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Health Safety and Welfare for Construction

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Introduction

´╗┐Robinson. J HEALTH AND SAFETY nrc ` Unit Title: Assignment One Health and Safety Unit Code: T/601/1252 Assessment Title: Health Safety and Welfare for Construction Student Name: Joe Mitchell Student Number: MIT11067796 ________________ CONTENTS Introduction page 2 Task 1 CDM Regulations page 3-5 Task 2 Health and saftey policy page 6 Task 3 Approved codes of practice page 9 Riddor report Task 4 Analyses of riddor report page 10-12 Power point working in excavations Task 5 Court structure in NI page 13-14 References page 15 Bibliography page 16 Introduction Getting hurt at work or becoming ill through work is not a pleasant subject to think about. The reality is that over 200 people a year lose their lives at work in Britain. In addition, around 150 000 non-fatal injuries are reported each year, and an estimated 2 million suffer from ill health caused or made worse by work. The mistake is to believe that these things happen in highly unusual or exceptional circumstances that never occur in your workplace. This is not the case. Some basic thinking and acting beforehand could usually have prevented these things from happening. Implementing health and safety measures doesn?t have to be expensive, time consuming or complicated. In fact, safer and more efficient working practices can often save money but, more importantly, they can help to save lives. TASK 1 Identify the appropriate regulation which will help insure that a construction project is safe to build use and maintain. Outline the specific duties of the key parties and explain the relationship between them and in particular the responsibilities for providing welfare facilities on site. The appropriate regulations that help to ensure a construction project is safe to build, use and maintain are the Construction Design and Management Regulations 2007 (CDM). ...read more.

Middle

(2007 p .28) After careful analysis of a number of health and safety polices I have adjusted this policy which I believe now gives the most suitable and comprehensive cover for this company. COMPANY POLICY FOR HEALTH, SAFETY AND WELFARE AT WORK TASK 3 Describe how Approved Codes of Practice (ACoPs) are used to ensure compliance with health and safety legislation. The Approved Codes of Practice (ACoPs) has special legal status; they give practical advice for all those involved in construction work and contain examples of good practice. They advise on how to comply with the law by, providing a guide to what is ?reasonably practicable? and can illustrate what is required in particular circumstances. If an employer is prosecuted for a breach of health and safety law, and it is proved that he has not followed the relevant provisions of the Approved Code of Practice, a court can find him at fault unless he can show that he has complied with the law in some other way, such as following guidance notes which are not compulsory but when it can be proved they were followed its normally enough to comply with law. Health and safety inspectors seek to Secure compliance with the law and may refer to this guidance as illustrating good practice. http://www.hse.gov.uk/construction/cdm/acop Task 4 Analyse the information contained in the RIDDOR report and determine any training needs that may be required? Legislation such as The Health and Safety at Work Order 1978 and the Management of Health Safety and Welfare Regulations 1999 place obligations on employers to train their employees in terms of health and safety at work. In particular to: 1. Ensure that all employees and other members of staff are competent to do what is required of them and strive to provide suitable instruction, training and supervision as is necessary. ...read more.

Conclusion

Order 1978 in the Lower court system is a fine of up to £20,000 and/or 6 months imprisonment, in the Higher court system the maximum penalty is an Unlimited fine and/or 2 years imprisonment. Of course accidents caused by work activities cost time and money in many other ways. If a serious accident occurs in the workplace the cost to a company can be considerable. There are different types of costs involved with accidents in the work place, direct cost and indirect costs. Direct costs are those costs specifically associated with the accident such as; cost of damage to work equipment, the clean up operation, sick pay for injured worker, legal expenses, compensation, fines and court costs resulting from legal prosecution. Indirect costs are those costs that do not specifically relate to the accident but are the consequence of the accident such as; loss of production/productivity, overtime to cover loss of production/productivity, wages for replacement worker while injured party is off on sick leave, increase in insurance premiums and the loss off work time for senior managers involved in the investigation of the accident. There are also Human Consequences when accidents in the work place occur and these can have a varying effect on the workforce. Accidents in the work place can cause direct injury to employees or the public. Also accidents can have other consequences on people involved in accidents and those that may have witnessed the accident. These consequences can affect people mentally and psychologically such as emotional distress. One effective method companies can use to cut done on the chance of accidents is to keep records of serious accidents, incidents, emergencies and near misses this enables companies to identify where and how risks arise, Organisations can then address the risks and take steps to reduce them. Topliss S, Hurst M, Skarratt G,. (2007 p . ...read more.

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