• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Chinas one child policy

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

With reference to a named country, evaluate attempts to manage population changes. China's one child policy In the mid-twentieth century, the Chinese government believed that a large population would turn China into a strong nation. The people were encouraged to have large families. However, this resulted in a population increase of 55 million every three years. With the massive population increase, the state realised that it might lead to famine as the food demand would exceed supply. To avoid a Malthusian disaster, the government decided to control the population growth by introducing the one-child policy. The limits each couple to bear only one child (with the exception of identical twins). In addition, the marriageable age for men was raised to 22, and for women to 20. ...read more.

Middle

Although it can be seen as a good thing and is the whole point of the policy, the fertility rate might lower to a point where reproduction occurred very rarely. Another problem the Chinese government faced was that it was quite easy for couples to hide their child. Many people had more than one child without the government knowing. These children were not registered and could not receive any benefits which were available for all other children - not even medical care or education. Later in life, there would be difficulty in obtaining permission from the government to marry as they were not registered. Having only one child per couple, parents could easily indulge their child. As a result, "little emperors were emerged". ...read more.

Conclusion

There was less unemployment due to labour surplus. The individual saving rate was increased since the introduction of the policy. This was due to less money being spent on children, and in turn allows people more money to invest. It is also reported that women received better health care services. The number of women who died from pregnancy and the infant mortality rate had decreased. In conclusion, the one-child policy was not a perfect solution, but it was almost inevitable as China's population was growing so fast that famine was bound to occur if it was not controlled. However, perhaps a more relaxed policy could have achieved the same results. I personally think that a two-child policy might have been better. It would stabilise the population, as well giving the people more freedom and possibly solve the problem of imbalance sex ratio. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. How does Sen's approach to famine differ from the Malthusian approach?

    The truth is that having a bigger family creates a greater chance of increasing your income and increasing your food supply. "[I]f you apply Malthusian speculation to the present Third World population explosion, you conclude, in common with many politicians, that people are now producing more children than they can

  2. POPULATION GROWTH - China

    People from Hupeh and Shensi then entered Szechwan to fill the vacuum, and the movement continued until the 19th century. Again, during the middle of the 19th century, the Taiping Rebellion caused another large-scale disruption of population. Many people in the Lower Yangtze were massacred by the opposing armies, and the survivors suffered from starvation.

  1. Geography: Causes of Famine

    Human Reasons * Civil war in Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia. * Population Growth leading to population pressure causing * Sedentary (inactive) nomads * These factors interact and lead to vegetation decline and removal of moisture from soil and local environment.

  2. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    However, LEDCs have problems if they are over reliant on a small number of products because if the crop fails they have no exports. Definitions Arable Crops are grown Pastoral Livestock is reared - Found in North West because cool summers (13�C), mild winters (4�C), heavy precipitation (2000mm)

  1. Notes on China's One Child Policy

    have been under pressure to abort second pregnancies or undergo forced sterilisation if they have a girl.

  2. Evaluating China's One Child Policy

    public services that the forbidden child would have received over its lifetime. Furthermore, in some areas the couple would have been stripped of their house, jobs and even the ability to live in a particular area of the country. Also in earlier time they would have been forfeited their rations and clothing benefits.

  1. Analysis of Chinas One Child Policy

    In 1959 the average Chinese family had approximately 7 children! Without the policy the Chinese population would have easily risen to over 2 billion in the early 21st century. Key Reasons for China?s 1 child policy: 1. If the Chinese did not decrease their population, they would not have enough

  2. China's One Child Policy - Success or Failure?

    Impacts of the Policy This policy was set out to reduce the social, economic and environmental problems that plagued China in the 1970s/80s however has the policy actually performed as well as predicted?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work