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International Baccalaureate: History

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  1. Golan Heights

    "Overlooking northern Israel and southern Syria, the heights give Israel an excellent vantage point for monitoring Syrian movements" (BBC News, 1) "The strategic value of the Golan Heights to Israel cannot be overstated. As with the mountain ridges of Judea and Samaria (the West Bank), the visual and radar stations located there give advance warning of any approach from Syria" (Palestinianfacts,1)." "The area is also a key source of water for an arid region. Rainwater from the Golan's catchment feeds into the Jordan River.

    • Word count: 1975
  2. Winston Churchill: Why did he lose the 1945 elections?

    The last part of the investigation will conclude an answer to the title topic, and will also include a powerful quote by Winston Churchill, summarizing his aim in World War II. B) Description of the evidence There are many facts and evidence pointing to why Winston Churchill lost the 1945 elections in Great Britain. Winston Churchill was said to use more aggressive and war like policies, rather than policies that could work for the nation itself. Churchill admitted that he was "very lonely without a war".

    • Word count: 1993
  3. How were the evils of the Industrial Revolution addressed in England? Evaluate the positive and negative effects of the industrial revolution?

    In addition, many children were obliged to work in factories for copious amounts of time in a day. The working conditions for the labour force of England were dismal. This led to the government imposing some laws, in order to address the disadvantages brought by the Industrial Revolution. These laws restricted the working hours and stressed on the required minimum age of workers. From 'Document 2', an excerpt from the Health and Moral Act of 1802 states the government's act towards this matter, "The minimum age of employment shall be nine years. The working day for children under fourteen shall be limited to twelve hours."

    • Word count: 1125
  4. Was there continuous economic decline in Britain from 1951 to 1990

    Also, the was a failure to invest and restructure after the war. As C. Barnett puts it, "the British economy relied on a Victorian structure," meaning that Britain failed to modernize its industry in machinery and in management methods. The number of working hours spent for manufacturing was also significantly higher in Britain than in other countries, making it hard for Britain to compete on the international scene. Moreover, there was a failure to succeed in the drive for exports. Indeed, Britain's share of trade in the world was more than halved in 20 years!

    • Word count: 1870
  5. Great Depression and effect on Britain

    The heavy industry was hit the worst. They were the industries that created the foundations of Britain's economy. They were steel & iron, cotton, coal mining and shipbuilding. Production of steel dropped from 9.2 million tons in 1929 to 5.2 million in 1931. In 1933, 30% of Glaswegians were umployed due to the severe decline in heavy industry. They were badly affected because other countries could not afford to buy Britain's goods as they were expensive and could be bought cheaper from countries such as Japan and Germany. Also, many Britain's industries relied on each other to buy their goods.

    • Word count: 1087
  6. Civil War Prompt

    This idea, where people had more loyalty to their own state than they did their country, is called sectionalism and it created many problems for the United States. One of the main problems that sectionalism influenced was the dispute over slavery. Northern states believed that practicing slavery made states stagnant, dependent on free labor, and that it denied them opportunities to advance; this belief was known as the Free Soil Ideology. Southern states disagreed and thought highly of slavery because it powered their economies.

    • Word count: 1013
  7. Napoleon: Son or Enemy of the Revolution

    He was very harsh regarding independence and freedom of an individual, nevertheless, made his people believe otherwise. He used propaganda to make the French think that he was a considerate ruler. He manipulated public opinion by publishing only favorable material and by extensive use of what Hitler called 'the Big Lie'. Confident in the image created by a carefully controlled press and by the paintings of David and G�ricault, Napoleon was able to appeal directly to the people for their support.

    • Word count: 1513
  8. Cause of WW1

    The basic logic behind Weltpolitik saw the Kaiser claim that German industrial expansion was so dependent on imports that a vast colonial empire was needed, with a large navy to support it. Thus, Weltpolitik was committed to a large programme of naval expansion, which subsequently lead to the rivalry and pre-war tension between Great Britain. All major powers resisted the German move towards becoming a dominant world power, resulting in Germany taking only small territorial gains. The policy was costly and resulted in other European powers regarding Germany as a real danger to peace.

    • Word count: 1062
  9. Rwanda Genocide

    During the ruling of Belgium over Rwanda in 1918 (encyclopedia, 2010), the Belgiums segregated Rwanda into two main ethnic groups: The Hutus and the Tutsis, who originally shared exactly the same beliefs, tradition and language. Before the Belgiums seized power of Rwanda from Germany at the Berlin Conference in 1885 (wikipedia, 2010), the people of Rwanda were united and peaceful. However after Rwanda fell to the hands of the Belgiums, the Tutsis, the minority of the population, were given much more privileges than the Hutus, the majority, for having European features : Longer nose, lighter skin, taller figure etc.

