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International Baccalaureate: History

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  1. Analyse the conditions and the methods used which helped in the rise to power of Mao

    To begin with, while the GMD controlled more territory than the CCP, with most of the population being under their control, their control in many areas was not complete as they had failed to remove warlords in some areas. Thus an agreement was made with warlords that they could control their own area whilst GMD controlled the central government, which weakened their ability to mobilise the whole nation in support of their struggle against the CCP. The GMD also failed to improve factory conditions despite the laws in place, and there was no improvement in peasant poverty, with the peasants contributing to the majority of the population.

    • Word count: 1617
  2. Despite his apparently liberal policies, Alexander II was just as conservative as Alexander III. To what extent do you agree with this statement?

    At the time it was seen to be hugely reformist because in theory it gave the serfs freedom. Alexander II was thus seen to be highly liberal as a consequence. However, it could be argued that this was a very conservative movement because of its lack of success. The redemption taxes made it very difficult for peasants to leave their land and they received too little for their farming to be successful. These consequences mean that this particular aspect of Alexander II?s rule was highly conservative like the counter reforms put in place by his son. This is because the emancipation made it very difficult for any change to occur because the peasants were still effectively owned, just

    • Word count: 862
  3. Analyze the methods used and the circumstances which assisted in Hitlers rise to power

    In this paper we will analyze the methods used, and the circumstances which assisted in Hitler?s rise to power. Hitler was a brilliant speaker and a good organizer and politician. He was a driven, unstable man, who believed he had been called by God to become dicator of Germany and rule the world. Most Germans might have given up on Germany?s future, on the other hand, Hitler?s determination, pride and self-belief persuaded people to believe in him. (Adolf Hitler-Why did the Weimar republic survive the crises of 1919- 1923- humanities worksheets) Hitler used his ability and General skills as a method to rise to power because he knew that the German citizens were weak, and feared of what was going to happen to them in the future.

    • Word count: 1699
  4. To what extent was the great depression the reason for Hitlers rise to power?

    First of all due to the great depression, Germany was passing through the worst moment in history, Germans were starving and dying full of diseases and it seem like none could help them so they were desperate. Hitler used his image to look powerful and convince the population that he would help and he would do something to help them, even though he didn?t know what he was going to do. He had a loud, strong, monotonous voice that gave people the feeling of security with him.

    • Word count: 922
  5. The Westeinde is one of the higher parts of The Hague, and the story of the British Embassy - the house on the Westeinde - begins over 500 years ago when the Hall of Knights in the centre of The Hague was a hunting lodge

    Now this Gerrit van Assendelft is not the first known person of that name. There was a Gerrit who in 1313 was appointed to be "schout" (or sheriff) of Assendelft - a small town about fifteen miles to the north-west of Amsterdam. I have not yet been able to research into the early family history but it appears that this Gerrit had an eldest son named Berthout, who bought a castle known as Assumburg Castle and became thereby an "Ambachtsheer" or Lord of the Manor. When he died, the ownership of the castle passed to his younger brother, another Gerrit van Assendelft, who married a natural daughter of Duke Albrecht, of Bavaria: "Count of Holland and Zeeland and Lord of Friesland".

    • Word count: 5928
  6. The Origins of World War I

    By 1914, it is clear that alliances, the arms race, and imperialism were all essential proceedings that gave cause to World War I. The late 1890?s were subject to puzzling alliances linking and dividing the great European powers (Allan). The major alliances during this time period were known as Triple Alliance and the Entente Cordiale. The Triple Alliance was formed between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and later Italy. The Entente Cordiale consisted of France, Britain, and Russia. The alliance system meant that a dispute between any two European powers ran the risk of developing into a confrontation across Europe (Allan).

    • Word count: 902
  7. History Notes - Stalin's rise to power

    base, took up positions that he could use to put his own supporters into important posts and transfer supporters of his opponents to remote posts. Played opponents against each other, (e.g. he took Bukharin?s side in the debate on the NEP to get rid of Trotsky and when that was done, he opposed Bukharin using Trotsky?s arguments). Trotsky?s Flaws The opponent?s underestimation of Stalin His ?appeared? relation and association with Lenin.

    • Word count: 496
  8. What were the most significant factors in the ending of the apartheid system and who was more significant in that process: Nelson Mandela or F.W. de Klerk?

    were crucial to the end of segregation in South Africa and the significance of their influence is not questioned. There were many factors, people and events that had major and minor impacts on both the end of apartheid and the decisions of Mandela and de Klerk. These factors included The United Nations, sanctions from surrounding nations, protest from the general public, several anti-apartheid groups, black activists, the ANC (African National Congress), violent uprisings, and black opposition in trade unions and schools among many others. It is clear just by the sheer amount of opposition that apartheid was severely disputed throughout both the country and the entire world.

