Explain:A. How Human Greed and Selfishness is to blame for World Poverty.B. What can inspire some Christians to Care for the Needy.

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Chris Doyle 10tx

R.S. Coursework Assignment 2001:

) Explain:

A. How Human Greed and Selfishness is to blame for World Poverty.

B. What can inspire some Christians to Care for the Needy.

Poverty can be defined as the state of a person who cannot satisfy his own basic needs. Firstly, the term can be applied only to people who lack the needs that are 'necessary for survival', and secondly, it can be applied to those who lack needs that 'reflect the standard of living among society in general'.

The first meaning of poverty would refer to people who are starving, the second to those who have basic necessities but lack the extra comforts and conveininces that those around them enjoy.

To the people who spend their whole lives in poverty, and have no way to tackle it, it is a way of life. They are used to the lack of clean water and high energy/protein food, malnutrition and thirst are just there, although this does not stop it from causing pain and death. Secondary schools, telephones, civil rights and political freedom are simply not present in Third World countries where poverty is strife. The per capita income of a poor country normally means that the country has no money for treating the dying, let alone the immunisation of infants, leading to short life expectancy.

In a rich country like Britain, all of the indicators of human well-being that people in poor countries have no access to, are had by at least 99% of the population.

The reasons why certain countries are rich and others are poor, creating poverty, are varied. The richest countries in the world are mainly in the "west": the USA, Great Britain, France and Germany. Oil-rich countries such as Saudi Arabia have acquired funds simply from extracting "black gold" and selling it to the countries of the west. Normally, a country is rich because of its geography and history. Although even a country that is perfectly placed must have a history of greed to obtain and maintain wealth and comfort.

Geographically, the natural resources and climate often form a driving force behind the wealth of a nation (Japan being an exception in that it has hardly any natural resources and has made its money through technology.) Historically, a country's past shapes its development technologically and socially.

A good comparison between rich and poor, using geography and history as catalysts that display how rich and poor came to be, is with Europe and Africa. Europe is a relatively small continent and under Roman rule, which brought the continent stability, knowledge and a common goal, along with intelligent leadership and the birth of true human rights, Europe flourished. Geographically, Europe was almost perfect; with a balanced climate that easily supported the Roman Empire. Science, technology and power brought the continent wealth, which it has greedily held on to throughout history.

Africa, however, before being explored by Europeans, had no principle of central government and was fragmented into tribes and clans, constantly warring against each other and with no common goal. The climate is hot, dry and useless at supporting most crops, the people have had no methods for extracting the country's minerals and people there have always scraped a living.
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This probably makes Europeans sound like the saviours of a continent in turmoil, but in colonising Africa, Europeans behaved as they always have, greedily. To keep themselves rich, Europeans looted and plundered native wealth in the places they colonised and from 1500AD onwards, the resources and peoples of South America, Africa and some places in the Far East have been exploited by those who were 'better off'. Through this, the manipulation of poor countries has made sure that they remain poor and created poverty as we know it today.

Part of this exploitation was the Slave Trade, ...

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