Why was Hitler able to consolidate his position in Germanybetween January 1933 and August 1934?

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AS History                Katie Lee Major

Why was Hitler able to consolidate his position in Germany between January 1933 and August 1934?

In 1933, Hitler was made chancellor of Germany upon the death of the previous president. Millions of the people who voted for him were hoping for a restoration of Germany’s people and a change for Germany after the shame of Versailles. From this point on, Hitler found and made numerous ways to consolidate his power between January 1933 and August 1934. Many of these actions were made before 1933, such as The Munich Beer Hall Putsch and the writing of his book, Mein Kampf.

        Soon after Hitler was given the important role of chancellor, The Reichstag was set alight. A man by the name of Van der Lubbe was caught at the scene with the equipment to start a large fire. But was this a deed of a true pyromaniac? Some historians believe that Van der Lubbe (a Dutch communist) had been set up as part of a plan against the German Communists. The most realistic theory was that the fire was a Nazi plot to win votes for their final democratic campaign. Van der Lubbe was in contact with SA extremists in the Days which led up to the fire. Also, Goering boasted that it was him that engineered the events. People believed this assumption and votes toward the communist party dropped dramatically. As a result, Hitler and the Nazi Party were seen as the better party and support increased rapidly.

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        After the Reichstag Fire came the Emergency Decree for the Protection of the Nation and its State. These emergency powers allowed him to suspend all individual and civil liberties, take over all state governments and place all political opponents in ‘Protective Custody.’ This was a very important factor for Hitler and may have all been planned ahead before the Fire of the Reich even took place if the theory of the plot is correct.

        Propaganda was a large influence on voters at this time. On 13th of March 1933, Joseph Goebbels was appointed as head of the New Ministry of ...

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