    • Word count: 1700
  9. Why did Tsarism fail to survive the first world war

    It gave ultimate power to the Tsar without regard to the people?s suggestions, requests or will. Russia was stuck in the middle ages. It used horses instead of motor transport, and lacked efficient lines of communication which meant that it took weeks before the Tsar?s message was delivered to the far outskirts of Russia. Most villages did not know much about the Tsar, or even that he existed. The state of the society, economy and politics were appalling and prohibited the continuation of such a regime at the start of the 20th century. Rather, caused its demise.

    • Word count: 2987
  10. Examine the impact of foreign intervention on the Spanish Civil War

    As aforementioned, although foreign support was received on both fronts, there was an unbalance of foreign support. The Republicans were being supported by the USSR, who was frightened by the threat of spreading Fascism throughout Europe but was determined to wear down the weapons and power of Germany in order to prevent another battle in the future, whilst the Nationalists were being supported by both Italy and Germany. The idea of a third fascist empire on the border of France appealed tremendously to Hitler. Furthermore, Hitler realized the opportunity of moving to Mussolini, thus, loosen the tension between one of the powers, Italy.

    • Word count: 979
  11. The Founding of the USA. Analysis of Terry Bouton's book "Taming Democracy".

    They passed certain political and fiscal laws to ensure that they remained relevant in the scheme of things. The rich were supposed to stay rich while the ?have-nots? were not given much of an opportunity to climb up the social ladder. It also chronicles the importance of the peasants such as farmers and how they shaped the society at the time. Civil disturbances were seen as rebellious and ephemeral, and as such were not given much of a look-in until they metamorphosed into civil disobedience.

    • Word count: 826
  12. US History essays -Urban Growth and Civil War Reconstruction

    - Water: P: Cities could not provide safe drinking water. Cities such as New York and Cleveland had built public waterworks to handle the increasing demand. R: Filtration was introduced in the 1870?s and chlorination in 1908. - Sanitation: P: Horse manure piled up on the streets, sewage flowed through open gutters, and factoris spewed foul smoke into the air. R: Scavengers were hired to sweep the streets, sewer lines were created and sanitation departments established. - Crime: P: As the population increased, pickpockets and thieves flourished. R: Full time, salaried police force was created in 1844.

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  13. History IA - George Kennan's long telegram

    This investigation will base itself on multiple primary journals, contemporary newspapers which give insight into the different perspectives on the influence of the Long Telegram. The original copy of the Long Telegram itself, and the book ?George F. Kennan and the Making of American Foreign Policy 1947-1950? by Wilson D. Miscamble, which describes and analyses the origin, content, and purpose of Kennan?s Long Telegram will be the two main sources that will be examined in this investigation. Summary of Evidence 2.1 The Post-World War II Scenario Following the Potsdam Agreement which had seen Stalin, Churchill, and Truman plan a post-Nazi German government, it was clear that the US-Soviet relations were no longer what they had been during the war.

    • Word count: 1648
  14. To what extent were economic conditions the predominant factor in the proliferation and manifestation of Nationalsocialist ideology in post World War I Germany?

    Through understanding the structure and general mentality of the Bismarckian Empire that preceded the ephemeral Weimar democracy, as well as the devastating First World War that procured the sudden consummation of the Wilhelmine era, one may obtain a thorough appreciation for the context in which the ideology of Nazism flourished. A supposition developed out of this more profound knowledge must surely transcend the superficial notion that Nazism succeeded in Germany simply due to an inherent characteristic of the German people.

    • Word count: 6961
  15. To what extent did Huey Long act as a threat to Franklin Roosevelts presidency?

    Long expressed his support for Roosevelt in a speech to help campaign for Roosevelt during the Democratic National Convention of 1932.[2] As U.S. Senator, Long gradually came to view Roosevelt?s First New Deal as inadequate.[3] Long accused Roosevelt of doing very little to redistribute wealth. Long criticized the National Recovery Act because he felt that it was not fair that businesses were not given the power to alter the prices or lower wages once they were back on track.[4] Long felt that the regulations of the act decreased production and put the consumers at a disadvantage because they were forced to accept the high prices.

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  16. To what extent was the success of Stalin in retaining power between 1929 and 1954 due to the appeal of communism?

    Stalin?s theory of Socialism in One Country was opposite of Trotsky?s. Stalin argued that the USSR must be dealt with first in governmental plans and that the rest of the world should be dealt with after. He said the Communists should focus on building the economy of the USSR and not waste money on aiding other groups abroad. Overall, Stalin?s theory appealed much more to the people of Russia, and therefore helped him retain power immensely. One of the main goals of Communism is to share the wealth of the country equally among its people.

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  17. Why did collective security fail to keep the peace between 1920 and 1935?

