• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The main reason for the failure of the Gallipoli campaign was poor planning Do you agree?

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked ?The main reason for the failure of the Gallipoli campaign was poor planning? Do you agree? In 1914 Churchill put forward his plans for a naval attack on the Dardanelles in order to seize Constantinople and open a trade route with Russia, who was in dire need of supplies. That?s why in February 1915, the initial attack on the Dardanelles began yet just under a year later, it had become apparent that the campaign had failed and poor planning was certainly a major factor in the failure. A source states that ?there were no officers near us? which highlights the fact that the soldiers were left unaccompanied , which not only rendered them useless but also harmed the whole operation as valuable time was wasted, giving the Turks an opportunity to further strengthen their defences. ...read more.


The poor supplies harmed the already overwhelmed allied troops who simply stood no chance of defeating the Turks. Perhaps if preparation had been improved, the naval bombardment could have been consolidated quickly and ease but unfortunately that was not the case. Of less significance, but still crucial were the unfavourable conditions for the allies, as source shows - British troops at the bottom of a hill setting up their base, with the Turkish defenders present at the top of the hill. Naturally, the defenders had the advantage as they could pick of British soldiers with ease. However, the rough sea also made it difficult to land, characterised by a source which states that ?many who were wounded were swept away and drowned?, this depicts the fierce nature of the sea which was difficult to navigate through and a direct effect of this were delays at landing- which gave the Turkish defenders time to ambush and shoot the allies. ...read more.


Equally, they also prevented minesweepers clearing the straits making it impossible for the Navy to advance- as a result HMS irresistible and inflexible suffered critical damage, both eventually sinking. A source describes being ?pinned down on the beaches and hill sides by Turkish defenders? which often left the Allies helpless, seeing as they had no way of attacking the Turkish from lower ground. As a result a breakthrough was virtually impossible. In conclusion the Gallipoli campaign failed due to numerous reason although I think poor planning was indeed the main cause because I think that a breakthrough was immanent had the Turkish not been gifted extra time to improve their defences and consolidate their high position. Source D attributes the failure to poor planning and organisation- and I think this is correct because many soldiers too lacked focus on their individual roles within the campaign ultimately resulting in their failure. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. The aim of the Gallipoli campaign and why it failed?

    The Turks mounted an attack on the Allied trenches at Gallipoli the day after the troops had left, to find the trenches empty.

  2. Who Was Responsible for The Tragedy at Gallipoli in 1915?

    Already therefore, a large loss of life was down to the poor maps, (drawn up by the British), and a result of miscalculations by the British Navy. As a result of the troops' random placement around the shoreline, the Turks were able to cut down large numbers within minutes.

  1. Reasons the Dardanelles campaign failed to achieve its military objectives.

    During the first stage of the attack (February 1915) everything appeared to be going well; the ships were landing marines successfully, the trawlers setup as mine sweepers were doing there job. However, Admiral Carden fell ill, his second in command: Admiral de Robeck took over, the attack started to slow

  2. The failures of Gallipoli

    If they thought about this maybe less troops would have died and therefore maybe there would not have been a lack of troops. Dust and dirt also made life very difficult. Trenches sometimes had 8 meters difference between them so you couldn't throw grenades from one to the other due to the chance of them being thrown back.

  1. Why did the Gallipoli campaign of 1915 fail?

    If the Western Front needed to be won, then young, fit troops needed to be sacrificed from the deadlock to break it. The problems of not having these requirements was clear when an ageing, retired Stopford was appointed instead of more able, experienced generals.

  2. Which of the four reasons given below was most to blame for the failure ...

    Most of them were very old fashioned and inflexible. They had little experience of modern warfare and were easily out manoeuvred by the Turkish commanders. The Turks were led by Liman von Sanders who was a German general, but they did make some mistakes, for example they had a full

  1. Australia's role in World War II - The Gallipoli Campaign.

    Over 42 000 Turks occupied the ridges, trenches and hills of Gallipoli, all highly trained, well equipped and determined. In fact the boats had landed on a part of the coast that Birdwood and Australian officers had scanned from a warship a few days earlier and considered 'impossible' for an attempt at landing in the dark.

  2. Why was Operation Barbarossa a Failure?

    He thought that everyone in Russia will support him but he was very wrong as people of communist Russia had armed themselves and were ready to defend themselves and their nation from the Germans. In the German bombings on Russia; Germany dropped more bombs than it had in the whole of the Blitz in London.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work