Why did the Communists win the Civil war?

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Why did the Communists win the Civil war?     On October 1st, 1949, Mao Zedong declared the People’s Republic of China in Beijing. The Communist Party (CCP) had at long last, won the Civil war. There are many justifications for the defeat of the Guomindang (GMD), both long term and short term.  It can be argued that the CCP was victorious due to the increasing weaknesses of Chiang Kai-shek, whilst other sources chose to draw an explanation by amplifying the intelligent tactics brought on by Mao. It is said that although Chiang Kai-shek was given many advantages, he threw away the opportunities by making irrational decisions. While meanwhile, Mao became an opportunist. The difference in ideologies between both leaders manifested amongst their inevitable responsibilities such as, the military, popularity, propaganda, and economy. Most people know the Chinese Civil war as a battle from 1946 to 1949; on the contrary, the struggle for power began over 20 years before.In July 1937, the Nationalists and Communists faced war with Japan as it launched a general attack on China.  Chiang and Mao claimed to be united against common enemy; however, their military tactics could not have been more different. In 1945, Chiang appeared more superior militarily; in fact, his military even seemed to be improving. His first mishap occurred just in the beginning of the war, when he lost all his crack troops in the defense of the Yangzi basin area, to Japan. But Chiang would not surrender, and moved his capital to Chongqing, after Shanghai and Nanjing were taken. He then turned to conscription and relied on inadequately trained men. In addition, he had, the support of America. America provided the GMD with modern military supplies, and tactical suggestions. However, Chiang chose to focus on eliminating Communism, rather than defeating the Japanese.  “The Japanese are a disease of the skin, the communists are a disease of the heart” (Chiang Kai-shek).  It was
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obvious that Chiang Kai-shek found himself distracted by the CCP.  “Believing that China was not yet ready to confront Japanese military power and obsessed with his desire to eliminate domestic opposition, Chiang Kai-shek adopted a policy of appeasement and conciliation towards the Japanese” (Journal of Asian Studies, February 1985). The CCP was seen as more productive and used the war to its advantage, to spread communism to the large areas of China, unoccupied by the GMD. Moreover, the Red Army administered guerrilla warfare tactics against the Japanese, which was more effective than the GMD’s head-on fighting. The benefit of land ...

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