Then, what is the reason for plastic surgery being an ordinary life matter in Korea? In my opinion, lookism is a main factor that can answer this question.For better explanation, I searched up for the term 'lookism' in the encyclopedia. Lookism is a term used to refer to discrimination against or prejudice towards others based on their appearance. The term was first coined within the Fat acceptance movement. It was used in the The Washington Post Magazine in 1978, which asserted that the term was coined by "fat people" who created the word to refer to discrimination based on looks. It is notable that lookism has received scholarly attention both from a cultural studies and an economics perspective. In the former context, lookism relates to preconceived notions of beauty and cultural stereotyping based on appearance as well as gender roles and expectations. Important economic considerations include the question of income gaps based on looks, as well as increased or decreased productivity from workers considered beautiful or ugly by their co-workers.
In this context, it comes to peoples' mind that appearance means a lot in their life and good-looking appearance makes ones life easier and happier. In a survey done by Women Sense magazine in Korea in the year of 2005, 47% of the participants said they had underwent cosmetic surgery before they entered the job force. They had replied that good looking appearance can have advantages because it is likely that they good have good images on job interviews. 52.7% of the participants had said that plastic surgery can help in gaining self-esteem and fell confident. Next, 96% had said yes to the question, "Do you think better appearance by plastic surgery can have positive effects for individuals regarding job recruiting? "Another factor for the increasing level of cosmetic surgery in Korea is that Koreans try to apply the same standards for beauty as the Western world does. These are what Korean women desire as their wanna-be looking: round big eyes, high and angled nose, tall height , thin, with a bright complexion ,high and angled nose. This is due to fact that Koreans tend to put big value of the western culture. They not only want to eat and buy the things from the western but also have the wants to even look like them. Well it does seem strange to me that Asians are born with diamond-shaped eyes, low nose which also can be seen as beautiful in a different standard. Why do we call people with big eyes and high nose a beautiful person? But this is what happens in Korea and even near myself. Before writing this essay I asked 30 female friends about double eyelid eyes. More than half of women had answered that they would want their eyes have double eyelids which makes the eyes look bigger and rounder. In addition to that the majority of male students had said they prefer girls with big eyes because big eyes make a person look prettier.
From the book of "the study of high school students' attitude and behavior toward cosmetic surgery by Choi baek wha , 2002, the notion of white supremacy is still alive in our minds since Western nations, such as the United States, are still the most powerful and wealthiest. Even the notions of “walking, talking, and looking” like the white race still exist to the subtlest extents. For example, many countries around the world, including South Korea, are required to speak English as their second language. Most South Korean students become fluent in English by the time they reach high school.
However, we should not overlook the bad effects of plastic surgery. It is a good matter that Korea is gaining high reputation and foreign currency due to outstanding technology in plastic surgery. On the other hand, the negative effects of cosmetic surgery will also bring out bad influences for Koreans. According to the book "Envy Venus"by Haiken, Elizabeth written in 2008, plastic surgery is a very expensive method, which involves skin grafting. It can put tremendous financial pressure on you and your family. While accessing the cost of plastic surgery, people often tend to take into account the cost of the surgery only, and completely overlook the unexpected cost that can arise from postoperative complications. Individuals also forget to consider the cost of postoperative medications, which can't be avoided, as it can result in further complications. In all, plastic surgery is a costly and complicated affair and considerable care and precautions need to be followed after this surgery.
Plastic surgery involves several surgical risks like pain, infections, allergic reactions, nausea and vomiting, which are commonly associated with any kind of surgery. In addition to these, drug reaction, implant rejection, pigmentation, blood clots, skin necrosis and nerve damage on the particular area are some of common bad effects of plastic surgery that may give rise to many complications. The process may produce additional risks for smokers, as they are more likely to face problems like delay in healing wounds, increased risk of infection, bruising, scarring and pulmonary problems.
It has been observed that many individuals undergoing plastic surgery tend to suffer from an obsession or an infatuation with their look. This can cause an addiction and may impel them to undergo plastic surgery several times. A common psychological disorder in this regard is known as 'body dysmorphic disorder', where people develop such a distorted and weird perception of their body that they can't be satisfied with any look.
In conclusion, I could come up with the idea that cosmetic surgery in Korea is the most developed in the world because of two main reasons. The first one is lookism which is a term used to refer to discrimination against or prejudice towards others based on their appearance. The second one is that
Koreans try to apply the same standards for beauty of the Western world; big eyes, high nose, etc. Because of these two factors, the social atmosphere has been formed in a way people feel pressured to become good-looking. The big desire of people to look beautiful had increased the demand of plastic surgery and the supply had been also increased. However, I want to give my comment that it is true that it is "a lot better" to be good-looking than being ugly but I think it would be more important to focus on the inner side of the person. Some Koreans only tend to put value on how they look and not how they think and behave. In addition to that, individuals should not go under too many cosmetic surgeries. Writing an essay about plastic surgery in Korea had led me to think very deeply about this topic and I am proud that Korea has the best skill in plastic surgery even if it was not started in Korea.