    The League of Nations failed to meet its goal of becoming an organization that was able to have a certain amount of power over all countries. As all organizations do the League had its weaknesses. The US and Russia never did join the League and Germany didn?t join until 1926. This was not a problem in the 1920s, when the League dealt mainly with small countries like Sweden and Finland (Aaland Islands, 1921), Turkey (Mosul, 1924) and Bulgaria and Greece (1925).

    • Word count: 1095
  18. Why did Alexander II introduce a program of reforms at the beginning of the 1860s? To what extent were his reforms successful?

    This then led to the thought of abolishing serfdom. Most powerful Nobles did not agree but Alexander said ?It is better to abolish serfdom from above than to wait for the time when it begins to abolish itself from below?[1]. Hereinafter, the Emancipation of the Serfs was implemented; the serfs would have to pay to be free. Another reason that Alexander II had, behind this Emancipation was to free up the workers so they could move to industrial Centers or the urban area.

    • Word count: 1720
  19. Executive Dysfunction: Franklin Delano Roosevelts Health and Effectiveness in His Final Term of Presidency

    The President?s fervor was impressive, but that speech alone is home to more criticism because of his incredibly deprived speech ability than because of his moving words. The ?successful effort? that FDR refers to has been questioned for over 70 years by historians, politicians, diplomats, geopolitical theorists, and even by his own personal advisors, secretaries, aides and interpreters. FDR?s Health and Status Pre-1944 Election Roosevelt?s third term had comprised the United States? entry into WWII. FDR was almost unanimously nominated for the Democratic ballot, and won the 1944 election in an Electoral College landslide, 432 to 99.

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  20. To what extent did the failures of the Provisional Government cause the November 1917 Revolution?

    The war had worsened Russia?s already military, social and economic crisis; soldiers had few supplies if at all, munitions were scarce, their health had deteriorated due to freezing temperatures and tiredness, while Russia itself had been a victim of shortages of raw material, fuel and food, increasing inflation, lagging wages, diseases and deaths. And economically, Russian war expenditure from 1914 to 1917 had been of 22,293,950,000 dollars[8]. Therefore, the decision to keep on fighting such a war implied an even more crippled Russia and an angrier population, two factors which favoured Bolshevism.

    • Word count: 1235
  21. How did the First World War begin and what were the impacts in the aftermath of the devastation?

    Princip happened to be in a cafeteria which came in the route the Archduke was to take. As Princip was standing outside, miserable about not having killed the Archduke, he saw the car pass at 10.45 and fired two shots with an automatic pistol, killing both the Archduke and his wife. After killing them, he swallowed his poison but it didn?t work, he was therefore taken to the prison; all of them were except Mehmedbasic and the organizer was hanged since the others were way too young for death penalty.

    • Word count: 1338
  22. Stalin brought to his people nothing but harm.' To what extent do you agree with this assesment of Stalin's policies up to 1939

    Joseph Stalin was not a good landlord for the people in his country. Vladimir Lenin appointed, in 1922, Joseph Stalin as his successor - the Secretary General of the Bolshevik Party.However, shortly before his death,in his testament, Lenin wrote that Stalin is 'too violent' and that 'concentrated too much power in his hands' in the struggle for succession after the leader of the revolution. Lenin suggested that Stalin was moved away from power and rule. It follows that Lenin foresaw the danger that threatened his countrymen, when the man like Stalin would continue the ideas of socialism.

    • Word count: 1116
  23. Applying History to the Present - comparing the recessions of the 1920s and the 2000s.

    The economic boom in the market of both the 1920?s and the 2000?s prompted citizens to purchase. The excess of purchases caused the values of products and faith in the market to skyrocket. These financial highs led people to believe the market would not come down or readjust, creating an unsupported optimism in the markets. This provided no fundamental basis for the markets; both the industries and the people were borrowing money to make money. While valid, these slight similarities in market booms are not enough to state that unsupported optimism was the major cause of both the Great Depression and the Global Recession.

    • Word count: 789
  24. What is history?

    History has chronicled our colourful centuries, placed our achievements and errors on record. If every adult analyzed the history of their parents? generation, we might well live in a world where we didn?t make the same mistakes twice. The job of the historian has always been challenging. Determining what constitutes a historical fact ? as well as choosing the facts relevant to the situation - is far from easy. But in the words of E. H. Carr, praising a historian for getting the facts right is like ?praising an architect for using well seasoned timber in his building ? a necessary condition of his work, but not its essential function?.

    • Word count: 504
  25. In what ways, and with what results had Stalin developed the Soviet Union into a major industrial power by 1941?

    and modernize the backward peasantry by sharing of modern equipment. Urban population working in heavy industry could now be fed. Grain harvest improved by about 2 million tons since 1928 to 1935. Considering Russia?s large agricultural areas, this step forward helped to boost its economy by exports of now higher output and feeding the workers in towns. Another way to develop Russia was introduction of targets and strict discipline. There was state planning organization called Gosplan that set targets for the industry.

    • Word count: 1077

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