• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A comparison about Mussolinis and Hitlers domestic policies.

Extracts from this document...


A comparison about Mussolini's and Hitler's domestic policies. Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler are for most people seen as two of the worlds worst leaders during all times. They both did horrible things that had devastating consequences and if we look closer at the two individuals we will see that there were several similarities between the two of them and their way of leading their country. They both had stronger and more successful domestic policies then foreign policies. Economic policy Both Mussolini and Hitler aimed for the same goal: to rule over a self-sufficient country without unemployment. They both believed that this was possible by boosting exports and reducing imports, this policy is also known as "autarky". During Hitler's time in power the German economy was very organized since the state controlled the industry by telling the industrialists what to produce, how much to produce and the price of the product. ...read more.


For example, history books were rewritten to support Hitler's theory that great things could only be achieved by force and biology books were rewritten to support the Nazi race theory. But it was not only the books that were supervised, also teachers, lectures and professors were closely watched to make sure that they did not express any personal opinion that did not support the Nazis. Also the educations in Italy were closely supervised and new books were written to support the fascists. Students were also encouraged to criticize their teachers if they showed a lack of enthusiasm for the party. Italian children were forced to join the government's youth organizations, where they were convinced that everything was seen in terms of struggling. "Believe, Obey, Fight!" was something that the children were told, which meant that they should show total obedience to the authorities. At the age of 14 all boys in Germany had to join the "Hitler youth" and all girls the "League of German Maidens". ...read more.


But in Italy Mussolini signed a agreement with the Roman Catholic Church since it was a powerful institution. The agreement covered that the church governed the spiritual side and Mussolini governed the political side of Italy. Treatment of minorities This is where Mussolini and Hitler's views on how to rule a country differed greatly. Hitler's considered that Jews and other "undesirable" such as gypsies, homosexual and retarded people didn't deserve to live and sent them to different concentration camps where most of them sooner or later would die. Nothing was as big as Hitler's hate to the Jewish people and 1938 he authorized what became known as the "Kristallnacht"( the "Night of Broken Glass"). The Kristallnacht was the night when Nazis attacked and burned down synagogues and other Jewish properties throughout the whole Germany. At the end of the World War Two it became clear that Hitler almost managed with his mission to exterminate all the Jews; out of total 9 million Jews living in Europe before the war, were 5.7 million of them murdered during the war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Compare and contrast Mussolini's and Hitler's rise to power

    Whitlam describes military/fascist association in Italy during the Biennio Rosso when Army leaders would often ignore fascist violence against socialist demonstrators and even advocate such behavior. The German and Italian military held very anti-socialist and anti-liberalist views, largely owing to the war time losses and Versailles failures.

  2. The Domestic Policies of Stalin

    In March 1939 Stalin declared the "mass purges" to be over on the eighteenth party congress. Millions had, mostly innocently, been sent to the gulags, killed or been imprisoned. This shows that Stalin was brutal, dictatorial and totalitarian as he murdered whoever was in his way even if it was

  1. He brought his country and his people nothing but harm. To what extent do ...

    and sheep flocks respectively were slaughtered as the peasants resisted a ?Second Serfdom? being forced upon them. Nevertheless, within the first five years of collectivisation, the urban population grew by 12 million as ?having been bludgeoned into joining kolkhozes, hundreds of thousands of peasant families left the countryside rather than

  2. Evaluate the impact on Italy of Mussolini's domestic and foreign policies between 1922 and ...

    Although most of his economic policies were unconsidered and thus failed still he did much for Italy's economic improvement. First of all Mussolini significantly improved the private sector businesses by imposing the "laissez faire" policy thus decreasing the balance of payment deficit.

  1. Did Mussolinis foreign policies achieve their aims?

    The Corfu Incident, as such, was a demonstration of the seriousness that Mussolini had with the violent struggle to be a nation that would remain an international contender for power and prestige. This opinion is perhaps the most traditional and common amongst historians and thus why historians, like Macgregor Knox

  2. To what extent were the social changes in Germany between 1865 and 1890 the ...

    post-war settlement of the Treaty of San Stefano revised at the Congress of Berlin.[9] Not only did Bismarck ruin the triumph of the Russians but he also proved his absolute and arbitrary rule over Europe. As the League of the Three Emperors dissolved, Bismarck negotiated a dual alliance with the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

  1. Which of indoctrination and repression proved most effective for consolidating Hitler's power (1933-1939)?

    Thus it was evident for the Nazis to bring these under their control. Goebbels first move was to ban all the SPD and KDP newspapers. After these were banned the NSDAP?s publishing house ?bought up as many of the remaining newspapers they could?[5], that worked pretty well and by 1939 the Nazis owned over 60 percent of all newspapers.

  2. He brought his country and his people nothing but harm. To what extent do ...

    Indeed, the percentage of peasant holdings collectivized in the USSR which increased from 23.6% in 1930 to 98% in 1941 suggests that Stalin?s way of collectivising was efficient. However, the peasantry was disorientated and alienated; it didn?t co-operate in the deliberate destructions of its traditional way of life.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work