Emergency plan for secondary school. The Emergency Incident may involve significant threat, damage or injury to property and individuals, and may have a longterm impact on students

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Assignment: Emergency plan for secondary school

1. Background

ABC secondary school is a grant-in-aid secondary school in Hong Kong. It was founded in 1949 and mainly serves local Chinese. It has an enrolment of approximately 900 students with 60 teachers. In total there were 29 classrooms, three laboratories, a Computer room, a Library, a Geography Room, a Gymnasium, a Great Hall, a canteen and a playground. The school is situated on the hillside and some 800 meters from the city centre. 

2. Definitions

2.1 The definition of an emergency

The Civil Contingencies Act(2004) of United Kingdom defines an emergency as:

• an event or situation which threatens serious damage to human welfare;

• an event or situation which threatens serious damage to the environment; or

• war, or terrorism, which threatens serious damage to security

        In practice, “Emergency” means any unplanned event that can cause death or significant injuries to employees, clients or the public; or that can shut down or disrupt operations, cause physical or environmental damage, or threaten the facility’s ability to perform its public duties.

An Emergency incident or crisis can be clarified as an unexpected event which affects the School community, and which causes disruption on a scale, which is beyond the normal coping capability of the School.

The Emergency Incident may involve significant threat, damage or injury to property and individuals, and may have a long-term impact on students, staffs, governors and parents.

Examples of possible emergency in schools are listed below:

• Extreme weather                                        • Acts of Violence/Disorderly Behavior

• Biological or Chemical Threat                • Bomb Threat

• Bus Disaster                                                • Earthquake

• Explosion/Threat of Explosion                • Airplane Crash

• Fire On-Site                                                • Fire in Surrounding Area

• Urban Flooding                                        • Loss of Utilities

• Animal Disturbance                                • Landslide of hillslope

• Collapse of old building                        • Missing Person(s)(including staffs and students)

• Extended Campus Power Outage                • Extended Communication System Failure

• Internet Failure                                        • Food Borne disease or Food poisoning

• Hazardous Chemical Incident                • Labor Action

• Nuclear or Biological Incident/Attack        • Water System Failure

• Sudden illness(hear attack or paralysis)

• Sudden outbreak of communicable diseases(SARS, Avian influenza (H5N1))

2.2 Terms used in the plan.

The Emergency plan incorporates the four elements of comprehensive emergency management, namely:

2.2.1 Prevention and Preparedness

        Prevention refers to those activities which eliminate or reduce the number of occurrences of disasters. It is important to identify, assess and prioritize local and regional vulnerabilities to emergencies.

2.2.2 Mitigation

        Mitigation attempts to lessen the impact when the disaster does occur. It refers to efficient utilization of all available resources during an emergency.

2.2.3 Response

        Response activities follow the immediate impact of an emergency, or may start before the emergency materializes, for example, on receipt of a warning or advisory that a flood, blizzard, or ice storm is approaching.

2.2.4 Recovery

        Recovery activities are those following a disaster to restore the community to its pre-emergency state, and to include risk reduction actions to prevent or mitigate a recurrence of the emergency.

2.3 Emergency level classifications

Three levels of operation have been identified, relative to the magnitude of the emergency:

2.3.1 Level 1 (“Minor Emergency”): These are localized events not seriously affecting the overall functional capacity of the School. The emergency includes incidents that can be managed using normal response operations. Appropriate personnel are informed and placed on alert status. The incident will be handled completely by the Principal or his designate.

2.3.2 Level 2 (“Major Emergency”): These are serious events that affect an entire building and disrupt the operation of the School. The emergency can no longer be managed using normal procedures. Some personnel, but not all positions are filled, to coordinate and support the response to the incident, depending upon the nature of the incident. Staffing decisions are made by the Principal and depend on the circumstances surrounding the event.

2.3.3 Level 3 (“Disaster”): These are events that seriously impair or halt the operation of the School(such as an Explosion or Acts of Violence). In some cases, mass casualties and severe property damage may be sustained. A coordinated effort of School and external resources is required to effectively control the situation. All emergency personnel should report for duty. A campus proclamation of emergency is declared during a Level 3 emergency.

3. Purpose and Objectives of the Emergency Plan

3.1 Key objectives of the emergency plan

ABC secondary school has produced this Emergency Plan provide effective Emergency response arrangements that will ensure the safety and wellbeing of its employees, students, visitors, tenants and site users in the event of any incidents or emergencies that may occur on school campus. It aimed to protect employees from serious injury, property loss, or loss of life, in the event of an actual or potential major disaster.

The Emergency Plan will not list each type of Emergency situation but will provide a framework for Emergency Response that can be used in most Emergency situations. It is important that the Emergency plan policy is understood by those with the responsibility for implementation and activated immediately.

This Emergency Plan provides background information essential for a reader to fully appreciate the responses. The introductory information includes:

• Damage control: Prevention or minimization of injuries, illness, property damage, environmental harm, production or service loss, are primary objectives of every emergency plan.

• Follow-up: The basic cause of the emergency should be determined and controlled so that it does not recur.

• Resumption of operation: Once damage control and follow-up are accomplished, it is desirable to be able to resume operations promptly, effectively, and safely.

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In the event of a major disaster, this Emergency Plan describes the initial responsibilities and actions to be taken to protect all employees until the appropriate responders take over. The plan outlines the interaction between the following entities:

· The School’s operational units (Principal, Administrative Units);

· The School’s community(Teachers, technical staffs, students);

· The Public Response Agencies

3.2 The primary focus of the plan

3.2.1 Establish an effective framework of Emergency Response

3.2.2 Ensure that the Emergency incident is communicated quickly and clearly to employees, students and visitors in School, enabling support arrangements to be rapidly activated

3.2.3 Ensure ...

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