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Muslims believe it was first built by Adam and later rebuilt by the Prophet Ibrahim and his son Isma'il. It is covered in a black silk and cotton cloth with the words of the Qur'an embroidered upon it. Inside, the Ka'bah is unfurnished. Ordinary pilgrims do not enter it. In one corner of the Ka'bah is the Black Stone. This is supposed to have been given to Ibrahim's son, Isma'il by the Angel Gabriel. The Qur'an wishes every Muslim to make the journey at least once in their life, but if this isn't possible, e.g.
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He is bare-headed, and one tries to forget one's self during the several days of the Hajj. He goes to 'Arafat, in the suburbs of Mecca, to pass there the day in meditation. Towards evening, he returns, passes the night at Muzdalifah, and early next morning arrives in Mina which is on the outskirts of Mecca. There he passes three days, during which he lapidates Satan every morning, sacrifices a goat, pays a short visit to Ka'bah for performing the ritual sevenfold circumambulation and running between the hills of Safa and Marwah in front of the Ka'bah.
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This links with the history of Hajj, because it is believed that Adam and Eve, after their fall, went to the plain of Arafat where they prayed for forgiveness from God. The place where they are believed to have prayed is now known as the 'mount of mercy'. Other reasons for the Pilgimage are to seek help with matters such as death or illness, and to seek protection from temptation and sins. a)ii) and b)i) Hajj begins the evening before the first day when the Hajji must take a bath to symbolize their entrance into the state of Ihram start wearing their Ihram dress.
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Muhammad encouraged the continuation of many of the old practices, but purified them by restoring what he believed to be their true meaning, in the worship of one god (monotheism). By doing this Muslims are said to be following the example (Sunnah) of Muhammad who performed these rituals all of those years ago. The Hajj is also important to them because the pilgrimage is commanded in the Holy Qur'an. "Perform the pilgrimage and the visit to Mecca for Allah. (Qur'an 2:196)
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Seeking forgiveness and making certain their family can survive without them. Although, these tasks should be completed whether or not a Muslim goes on Hajj but will give those who have lacked the motivation and not done it an incentive. Moreover, pilgrims will leave most of their possessions, wealth and jobs at home and this reminds the pilgrims of Ibrahim's sacrifices and means they can focus more on worship. Before, entering the area of Haram and performing Umrah and Hajj, the pilgrim will put on the Ihram which means the pilgrim has entered a state of spiritual purity.
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The pilgrim must be mature enough and knowledgeable enough to understand fully the significance of Hajj. Therefore, many pilgrims undertake Hajj lessons and buy or borrow books to prepare mentally and spiritually for hajj by learning about the pilgrimage, conditions to perform Hajj correctly and learn various supplications. The pilgrim must be able pay for all the expenses of Hajj but also provide for any dependents until their return and the money must be from Halal (legitimate) sources. Moreover, the Muslim community raise money for those who cannot go on Hajj without their financial aid. The pilgrim should also make a last will and testimony in case they die during Hajj.
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believed burial in the city of Makkah will bring Muslims closer to their God, and is a good indication of their dedication to Islam. A (ii) Hajj is widely considered essential in order to be a devout Muslim. It is one of the five pillars of Islam which are the biggest and main requirements of the religion. It is considered that Hajj is something of a ticket to heaven in the afterlife. The pilgrimage is to show ones self to Allah, and let him be the judge of character.
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Show how Participants in the Hajj Reminds a Modern Day Pilgrim of Historic Events in the Development of Islam The Hajj is very important to Muslims because each place on the Pilgrimage is associated with historic events based around the 5 main prophets, not only Muhammad but also Adam and Hawwa (eve), Ibrahim (Abraham), his second wife Hajar, and their son Isma'il. Adam and Hawwa were the first humans to be created by Allah but were unfortunately separated from each other after being banished from Al-Jannah.
