Blacked out - creative writing.
Blacked out I've never encountered racism before, I knew a bit about it. How people reacted to it some with violence some just turned away and carried on with what they were doing. I thought I wouldn't encounter it until I was much older. I didn't really know how I would react to racism I thought about it sometimes when I hear about it. But how I planned to react to racism turned out differently. It was a boiling hot August the sun shown brightly if you took as much as a glimpse at the sun you would be dazed. It was the last week of my summer holiday and I was very excited because I was starting year 7 next week in a different school called St. Mary's secondary school. I was in Leeds visiting my sister called Samantha who was in Leeds University she was going to start her second year in university, we hadn't seen here for about 11 months and it was nice to see her, I was visiting Samantha with my younger sister called Chinwe. It was nice to have a change of scenery from London and to see different people. Samantha took us sight seeing around parts of Leeds that she knew, it was a very pleasant place it wasn't boring it had some interesting places that we could visit. On the way back we were all very hungry we were near here flat which is near the university but Samantha decided to buy us Burger King because she said there is hardly anything to eat at home. When we got
An American Tragedy: The Kennedy Assassination
"An American Tragedy: The Kennedy Assassination" Where were you November 22, 1963? Any and every American old enough to mourn, to feel sorrow remember where they were and what they were doing when they received the news that President John F. Kennedy had been murdered. My mother was only three and she remembers the day. She was in the living room of her childhood home when a weeping neighbor called my Grandmother and broke the news. The telephone call was the beginning of a chain reaction that sent the entire house into uncontrollable sobbing. The event had that effect on the entire nation. Men and women, Democrats and Republicans, adults and children mourned the loss of their fallen leader. President Johnson, the Warren Commission, and every fascinated watcher-on in the world would closely scrutinize that day and the following events. The facts of the day are still hotly contested even now. Politicians have made their careers on the case. Conspiracy theorists have had a field day writing books, accusing anyone and everyone of planing the assassination. This paper's purpose is to inform you on the known facts of the event, including the reason for President Kennedy's visit, the parade through down-town Dallas, and the emergency trip to the hospital. The Warren Commission's report to the President will be summarized and many conspiracy theories will be established.
Women of the 19th Century.
Women of the 19th Century During the mid-1900's, women gained increased protection against job discrimination. In the 1940's, the U.S. government established a policy of equal pay for equal work. Under this policy, the government forbade businesses with federal contracts to pay a woman less than a man for the same job. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited job discrimination on the basis of sex. In 1972, Congress approved the Equal Rights Amendment. It failed to become law because only 35 of the necessary 38 states approved it by the deadline of June 30, 1982. The amendment would have guaranteed equal rights for all citizens, regardless of sex. In the 1900's, women began to wear looser, lighter-weight clothing. The changing styles--especially in leisure and sports clothes--gradually uncovered different parts of women's bodies. Legs were bared in the 1920's, abdomens in the 1940's, and thighs in the 1960's. Today, women wear less clothing than in any other period since ancient times. For a few years around 1910, women wore hobble skirts. These skirts were so tight at the bottom that a woman could hardly walk. Clothing became simpler and less formal during World War I (1914-1918). In the 1920's, women adopted the "boyish" look. Dresses were straight and unfitted, and they ended at, or a little above, the knee. In the 1930's, some women began wearing
Black Americans also entered politics. WEB DuBois founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). In 1919 it had 300 branches and around 90,000 members. It campaigned
History Holiday Work by Mahmoud. Faced by such intimidation, discrimination and poverty, many black people left the rural south and moved to the cities of the northern USA. Through the 1920s the black population of both Chicago and New York doubled: New York's from 150,000 to 330,000 and Chicago from 110,000 to 230,000. In the north, black Americans had a better chance of getting good jobs and a good education. For example, Howard University was an exclusively black institution for higher education. In both Chicago and New York, there was a small but growing black middle class. There was a successful 'black capitalist' movement, encouraging black people to set up businesses. In Chicago they ran a successful boycott of he city chain stores, protesting that they would not shop there unless black staff were employed. By 1930 almost all the shops in the South Side belt where blacks lived had black employees. There were internationally famous black Americans, such as the singer and actor Paul Robeson. The popularity of jazz made many black musicians into high profile media figures. The black neighbourhood of Harlem in New York became the centre of the Harlem Renaissance. Here musicians and singers made Harlem a centre of creativity and a magnet for white customers in the bars and club. Black artists flourished in this atmosphere, as did black writers. The poet Langston Hughes
A discussion of the key features, opposition and consequences of McCarthyism
A discussion of the key features, opposition and consequences of McCarthyism McCarthyism key features McCarthyism was rudimentally instigated on the 9th February 1950, when Senator Joseph McCarthy articulated a speech to the Republican Women's Club of Wheeling, West Virginia, which averred he possessed a list of 205 names who were known communists, yet worked for the State department. This speech was extolled by many as they they categorically wished to culminate the recent communist threats, such as the subjugation of the Kuomintang by the Chinese Communist Party and the Korean War. McCarthy subsequently obtained distinguished espousal from the press, which depicted him as a crusader amid his influence. His sway also incited the passing of major pieces of legislation; in 1950 the McCarran internal security act was passed, which required Communist organisations to register with the Attorney General. Moreover, the immigration and nationality Act of 1952 restricted immigration into the U.S. McCarthy coerced 2375 innocent individuals to appear before the House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) and notwithstanding his failure to produce any evidence against, 400 were incarcerated. There was evident fear among the nation; being blacklisted served as the ignominy of many; they would be evicted from their homes and were ostracised or abused by their community; even
The Ku Klux Klan.
