Science Research Project - Organ Transplants

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B3 Transplants

Question 1

Since 1950, there had been many attempts to successfully transplant organs and tissues, only a few of these transplants are successful, here is the list of the successful transplants since 1950:

1954: First successful kidney transplant

1966: First successful pancreas transplant

1967: First successful liver transplant

1967: First successful heart transplant

1981: First successful heart/lung transplant

1983: First successful lung lobe transplant

1984: First successful double organ transplant

1986: First successful double-lung transplant

1995: First successful laparoscopic live-donor nephrectomy

1997: First successful allogeneic vascularized transplantation of a fresh and perfused human knee joint

1998: First successful live-donor partial pancreas transplant

1998: First successful hand transplant

1999: First successful Tissue Engineered Bladder

2005: First successful partial face transplant

2006: First jaw transplant to combine donor jaw with bone marrow from the patient.

2008: First successful complete full double arm transplant

2008: First baby born from transplanted ovary.

2008: First transplant of a human windpipe using a patient’s own stem cells.

2008: First successful transplantation of near total area (80%) of face, (including palate, nose, cheeks, and eyelid)

2010: First full facial transplant,

2011: First double leg transplant.

This information was taken from  and may not be reliable as people are able to edit this information online.

From all of these organs and tissues that have been successfully transplanted, these include, the kidneys, which are the most common organ tissue, around the world, there had been a total of 14,082 kidney transplants. Here is a map showing the number of kidney transplants around the world.

The map above shows the number of kidney transplants in the nation in 2002. Kidney transplants are unevenly spread around the world, most of these are scattered in USA and Europe, and there is a low number of Kidney Transplants in Asia. The largest number of transplants is in Germany, reaching up to 1873 per year and the lowest in Luxembourg at only 5. I think this information is reliable because it was taken from a reliable website, nation master.

The second highest most common transplant is the Corneas: which are the most common tissue transplants. More than 40,000 cornea transplants are performed in the United States each year, according to the Eye Bank Association of America 2008 Statistical Report.

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Question 2

Autograft is the tissue transplanted from one part of the body to another in the same individual. Also known as an autotransplant. Common examples of autografts are skin transplants in burn patients and bypass surgery in patients suffering from coronary heart disease.

Allograft is the transplant of an organ or tissue from one individual to another of the same species with a different genotype. For example, a transplant from one person to another, but not an identical twin, is an allograft. Allografts account for many human transplants, including those ...

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