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Converts learn the religion from scratch and throw away their old beliefs on becoming Muslims. Newly baptized Muslims re-learn the religion and are able to differentiate between Islam as a culture and Islam as a religion. They are brave enough to reject what is unIslamic as learned through their new understanding of the Qur'aan. They fallow this religion, separate from the culture even though they run the risk of being branded fanatics. Unfortunately, the majority of Malay Muslims confuse what is religion with what is culture. They take both as one and the same and practice religion as if it was part of the Malay culture, or adopt some of the old cultures thinking they are doing an Islamic thing.
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The Ka'bah is believed to be situated directly under the throne of Allah and is said to be the point at where he began to create the earth. The five pillars of Islam (shown in the diagram opposite) show and teach Muslims how to lead the 'straight and good life'. Each pillar has a different meaning and significance to Muslims, both for faith (ibadah) and for worship (iman). Whilst on Hajj there are certain rules which a Pilgrim must follow, these are as follow, * No perfume, not even soap, nor in food * No jewellery except a women's wedding ring.
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Borrowing the money in a loan or in some other form is not permitted and of course it should not be gained dishonestly or by means, which are not acceptable in the Islamic faith, such as gambling or stealing. Also if Muslims are too sick to make the journey they can give their Hajj savings to a substitute to go to Makkah in their place. The substitute must have already have made the pilgrimage on their own behalf. Those that cannot make the journey, for genuine reasons, make the journey have only to declare that it is their niyyah, their sincere hurtful intention to go on hajj, and their duty is seen in the eyes of Allah.
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The whole area around the city of Mecca is a special area. When the pilgrims arrive there, they do certain things in order to set themselves apart from ordinary life, and put their hearts, minds and souls in a proper state for what is to come. Male pilgrims replace their clothes with two pieces of white cloth one around the waist and the other over the left shoulder. Female pilgrims wear plain white clothes that cover every part of every body except their hands and faces. Women are able to have their faces uncovered during the Hajj because the opposite sex are also on Hajj and should not have any sexual thoughts about the women.
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Also the world was made by God and people would be sent to heaven or hell. Since Muhammad's death the Islamic rules have never changed. The second pillar, named Salat, is the pillar of praying five times a day. Muslims wash their face, arms, feet and passed their wet hands over their heads, before each prayer. Muezzins were people who called the Muslims to the mosques for prayer by shouting from tall towers called minarets. Laymen called imams lead the prayer, not priests. On the wall of the mosques there was a decorated ark called mihrab to tell the Muslims to pray to the direction of the Ka'ba in Mecca.
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This year, 2001, Hajj took place from fourth to the eighth of March. However preparations for Hajj must be undertaken before. Muslims must make sure their affairs are in order and that they have fulfilled all their obligations. An example of this is getting a friend to look after your hamster. When this is complete a Muslim is ready to embark on Hajj, however they are not ready to enter Makka. Before a pilgrim passes a maqit (a point marking Makka's city limits)
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Next all of the pilgrims run between two hills (Al-Safa and Al-Marwa). In the next stage they travel to Arafat which is the place where Mohammed did his last sermon. They hear a sermon talking about Mohammed's last sermon and then they travel to Mina where they stone three pillars representing the devil. The last stage is to go back to Mecca do another 7 circuits of the Ka'ba and go home. The story of the Ka'ba Adam and Eve After Adam and Eve had given in to temptation God banished them from their paradise and from each other.
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In his audience that Sunday afternoon were some of Britain's most radical Muslims. Even so, Smith and a team of fellow Christians conduct weekly debates at Britain's famous outdoor debating location called Speaker's Corner. For more than a century, Speaker's Corner in Central London has been what the guidebooks call a 'symbol of free speech'. On any given Sunday, anyone who has an opinion to air and anyone who will listen can gather beside the lush green grass of Hyde Park.
