"In 1848 Europewas ablaze with revolutionary fervour affecting most countries. Germanywas affected but differently to the rest of Europe. To what extent was this the case?"

Authors Avatar

Year 11 IB History 2003 – The 1848 Revolution & Germany

“In 1848 Europe was ablaze with revolutionary fervour affecting most countries.  Germany was affected but differently to the rest of Europe.  To what extent was this the case?”

To a certain extent, Germany was affected differently to other European countries.  Although many European countries were under revolution, they were affected in different ways.  The Europeans wanted universal suffrage and economic improvement as well as an end to the old monarchy.  The main difference was the fervent desire for unification.  The causes of the revolution were similar – economic and social deterioration, but the outcomes were assorted.  France had no trouble in acquiring a republic, but had difficulty in running it.  Austria’s racial differences caused disputes over the Diet language.  The revolutions in Austria were successful in shaking the Hapsburg Empire in the beginning, however it eventually failed because of the conflicting economic goals of the middle and lower classes.  Germany was after unification.  There was no complication by racial differences, there was a mass of peasants to support revolts, a King that was initially willing to attempt to unite Germany, yet the revolution failed.  The revolutions affected each country similarly in trying to bring down the long-standing monarchy, however outcomes of each were distinctly different.

Join now!

When revolution in France broke out, it was an example set for the rest of Europe.  French revolutionaries were eager for a republic, and when Louis Philippe abdicated, they got one; however it was not a stable or united body.  

Like France, the majority of the Austrian Empire was still ruled by monarchy and the Metternich System that was “preserving medieval feudal privileges over peasantry”.  Hungarian rebel, Louis Kossuth saw the French Revolution as an opportunity to voice his opinion.  Kossuth and his followers demanded that Magyar should be the language of the Hungarian Diet.  They wanted ...

This is a preview of the whole essay