    • Word count: 1594
  10. Bismarcks diplomatic policy

    This was an example of great diplomatic skill as friendship with Russia could be helpful for Bismarck if contemplating a war with Austria in the future. The Tsar declined Bismarck's help, but Bismarck's support was vital for Prussia, as in the likely event of a war with France or Austria, Russia would probably remain neutral, especially since the Tsar had been deeply offended by Austria and France's criticism of his actions. This is an example of how Bismarck's diplomatic skill would, in the long run, help contribute to victory in the long run, and thus his diplomatic skill was important.

    • Word count: 1582
  11. Absolutism DBQ

    Document 5 was written by Louis XIV himself to his heirs. Louis could have been biased for himself. A lot of people thought that they were doing the right thing which ultimately brings about their downfall. While Louis was extremely successful in converting the country to Catholicism, the repeal of the Edict of Nantes was the pebble that brought down the wall and brought down Louis after his many wars and subsequent failures. According to him, he extremely respected religion. Particularly, he respected the impact religion had on political power. Because of this Louis repealed the Edict of Nantes and changed the state religion to Catholicism and demanded that everyone convert

    • Word count: 1880
  12. Compare and Contrast the causes of World War I and World War II

    Britain, on the other hand, did not want Germany to increase its power through the gaining of colonies. As a result, a strong rivalry developed between these two powerful nations. This rivalry was a long term cause of World War One. Nationalism also became a long term cause of World War Two. Both Germany and Italy were very angry with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Consequently, this treaty created suitable ground for the growth of nationalism in both Italy and Germany. Nationalism appeared in these two countries under fascism. In Italy the rise to power of Mussolini was based on the idea that Italy could be the best country in Europe.

    • Word count: 1034
  13. How far was Hitler successful in achieving his aims?

    Once he achieved this, he worked on defying the Treaty of Versailles. His intense nationalism gave birth to the hatred he felt towards the Treaty and, like many German citizens, blamed it for the economic problems they were having at the time resulting in high unemployment rates (over five million by November 1932) (2).Hitler defied the treaty, refusing to pay reparations from 1933. He then went on to re-introduce conscription in 1935 resulting in the army increasing dramatically. In 1936 he opposed the treaty again by re-militarising the Rhineland which was supposed to be a de-militarised buffer zone between France and Germany (4).

    • Word count: 1230
  14. Compare and contrast the causes of the First World War and the Second World War

    Similarly, it could be argued that Germany planned to go to war a second time pre-WWII, the evidence supporting this being Hitler's 'Mein Kamf' which clearly outlined Hitler's expansionist aims. These two examples show how in both cases of the causes of WWI and WWII it can be argued that German aggression acted as a major catalyst. It can also be argued, however, that it was specifically due to the failure of the ToV that Hitler came to write 'Mein Kamf' at all, or indeed that he communicated his message successfully.

    • Word count: 1290
  15. Evaluate the successes and failures of one ruler of a single party state: Hitler's Germany

    He was successful in eliminating those he did not feel the world had room for, for examples 20,00 Jews being sent to concentration camps after Kristallnacht and his 1939-41 Euthanasia program killing 72,000 physically and mentally handicapped. One could argue that Hitler failed in spreading his ideology because he did not succeed in complete world domination and he did not succeed in the extermination of all Jews. Yet for most of Hitler's rule, and from Hitler's perspective, he was successful in spreading his ideology and the Nazi message.

    • Word count: 1230
  16. Assess the importance of ideological differences in the outbreak of the Cold War

    This shows how ideology played an important role in the start of the Cold War. The Comintern would have spread mistrust and fear in the West, and the USSR would have felt alienated by the West in their attempt to help the White Army. The relations between the USSR and the USA started of shakily due to ideological differences as well as mistrust. This shows how it was the interconnection of few factors that created tensions leading to the outbreak of Cold War. After WWII Europe was divided into two minds. The west was occupied with west America and its Allies and the East was occupied by the Red Army of Russia.