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Ihram is a seamless white garment, which the Muslims put on at certain places around the city called 'Miqat.' Men wear 2 white sheets, one around the waist and one over the left shoulder. Women wear long-sleeved ankle length garments, they are allowed to leave their faces uncovered. Because all Muslims must perform Hajj at sometime in their lives Muslims come from all over the world and the sacred mosque in Makkah 'Haram Sharif' has been enlarged so pilgrims can pray on4 floor, but still there is not enough room for all the Muslims who go on the hajj!
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It is the wish of every devout Muslim to perform the Hajj. Many other religions have pilgrimages i.e. Christianity-via dolorosa in Jerusalem. So why is the Hajj special or different from any other religions pilgrimage? As well as being a obligation on every Muslim with sufficient means to travel it is in the interest of the Muslim to go. Hajj brings about a wider sense of community and brotherhood between all Muslims if a Muslim goes not at Dhul-Hijjah but at any other time it is considered not as important. The prophet Muhammad.
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Sometimes a family or community collect money together to send poor Muslims on the journey. This shows that Muslims are a caring community. Borrowing money to carry out Hajj is not allowed as it is against Muslim rules. Muslims care for the weak and support the poor. Muslims that are too sick to carry out the journey can give their Hajj savings to charity or they can pay for a substitute to go to Makkah in their place. The substitute must have already completed Hajj them selves.
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The fast starts from the moment the new moon is seen, which is the beginning of the month. It finishes when the new moon is seen again at the beginning of the next month. Eid-Ul-Fitr is celebrated the following day.The reason why Ramadan is celebrated is because God commands it in the Quran, Ramadan was the month when Muhammed first heard the words of God, which were later written down as the Quran. So during Ramadan Muslims remember especially to thank God for his gift of the Quran. Another reason is that it teaches self-control, as it can be hard to go on without food or drink.
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"What are Islamic sexual and moral codes and how are these affected by living in a multicultural society?"
There are many meanings associated with multiculturalism. The simplest of definitions is found in any standard dictionary. The actual word means many cultures. Multicultural societies that I will concentrate on will be within Britain, in particular the area of Bradford, which is a large multi-cultural society. Multi-cultural societies operate on the cultural morals and values that have come through with time, change acceptance and attitudes. Examples of these can be seen in homosexuality. Although it is considered a grave sin and of wrong doing, homosexuality has largely come to be accepted by societies nowadays as "normal", where as looking ten years back there was much hatred and fear of homosexuality.
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In Taize prayer is the centre of the day. In between the services, activities and sessions are held where you can discuss such things as the origin of faiths and the meaning of life. In the afternoons at Taize song practice is held or you can attend another discussion about the mornings topics. Some people who go to Taize choose to spend their week in silence, only talking to the brothers and sisters. This is so they can reflect on themselves and become closer to God.
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All of this is done for 'taqwa', which is the love and fear that a Muslim shows towards Allah, and this journey is done to please God. There is also something called 'umrah' which is the lesser pilgrimage which is optional and can be performed at any time however this will not be looked upon as being equal to the Hajj. Hajj is a religious journey that all Muslims are expected to complete at least once in there lifetime Hajj begins in the twelfth month of the Islamic year.
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They are of much use to you. Pronounce over them the name of Allah as they line up: and when they have fallen down their sides, eat their flesh and feed with it with the poor and the beggar." 22:36 Hajj has rules, which should be kept; they are that no Muslims can have sexual intercourse during the Holy period. People should keep peace with everyone. There are many reasons why masses of Muslims from all around the globe carry out Hajj. One of the reasons is that Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam and is a compulsory duty upon a Muslim.
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The Hajj makes Muslims feel real importance of life here on earth, and the afterlife, by stripping away all markers of social status, wealth, and pride. In the Hajj all are truly equal. The Hajjis or pilgrims wear simple white clothes called Ihram. During the Hajj the Pilgrims perform acts of worship and they renew their sense of purpose in the world. Mecca is a place that is holy to all Muslims. It is so holy that no non-Muslim is allowed to enter.
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