• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the role of the principal in shaping school culture and discuss the extent to which school culture determines school effectiveness.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐PRINCIPAL AND SCHOOLS? CULTURE AS IT RELATES TO SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS Assignment Examine the role of the principal in shaping school culture and discuss the extent to which school culture determines school effectiveness. ?Tasks of principals are multifaceted and complex? (Anderson, 2008) The role of the principal is important for schools to operate effectively and efficiently. In today?s society the role of the principal ranges from the simple to the complex. The Principal is not only a leader, but should be able to take up different roles in the school environment. The various roles encompass dealing with both the teaching staff and students. Principals have to help students integrate with society, help the school as an institution to merge with other institutions such as the family, and to further help develop better students/individuals/citizens through the association with Parent Teachers Associations (Anderson, 2008). The principal therefore needs to shape a school culture that would assist him or her to accomplish the tasks needed to create an effective school. Generally, defined culture is ?a way of life,? or ?the way we do things around here? (Barth, 2007). However, when one takes a look at organizations Robbin & Judge (2011), define culture as a system of shared meaning held by members, which distinguishes the organization from other organizations.? A school?s culture is the ?complex pattern of norms, attitudes, beliefs, behaviors, values, ceremonies, traditions, and myths that are deeply ingrained in the very core of the organization? (Barth as cited in Fullan 2007). Lunenburg & Ornstein (2008) also continues and defines culture as ?shared philosophies, ideologies, beliefs, feelings, assumptions, expectations, attitudes, norms and values (p.69)? It incorporates rituals and symbols that schools identify with and is more concerned with the social rather than the technical aspect of schools. ...read more.


Secondly, students who perform well at sporting events must be given a token or monetary contribution as a reward for examplary behavior. Furthermore, during assemblies and speech night these students must be recongnized at the events. These activities would act as a means of shaping the culture of the school. The stakeholders and community members will view the activities and get the message that the school is one that has high standard. The students within the school who observe others being awarded for exemplary behaviours will want to emulate the behaviors thus pomoting a positive school culture. In addition, principals can also observe rituals and traditions and recount stories (histories) in order to shape a schools? culture. The principal can allow sessions in which the teachers and students relate stories of past events. These pass events can focus on the achievement and success of the institution. DuPont, (2009) supports this practice when she purports that the history of the school is important in shaping a schools culture because individuals must learn the past in order to understand the future. The way the principal dealt with pass conflict, celebration,tragedies and success will give newcomers an idea of the ?way things are done around here? (Peterson, & Deal, 1998). The rituals of a school are routine that becomes linked to the school purpose and mission (DuPont, 2009). DuPont (2009) continue to emphasise that principals observe rituals because it a way of connecting and teaching about the schools culture to all stakeholders. When utilized in the right way rituals becomes embedded and supports the school?s heart and soul (Peterson, & Deal, 1998). ...read more.


It must be noted therefore that school culture largely determine school effectiveness. Reference Alkire, G. J. (1995). Shaping your school's culture. Thrust for Eduatioanl Leadership, 24(7) 22. Anderson, J. B. (2008). Principals' Role and Public Primary Schools' Effectiveness in Four Latin American Cities. Elemantary School Journal, 109(1), 36-60. Barth, R. S. (2007). Culture in Question. In M. Fullan, The Jossey-Bass reader on Educational Leadership (pp. 159-168). San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Busher, H., & Barker, B. (2003). The Crux of Leadership- Shaping School Culture by Contesting the Policy Contexts and Practices of Teaching and Learning. Educational Management and Education,31(1), 51-65. DuPont, J. P. (2009). Teacher perceptions on the influence of instructional leadership of principal on school culture. A dissertation submitted to the faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Minnesota, in partial fulfillment fo the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Eduation. Halawah, I. (2005). The relationship between effective communication of High School Principals and School Climate. Education, 334-345. Hallinger, P., & Murphy, J. (1985). Assessing the instructional leadership behavior of principals. Elementary School Journal, 86(2) 217-248. Lunenburg, F. C., & Ornstein, A. C. (2008). Eduational Administration: Concepts and practices. USA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. Peterson, K. D., & Deal, T. E (1998). How leaders influence the culture of schools. Educational Leadership,56(1) 28. Robbins,S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2011). Organisational Behavior. Boston: PrenticeHall. Sahin, S. (2011). The relationship between instructional leadership style and school culture. Educational Science:Theory and Practice, 1920-1927. Shannon,G. S., & Bylsma, P. (2007). The nine Characteristics of high-performing schools: A research-based resource for schools and districts to assist with improving student learning. Olympia: WA:OSPI. Ubben, Hughes, & Norris. (2007). The Principal:Creative Leadership for Excellence in Schools. Boston: Pearson. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Teaching section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Teaching essays

  1. Literacy In After school Program

    Story and Literature Dramatizations It's a well known fact that from early age children have enjoyed and used story and drama play as a connecting bridge to their literacy. According to Rowe (1998) this kind of practice is a crucial part of enhancing literacy-learning process as during process student may apply dramatization as a means of exploring content of books.

  2. My Ideal School

    The school rules are as follows and should be obeyed at all times: I. Fingernails should be well trimmed and hands kept clean at all times. II. No laughing, skipping or singing of any kind III. Religions are not permitted.

  1. Problem formulation - Background of the dissertation.

    Guest lecturers who are specialists in a particular discipline are often used to supplement subject areas to give greater depth to those of particular importance. These guest lecturers bring a fresh international perspective, which enhances and broadens the students' education. 2.1.5 Teaching environment Esbjerg Business Academy uses innovative teaching methodologies.

  2. Human Resource Management - Need of the Time

    Personal involvement and commitment from day one by us. Punyam's team of professionals monitor your activity to gear up certification process. Punyam is working since 1995. Team: At present 12 Engineers are working having qualification of B. E. / M.B.A Work Area 1. ISO: 9001 series and international certification consultancy ISO: 9001 CE MARK SA 8000 ISO:14001 OHSAS 18001 WHO GMP HACCP BS 7799 ISO:17025 (NABL ACCREDITATION)

  1. Raising achievement within Mathematics

    Pupils set the question ? all my year 7s love this. They come up with a question either in pairs or by themselves and come up to the front of the class and pose the question to the rest of the class 6.

  2. The purpose of this study is to determine if teaching authentic lessons to sixth ...

    Quasi-Experimental Design: Use an Academic Enrichment class at AG Middle as control group Give pre test(TOSRA attitude about science career to class) No treatment(Teach same ecology objectives with textbook) Give post test( TOSRA attitude about science careers) after ecology unit Use an Academic Enrichment class as experimental group Give pre test(TOSRA attitude about science career to class)

  1. 'The School' by Donald Barthelme.

    With the constant replacements of animals, trees or even people it has directed the children to a fascination of death. Life is a cycle that continuously brings something new and even more superior, however to be pleased with life there is many sacrifices.

  2. Analyze and Evaluate the Process of Instructional Supervision at the Designated School

    The instructional supervisors advocate individual teacher growth and development beyond their current level of performance. The leadership strives to meet teachers and students where they are, wherever that may be and reach beyond that level. This process is the responsibility of the principal who is required to provide educational and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work