the 'November criminals', those who agreed to the armistice and the Treaty of Versailles. With this the Nazi's gained large amounts of support, as the fortunes of the Nazi party were tightly linked to the current economic situation. A. J.P Taylor once said that “The 'National Classes' saw in the Republic 'only the symbol of defeat'.”As a result, from the years 1928-1932 the Nazi's gained 218 seats and started to influence parliament. By the end of 1932 the Weimar republic had thus been brought to the verge of collapse. As the Nazi's promised to overthrow the Versailles settlement, wealthy landowners and industrialists encouraged the Nazis, because they feared a communist revolution and they approved of the Nazi policy of hostility to communists. He gained large amounts of support for his policy of hostility to communists, partly because the people did not want a communist revolution. There was a striking contrast between the governments of the Weimar republic, and the Nazi party impressed people. The people believed that the current government was too cautious and dull to maintain order, and that the Nazi party provided a strong, decisive government, with a leader in Hitler, who possessed extraordinary political abilities. By July 1932 the Nazi's were the largest single party, but Hitler could not gain the Chancellorship because the Nazi's did not have the majority of the vote. However, the policies of the Chancellor Bruning started to take effect, when he was replaced by Franz Von Papen (conservative/nationalist) in May 1932.  This was supported by the election votes on November 1932 when the Nazi's lost 34 seats and 2 million votes, a serious setback. However, with this further influence came into play, which killed off the republic by letting Hitler into power legally. The new Right played an instrumental role in propelling Hitler into power, but it was not the only factor present at the time.

Join now!

The 'Shabby Deal' consisted of a small clique of conservative elites Von Papen, Hindenburg and Schleicher. Who, with the support from the Reichswehr, decided to bring Hitler into a coalition government with the conservatives and nationalists. The main conspirators were Franz von Papen and General von Scheicher. Their main reasons for this momentous decision were, they were afraid of the Nazis attempting to seize power by a Putsch. They believed they could control Hitler better inside the government than if he remained outside it. The Nazi votes in the Reichstag would give them a majority, which might make possible ...

This is a preview of the whole essay