    • Word count: 1106
  17. Obstacles faced during Stalins rise to power

    Firstly, he managed to decrease Trotsky appeal as Russia's next leader. He was able to do this because in 1922 as General Secretary of the party Stalin was given the duty to handle lenin's enrolment which required him to mass hire new party officials who were previously surviving under bleak circumstances, without a proper education or any experience in the political arena. As a result, these na�ve new comers were completely devoted and loyal to Stalin for they viewed him as the person who gave them an opportunity to better their lives. As Stalin's popularity rapidly increased, Trotsky's fell drastically.

    • Word count: 1134
  18. When looking at Botticelli and his specific works, how does he embody the concept of the Renaissance artist?

    The renaissance is distinguished by its admiration towards classical antiquity and the effort of many artists to pattern their lives on the image of men portrayed by Greek and Latin classics4. The combining of the old and the new depicted this rebirth of painting. Botticelli represents the renewal of Greek and Roman classics in his works of art seeing as he was often inspired by classical artists, from which he got his ideas for some of his most renowned paintings.

    • Word count: 1686
  19. Italaian Unification Notes

    changed everything, seen as evidence of growing national consciousness, local grievances were more important than Italian nationalism; Pope Pius dissociated himself from war against Austria and called on Italians to remain loyal to their present rulers * Mazzini appealed to France, Austria and Spain for help * Garibaldi led a gallant defense of Rome before the city fell in July 1849 * Pius set up a reactionary gov * King Charles Albert - reactionary � 1848 - granted a constitution (the Statuto)

    • Word count: 1436
  20. The Fear of Communism and its Effects on Australia in the 1950s and 60s.

    The domino theory was a theory in which the countries of Asia would "fall like dominoes" one after the other, under the power of communists. This theory was convincing yet very manipulating. Robert Menzies used this towards his advantage and won the elections. He had the public convinced that communism was an issue that had to be tackled immediately. He was able to get the public believing that there was more communist influence over Australia than there actually was, and with this he had the nation in fear and therefore under his control.

    • Word count: 1580
  21. The Curtiss P-40 Flying Tigers - fighting the Japanese in China.

    Due to the immense success of its missions despite the odds against it, the superior tactics of its commander, and the mythical status and media attention it has drawn, the Flying Tigers show that although modern society has come to depend heavily on technology, there are still instances in which morale and perseverance overpower technological handicaps. Though hard work and human perseverance, the Flying Tigers were able to detain Japanese advancement on Southern Asia and achieve astonishing success. The main purpose of the Flying Tigers was to protect the Burma Road, the vital and sole supply line of foreign defense equipment for China that runs from Rangoon to Kunming.

    • Word count: 1619
  22. To what extent do you agree that the Cultural Revolution was a struggle for control over the future of the Chinese revolution?

    To do this Mao removed all possible source of opposition, broke the power of the urban bureaucrats to restore the peasant character of China, as well as ensuring that the concept of permanent revolution continued after his death. These actions conducted by Mao underline the notion that the Cultural Revolution was indeed "a struggle for control over the future of the Chinese revolution". This idea of a power struggle was emphasized by Mao's attempts to consolidate the notion of continual revolution.

    • Word count: 1016
  23. An impressive but flawed (imperfect) achievement. Is this a fair assessment of Communist rule in China between 1949 and 1961?

    Shortly after his accession to power, Mao announced that the People's Republic of China was ready to begin the reconstruction of China under communism as opposed to the nationalist predecessors. He intended to consolidate his power in China, by enforcing both military and political control over the nation. Militarily, Mao launched a series of reunification campaigns creating three separate communist armies, which were dispatched west, and south. Having thus tightened its military grip over the nation. Mao's government now turned its attention to extending political control, and by 1951 the 'anti-movement' were introduced.

    • Word count: 1204
  24. Gay Marriage Essay

    Also in Romans 1:26 the Bible says that man and female relationships are natural while homosexual relationships are unnatural. (Jim) In Judaism the Torah states that "a man must not lie with a man as he would a woman" Another example is that in Islam there is a law called the Sharia which tells Muslims the proper way to live. And because of this law many Islamic countries have the death penalty for homosexuals because it is against the Sharia.

    • Word count: 1210
  25. The French Revolution

    During Napoleon's period in rule, the press was expected to act as the unquestioning voice of the government and the outlet for their official propaganda. Napoleon wrote, "The newspapers are always ready to seize on anything which might undermine public tranquility...Newspapers...announce and prepare revolutions and in the end make them indispensable. With a smaller number of newspapers it is easier to supervise them and to direct them more firmly towards the strengthening of the constitutional regime...I will never allow the newspapers to say or do anything against my interest."

    • Word count: 1191

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