A cult is a type of religious organization that stands apart from the larger society. These groups often have a charismatic leader and they create their own radical beliefs. A cult that is very widespread in the United States and claims to be largely apparent throughout the world is the Ku Klux Klan or the "KKK". The Ku Klux Klan is a cult that claims to be promoters of white Christian civilization. The original Ku Klux Klan was organized to oppose the Reconstruction policies of the radical Republican Congress and to maintain white supremacy. After the Civil War, when local government in the South was weak or nonexistent and there were fears of black outrages, informal armed patrols were formed in almost all communities. The KKK was organized at Pulaski, Tenn., in May 1866. Its strange disguises, silent parades, midnight rides, mysterious language and commands, were useful in playing upon fears and superstitions. Members dressed in flowing white sheets, their faces covered with white masks and skulls at their saddle horns, posed as spirits of dead Confederate soldiers returned from the battlefields. The Klan was effective in keeping black men away from the polls, so that the ex-Confederates gained political control in many states. Congress in 1870 and 1871 passed legislation to combat the Klan. The second Ku Klux Klan was founded in 1915 by William J. Simmons. The new
How King successfully used Empathy and Non Verbal/ Verbal Communication to hold the attention of his audience in his speech " I have a dream"-1963
How King successfully used Empathy and Non Verbal/ Verbal Communication to hold the attention of his audience in his speech " I have a dream"-1963 My hypothesis: Was that the audience will respond to rhetorical devise (use of colloquial language and repetition) and appropriate motivation, a strong sense of empathy. Martin Luther King used these effectively in his speech " I have a dream"-1963 with an appropriate observation sheet, I detailing his verbal, non verbal communication along with his relationship with the audience Michael Argyle (1983) pointed out eye gazing can be an index of the closeness of a relationship people share. King's gazing plays a major part throughout his speech. It reduces his non- verbal leakage and minimises the ambiguity in this speech. King on a pulpit, which gave him more space and according to E.T Hall's (1959) theory about proximity the pulpit shows his power and authority as a dominant figure. His paralanguage varied throughout his speech; on some occasions his paralanguage was serious with rising intonation to signify his determination. At other occasion he used an aggressive tone with appropriate use of volume and emphasis to increase the impact of his point. King equally was sensitive in his use of language. B.Z commented (power of Speech) that King understood that the majority of black Americans in the sixties weren't well educated
Civil Rights Movement
"The Civil Rights Movement Achieved a Great Deal. Do Sources A-F Prove this Correct?" The Civil Rights Movement was a movement aimed at abolishing racial discrimination in the United States of America in the 1950s and 1960s. Many things were achieved by the movement, and I will be looking at both its successes and its failures. Historically, the black population has always been subject to racial injustice; the most notable example being the introduction of the slave trade. For over two centuries, Africans were treated like animals and lived their lifes in unjust conditions. It had been less than 100 years since slaves living in the Southern States of America had been freed, and this meant there were still very obvious social impacts. The moderate white southern American would see the black man as nothing more than an inconvinience, both socially and economically. They felt threatened by the fact that the people they had grown up being told was inferior to them had now begun to take their jobs, earn money and go to the same school as them. So it comes as little surprise that when the segregation of schools became unconstitutional in 1954 many white southerners were outraged. Source A shows the amount of black children attending school with white children from 1956 - 1962. It does show an increase, however I think it would be wrong to call this a success. This is because
President John F Kennedy - source related study.
President John F Kennedy G.C.S.E History Coursework ) In order to determine why President John F Kennedy is such a famous and controversial figure in history I must look at evidence from many different formats. I must use text books, video evidence and the internet. In using the internet I must decipher actual factual evidence from fabrication. John F Kennedy was the youngest man to ever hold the office of the President of the United States. He was also the first Roman Catholic to hold this office, these two factors along meant that Kennedy was famous and would go down in history. Kennedy had become a new breed of President, gone was the traditional conservative man in his 60's, who hated the media and worked behind closed doors. Kennedy looked well, he spoke well and he knew how to use the media to his advantage. In 1960 before Kennedy was elected to office, he won the first ever television election against Richard Nixon, Kennedy proved during this that he was a lot more comfortable in front of the cameras than his opponent. Kennedy used television to make himself popular with the American public, this meant that he was loved by the people, which is one of the reasons he is so famous. However there was a side to the President that means he will also go down in history as on of the most controversial Presidents. Kennedy was alleged to have had numerous affairs;
Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in helping the Blacks gain more civil rights in the 1960's? Explain your answer.
Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in helping the Blacks gain more civil rights in the 1960's? Explain your answer. Martin Luther King originated from Southern America in which conditions were sufficient, but substandard to the conditions in which the whites lived in. He was one of the few blacks to achieve a degree therefore was a well-educated man. In 1948 he graduated from Morehouse College in Atlanta with a B.A, after receiving his bachelor degree he attended Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester winning the Plafker award as the outstanding student at the graduating class. In 1865, after the American Civil War black people were no longer slaves but were treated inferior to whites. Blacks had remained second-rate and were given the worst salaried jobs these were amateurish jobs on farms and in factories. They were allowed same facilities as whites but had to be separate, this did not mean equal. Nearly all the time the amenities for the whites were more enhanced; in schools they had fewer books and bigger classes than in the whites schools. The Jim Crow laws in the southern States made blacks separate but not equal. It was difficult for the blacks to elect other blacks into public offices this was because: you have to register to vote in the United States, and the southern states stopped blacks from registering in various ways; poll